Julian Waterfall Pollack - Infinite Playground. Justin Lacroix Band - Justin Lacroix. Lang - Absolute Torch and Twang. Lang - Ingenue cassette. Lang - a truly western experience. Kalamath Brothers - Kalamath Brothers. Kalamazoo - An Evening With Delfeayo. Kang, van der Schyff, Houle - Pieces of Time. Karl Mohr Audio-Yo - "France" cassette. Kasper Veil - Folk is Dead but who's Listening. Kate Bush - Hounds of Love Alternative mix. Katherine Wheatly - Habits and Heroes. Kathleen Yearwood - Little Misery Birds.
Katrina and The Waves - Break of Hearts. Keep Me Safe - E. Keith Dyck's - The rock and other hard places. Keith LeBlanc - Stranger than Fiction. Kele Fleming - Songs From the Tinforest. Kelly Goodfellow - Throwing Caution to the Wind. Kennel District - Glass of Same Drink. Kenneth Boulton - Mason: Piano Music. Kent Boys, the - "Atticus Finch". Kermit Ruffins - Livin a Treme Life. Kick, The - Domenico Ferrari vs.
Kilkus - The Pattern of Self Design. Kill the Lights - Winter Asthmatics. King Crimson - Larks' Tongues in Aspic. King of Woolworths - L'Illustration Musicale. Kiran Ahluwalia - Kashish Attraction.
Kiss the Ground - Kiss the Ground Cassette. Kit Wilson Yang - eleven songs by kit wilson yang. Kites Overhead - You are a secret, and you must never tell it. Knurl - Periodic Nephromucilaginosit. Kristian Alexandrov - Funked up Jazz. Kristoph Franz - Joshua and the Monk. La Chapelle de Quebec - Mozart Requiem.
La India Canela - Merengue tipico from the dominican Republic. Ladybird Slideshow - Live at the Orange Lounge. Lafayette Harris, Jr. Lake of Stew - Ain't Tired of Lovin'.
Lake Street Dive - Promises, Promises. Lamarche - Searching for the Sunrise. Lara St. Large Professor - The Mad Scientist. Laughing Hyenas - Life of Crime Laurent Coq - Eight Fragments of Summer. Layaway Plan - Solutions to Substance. Laymen Twaist - Walk on the Wild Side. Lazy Jacks - Watercolor and Windows. Leandre, Lenoci - Sur Une Balancoire. Lederhosen Lucil - Tales from the Pantry. Leonisa Ardizzone Quartet - Afraid of the Heights. Les Tireux d'roches Lesbians on Ecstasy - Lesbians on Ecstasy.
Let's Active - Big Plans for Everybody. Liane de Lotbiniere - Sugarfield cassette. Licanantay - Sounds of the Americas cassette. Lickin' Good Fried - Redheaded Woman Lillian Allen - Conditions Critical. Line Three Link Eighty - The Struggle Continues. Link Protrudi and the Jaymen - Missing Links. Lipstick Conspiracy - A Perfect Alibi. Lipstick Machine - Everytime, without you. Lise Monique and the Wintermitts - Alouette e. Lithica - Invokation of Satan Within.
Little Miss Higgins - Junction City. Living Colour - Love rears its ugly head. Lloyd Cole and the Commotions - Mainstream. Local H - Whatever Happened to P. Local Rabbits, The - Basic Concepts. Locoweed - Pushing Through the Pavement. Long Blondes, The - "Couples".
Lonnie Brooks Band - Turn on the Night. Lonnie Brooks Blues Band - Lightning. Loogan Bin - General Strike cassette. Loretto Reid Band - From the Inside. Lorezo Micheli - Castelnuovo-Tedesco. Lori Freedman - Huskless!
Lori Freedman live in concert. Lorne Elliott - The Collected Mistakes Los Campesinos! Love and Rockets - Love and Rockets. Lovebread - How to care for an Unconscious Person cassette. The Lovedaddys - Mr.
Popularity and other short works. Low Pop Suicide - the disengagement ep. Luis Mario Ochoa quintet - momentos cubanos. Lying in States - The Bewildered Hero. Behrens - Advanced Environmental Control. Machine Go Boom - Music for Parents. Mad Bomber Society - No meat wasted. Mad Pudding - Bruce's Vegetable Garden. The Madcaps - Get your mind together.
