He saw us opening for Joy Division and he asked us to go on tour with him Gary was very good to us. Paul Humphreys . Rather than hire studio time to record their eponymous debut albumMcCluskey and Humphreys used their advance payment from Dindisc to build their own Liverpool recording studioThe Gramophone Suite.
They predicted that they would be dropped by the label due to disappointing sales, but would at least own a studio. It had a raw, poppy, melodic synth-pop sound. A tour followed: Winston the tape recorder was augmented with live drums from Malcolm Holmesand Dave Hughes played synths. Hughes left OMD in late It was again produced by Howlett, and had a moodier, dark feel largely inspired by the passing of former Factory label-mate, and Joy Division singer, Ian Curtis.
The tour for this album had a four-piece band line-up, with saxophonist Martin Cooper another Dalek I Love You alumnus recruited for keyboard duties and enlisted as an official group member. It ushered in a lush choral electronic sound. The group went into the studio with Richard Manwaring producing. The album's sound saw OMD's original synth-pop sound augmented by the Mellotron an instrument previously associated with prog rock bands.
They used it to add atmospheric swatches of string, choir, and other sounds to their palette. Two more hit singles "Joan of Arc" and " Maid of Orleans " which became the biggest-selling single of in Germany  were on the album. In the band lost commercial momentum somewhat, with the release of their more experimental Dazzle Ships album, produced by Rhett Davies.
Its relative commercial failure caused a crisis of confidence for Humphreys and McCluskey and brought about a deliberate move towards the mainstream. The album was a success, reassuring the group about their new direction. Inthe band expanded to a sextet, adding brothers Graham Weir guitar, keyboards, trombone and Neil Weir trumpet, bass guitarand released Crushproduced by Stephen Hague in Paris and New York. During this period, the band also recorded a special version of "So in Love" in duet with the French pop singer Etienne Daho.
Later in the band were asked to write a song for the John Hughes film Pretty in Pink. They offered "Goddess of Love", although the ending of the film was re-shot due to a negative response from test audiences. At the end of this year, the same six piece line-up also released The Pacific Agebut the band began to see their critical and public popularity wane notably in the UK.
Journalist Hugo Lindgren argued that the success of "If You Leave" has concealed from US audiences the group's history of making innovative music. Graham and Neil Weir left the band at the end of the US tour. Humphreys departed in amid personal and creative dissension with McCluskey. How to fix it was where we disagreed. This left only McCluskey to carry on, essentially becoming a solo artist working under the OMD banner.
The album Liberatorwhich ventured further into dance territory, was released in Lead single " Stand Above Me " peaked at no. Paul Humphreys, while no longer part of the group, co-wrote the single " Everyday " a No. Also inMcCluskey made contributions to the Esperanto album, a project by former Kraftwerk member Karl Bartos then working under the moniker of Elektric Music. McCluskey returned with a rotating cast of musicians for the more organic Universal which featured two songs co-written by Humphreys as well as a holdover from the Esperanto sessions, co-penned by Bartos.
A particular source of frustration was the modest commercial response to " Walking on the Milky Way ", over which McCluskey said he "sweated blood", considering it "about as good a song as I could write". BBC Radio 1 refused to playlist the song, which in turn led to high street store Woolworths refusing to stock it.
McCluskey said, "I just thought: 'Screw this, I'm not going to bang my head against a brick wall'. Post, McCluskey decided to focus on songwriting for such Liverpool based acts as Atomic Kitten and the Genie Queen, and trying to develop new Merseyside artists from his Motor Museum recording studio.
An unexpected request to perform from a German Television show and McCluskey's desire to find distraction after his acrimonious divorce led the group to reform. The second half of each concert featured a selection of their best known hits. At Enola Gay - Various - Original Hits - 80s Pop (CD) same time, a brief October tour was announced, partly to tie-in with the Dazzle Ships album's 25th anniversary.
China Crisis supported OMD on this tour. A recording of this concert was released on DVD in December.
A European tour followed in autumn. In NovemberOMD announced they were getting back to the studio to start work on their latest album, English Electric. We can do what the hell we want. Andy McCluskey . Reviews for both the album and their concerts have generally been positive.