The Magnificent Sevens - Dirty Roads. Mahavishnu Orchestra - Birds of Fire. Mahones, The - Irish Punk Collection. Mailman's Children, The - Maritime Sun.
Mailman's Children, The - Stranger Things. Malefaction - please do not resist cassette. Malkovich Music - Great Expectations. Mama Cutsworth Unemployed In Greenland.
Mammoth Grove - Mammoth Grove Mandatory Death - Clashing of the Swords. Manhattan Transfer - Chick Corea Songbook. Manitoba Aboriginal Artists - Vol.
Manitoba Chamber Orchestra - 25th Anniversary limited edition live recording. Mannequin Depressives - Incorrect Mechanical Allignment. Mannlicher Carcano - Honorable Mentions. Mannlicher Carcano - Infinite Monkeys. Mannlicher Carcano - War Measures Act. Manraygun - Everything is Temporary. Many Arist - Here comes the summer: the undertones tribute complation.
Marc Grauwels - French Flute Favourites. Marc Moreland Mess - Take it to the Spotlight. Marcel Soulodre - Que je recommence. Marcelo Radulovich - Case of the Missing Thumb. Marcus Goldhaber - The Moment After. Marcus Shelby Orchestra - Soul of the Movement. Marcus Strickland Trio - Idiosyncracies.
Marianne d'Elia - Stay Another Night. Marianne Faithfull - Strange Weather. Mark Haines and the Zippers - Radio Jungle. Mark Mandeville, Jerry Fels - "the accident that led me to the world". Marlene del Rosario - Live with a little help from my friends. Marlene Macdonald - Sweet bondage of time. The Marquis' - Meet me at the mountain. Marshmallow Overcoat - "Beverly Pepper". Martha and the Muffins - Resurrection. Mary Halvorson Quintet - Saturn Sings.
Mary's Danish - there goes the wondertruck Matt Jorgensen - Tattooed by Passion. Matthias Lupri Group - Transition Sonic.
Maurizio Martusciello - Unsettled Line. Maxime de la Rochefoucauld - Orchestraki. Measha Brueggergosman - Night and Dreams. Medicine Bone - Struggling Feast cassette. Megadeth - Symphony The Meligrove Band - Stars and Guitars. Melissa Etheridge - Brave and Crazy. Melissa Etheridge - Like the way I do. Melissa Etheridge - Melissa Etheridge.
Melodies on Canvas - Undersea and other Stories. Melwood Cutlery - Overstepping The Boundaries. Mental as Anything - Creatures of Leisure. Mental as Anything - Cyclone Raymond. Mental as Anything - Mouth to Mouth. Mental Terrorizer - Mental Terrorizer. Merrill Nisker - Fancypants Hoodlum. Meshell Ndegeocello - Comfort Woman. Metal Church - This Present Wasteland. Michael Conway Baker - Hope's Journey. Michael Conway Baker - Washington Square.
Michael Fleischmann - For All the Times. Michael Kaeshammer - Days Like These. Michael Occhipinti - The Sicilian Project. Michael Rault - Crash! Michael Rocznik - Seven Kinds of Smoke. Michael Sitney - The Original Anthology Michel F. Cote - Musicien-conseil-phonometriste Montreal. Micheline Coulombe Saint-Marcoux - Impulsion. Michelle Shocked - American Vagabond.
The Microtone Filters - Rocket from Infinity. Miesha and the Spanks - Miesha and the Spanks!!! Mighty Clouds of Joy - Live and Direct. Mike Baggetta Quartet - Small Spaces. Mike Essoudry - Mash Potato Mashers. Mike Hansen, Tomasz Krakowiak - Relay. Mike Tod - The California Recordings. Mike Watt - Contemplating the Engine Room. Mikkel Ploug Equilibrium - Equilibrium. The Milwaukees - The bland comfort of life with lloyd justin. Mira Sahay - Mira Sahay cassette. Misguided Aggression - Flood the common ground.
Mishka and the Urban Groove - Legalize Love. Missing Persons - 12" Single Give. Mississippi sounds - Mississippi sounds. Mizalites - Mizalites Greatest Hits cassette. Modern Jazz Quartet - Plastic Dreams. Mon Electric Bijou - Bullets in the Operation Decoy - Hugh Masher - Operation Decoy (Vinyl).