The only song post played was "History of Modern Part 1". The concert was recorded and made available on double CD right after the show. A triple LP vinyl recording of the concert was also made available. InOMD published a book entitled "Pretending to See Enola Gay - Various - Original Hits - 80s Pop (CD) Future", which is a first-person "autobiography" about the band.
For Enola Gay - Various - Original Hits - 80s Pop (CD) who pre-ordered the book on PledgeMusicthey received a limited-edition flexi-disc containing a previously unheard demo of " Messages " from As part of the group's 40th-anniversary celebrations, a UK and European tour was announced in March It also contains 22 previously unreleased recordings from the group's archive, selected and mixed by Paul Humphreys.
James Hunter of Spin wrote that "OMD set about reinventing punk with different applications of dance beats, keyboards, melodies, and sulks", rejecting the genre's "sonic trappings but not its intellectual freedom".
OMD were indifferent to celebrity status, and avoided the calculated fashion stylings of many of their s peers. The experimental Dazzle Ships was a critical and commercial disappointment upon release.
This prompted OMD to move towards a more accessible sound on the black music -influenced Junk Culture ; the band also donned more vibrant garments on the album's accompanying tour.
Some journalists have rejected the group's post- Dazzle Ships reinvention,   while others have expressed an appreciation for the new direction. Club said OMD would "give up" creatively,  while the Quietus founder John Doran wrote, "It's quite popular to see OMD as nose-diving into the effluence after Dazzle Ships but the truth is there is still much to recommend.
Musicians have commented on OMD's mids output. Moby said, "Their earlier records were just phenomenal Junk Culture is great. Spin journalist Jessica Bendinger wrote in"[OMD's] music has been colored by continual exploration The McCluskey-led OMD explored a dance -oriented approach on Sugar Tax and Liberator ;  critic Ian Peel wrote that the band "defied expectations by updating their sound and becoming, if only briefly, relevant in the 90s".
The Scotsman . OMD have been named as pioneers of electronic music,     and one of the more important acts of the synth-pop genre;   Nightshift identified OMD, and fellow late s debutants Gary Numan and the Human Leagueas "the holy trinity of synth-pop". OMD often faced hostility from the music press. OMD influenced several s contemporaries, including Depeche Mode. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
English band. This article is about the band. For their debut album, see Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark album. Electronic  new wave  synth-pop  experimental . Le varie segnature vengono rilegate per ottenere il volume. L'apertura delle pagine, specialmente nelle edizioni in brossuraera di solito lasciata al lettore fino agli anni sessanta del XX secolomentre ora le segnature vengono rifilate direttamente dalla tipografia.
Nei libri antichi il formato dipende dal numero di piegature che il foglio subisce e, quindi, dal numero di carte e pagine stampate sul foglio. Le "carte di guardia", o risguardi, o sguardie, sono le carte di apertura e chiusura del libro vero e proprio, che collegano materialmente il corpo del libro alla coperta o legatura. Non facendo parte delle segnaturenon sono mai contati come pagine. Si chiama "controguardia" la carta che viene incollata su ciascun "contropiatto" la parte interna del "piatto" della coperta, permettendone il definitivo ancoraggio.
Le sguardie sono solitamente di carta diversa da quella dell'interno del volume e possono essere bianche, colorate o decorate con motivi di fantasia nei libri antichi erano marmorizzate. Il colophon o colofone, che chiude il volume, riporta le informazioni essenziali sullo stampatore e sul luogo e la data di stampa. In origine nei manoscritti era costituito dalla firma o subscriptio del copista o dello scriba, e riportava data, luogo e autore del testo; in seguito fu la formula conclusiva dei libri stampati nel XV e XVI secolo, che conteneva, talvolta in inchiostro rosso, il nome dello stampatore, luogo e data di stampa e l' insegna dell'editore.
Sopravvive ancor oggi, soprattutto con la dicitura Finito di stampare. Nel libro antico poteva essere rivestita di svariati materiali: pergamena, cuoio, tela, carta e costituita in legno o cartone.
Poteva essere decorata con impressioni Enola Gay - Various - Original Hits - 80s Pop (CD) secco o dorature. Ciascuno dei due cartoni che costituiscono la copertina viene chiamato piatto. Nel XIX secolo la coperta acquista una prevalente funzione promozionale. Ha caratterizzato a lungo l'editoria per l'infanzia e oggi, ricoperto da una "sovraccoperta", costituisce il tratto caratteristico delle edizioni maggiori.
Le "alette" o "bandelle" comunemente dette "risvolti di copertina" sono le piegature interne della copertina o della sovraccoperta vedi infra. Generalmente vengono utilizzate per una succinta introduzione al testo e per notizie biografiche essenziali sull'autore. Di norma, riporta le indicazioni di titolo e autore.
I libri con copertina cartonata in genere sono rivestiti da una "sovraccoperta". Oltre al taglio "superiore" o di "testa" vi sono il taglio esterno, detto "davanti" o "concavo"e il taglio inferiore, detto "piede". I tagli possono essere al naturale, decorati o colorati in vario modo. In questi ultimi casi, si parla di "taglio colore", nel passato usati per distinguere i libri religiosi o di valore dalla restante produzione editoriale, utilizzando una spugna imbevuta di inchiostri all' anilina anni del XX secolo.
Riporta solitamente titolo, autore, e editore del libro. Sovente riporta un motto. Assente nel libro antico. I primi incunaboli e manoscritti non avevano il frontespizio, ma si aprivano con una carta bianca con funzione protettiva. Nel XVII secolo cede la parte decorativa all' antiporta e vi compaiono le indicazioni di carattere pubblicitario riferite all'editore, un tempo riservate al colophon. In epoca moderna, le illustrazioni e parte delle informazioni si sono trasferite sulla copertina o sulla sovraccoperta e altre informazioni nel verso del frontespizio.
Nel libro antico i "nervi" sono i supporti di cucitura dei fascicoli. I nervi possono essere lasciati a vista e messi in evidenza attraverso la "staffilatura"oppure nascosti in modo da ottenere un dorso liscio. Nel libro moderno i nervi sono di norma finti, apposti per imitare l'estetica del libro antico e conferire importanza al libro.
Se esse fanno parte integrante del testo sono chiamate illustrazioni. Esse hanno una numerazione di pagina distinta da quella del testo; vengono impresse su una carta speciale, quasi sempre una carta patinata. Altri progetti. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. Disambiguazione — "Libri" rimanda qui. Se stai cercando altri significati, vedi Libri disambigua. Disambiguazione — Se stai cercando altri significati, vedi Libro disambigua.
Pagina del Codex Argenteus. Storia, tecnica, strutture. Arma di Taggia, Atene,p. All , of you. URL consultato il 15 agosto There are , of them. At least until Sunday. URL consultato il 5 giugno Scribes, Script and Booksp.
Musical artist. Main article: Howard Jones discography. Retrieved 14 May Trouser Press. Retrieved 28 August Pittsburgh Press. Retrieved 25 August The Prescott Courier.
United Press International. London: Guinness World Records Limited. ISBN The Montclair Dispatch. Howard Jones 1st ed. London: Bobcat books. Guinness Rockopedia 1st ed.
London: Guinness Publishing Ltd. London: Reed International Books Ltd. CN Retrieved 17 January Archived from the original on 27 April Retrieved 1 January Retrieved 2 Enola Gay - Various - Original Hits - 80s Pop (CD) The Daily Telegraph.
Retrieved 6 September Archived from the original on 27 January Archived from the original on 15 July Archived from the original on 24 February PMC Top The Guardian. Retrieved 13 June Daily Record.
One of the UK's most influential electro groups and one of the genre's best albums. It may have been released originally in but still sounds as fresh today. The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 24 December OMD's masterwork [ Record Collector. Retrieved 20 June Record Mirror. In Brackett, Nathan ; Hoard, Christian eds. ISBN Smash Hits. Omnibus Press. ISBN X. The Cavalier Daily. Retrieved 17 July The Gazette. Retrieved 28 December Belfast Telegraph. Evening Express. Retrieved 10 August Melody Maker.
The Observer. Retrieved 22 July The Independent. Retrieved 28 January Retrieved 6 September Rolling Stone.
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