The Monoxides - The free release of energy. Monster Voodoo Machine - Get on with it. Morbidity Mortality - Dysfunctional Level of Conflict. More Plastic - What are yr colours now. Morning Star - My Place in the Dust. Morrissey - Last of the Famous International Playboys 12".
Mose Allison - The Way of the World. Mossy Ledge - I Am Here Are You There? Moth - Like a Butterfly 'Cept Different. Mother of Pearl - She Bop! Ho's Orchestrotica - Third River Rangoon. Something Something - Shine Your Face.
Not long afterwards it went to GBRf and got renumbered as and repainted in Europorte colours. Almost exactly 2 years later on 28 June it was derailed beside Loch Trieg nr Tulloch in Scotland. Due to the almost impossible task of recovery, the largely undamaged engine was cut up on site.
However, that is not the end of the story. The engine from this loco has now been rebuilt and fitted to 'Evening Star', nominally the final Class ever to be built. So, the shot of the loco seen here, is the original one, before it donated its 'heart' to the Evening Star', ; what a story! At the other side of the formation, some sort of track-side hut remains, though it must be many a year since it was last used.
The next shot shows the rear of the DRS hauled coal wagons disappearing around the curve to the Maltby Station site whilst on the left of the rear wagons, 'BKS - 36' one of the Brookhouse road bridge signs can be seen. To the right, Maltby Colliery, still open and owned by 'RJB Mining' at that time, though the mine was closed 2 years later in and the above ground structures demolished in In the sequence of pictures, shows the inside of Maltby Colliery box, invited in by the signaller at that time who had given us permission to use the steps to photograph the impending approach of the 'Lincolnshire Poacher', with'Oliver Cromwell' in charge.
Three weeks later, on the Spring Equinox, March 22nd,an E. Various views south and north showing the Box location and a, then, healthy number of semaphore signal gantries to control moves into and from Maltby Colliery; note all shots from the track were taken with the signaller's permission whilst wearing hi-vis jackets.
This is the 6R45 working, Maltby Colliery to Immingham Import Terminal, which means it looks to be going the long way round as Immingham is off to the north-east, behind the train, the wagons look to be empty so maybe it is off for a refill. It was a very wet day and the bridge from which this, and other photographs were taken, was inundated with very fast moving traffic coming to and from Maltby to the east. The next of the two shots however, is the star of the show.
It wasn't until I came to put the stills sequence together for this video that I investigated more and found that this was a well-know charter tour which took place in May,here are the details. The places visited were. Quite a jaunt around and the shot here shows the happy travellers decamping on the Maltby Station site, replete with G.
Priceless, Adrian! He obtained the negative in an on-line auction, and I use the shot with permission. Some further details on this venture, 'The East Midlander', can be found here. Back to March 3rd,and another charter is on its way, this time northwards, and now its the W. It is seen in these pictures coming through a bit of a misty haze as it heads towards Doncaster past the Maltby signal box which had by this stage4 or 5 enthusiasts stood on the steps and platform awaiting its arrival.
Heading north past the box without stopping, on the accompanying line, yet another coal train approaches, once again an E. It and the class 47,at the rear of the Charter, look somewhat similar as they pass one another though the 66 was built on the 17th Decemberwhilst the 47,was built, as D, by B.
In the last 3 shots, has still got the 'peg off' at the box for its south-bound move whilst the Charter has now disappeared into the hazy conditions to the north. Heading through the colliery area site, the 'peg' is also clear for a move through the Maltby Station site and on to Brookhouse Viaduct and Dinnington, Worksop and one of the Power Stations in the east. The last of the 3 shots withshow it crossing over from the double-track section onto the single track which will take is far as Dinnington Junction, where double rack starts again through to Brancliffe East Junction and the Lincoln Main Line.
Two years later almost to the day, on the 6th March, I was back again in the area and more moves of coal trains were about the place. The first, is Freightliner class 66,on an empty coal working from either West Burton or Cottam Power Station, along to Doncaster Down Decoy; the early MArch weather conditions are evident as is the fixed-distant for north-bound moves. At this time, 6th, Marchthe Maltby Colliery site was still complete with its buildings though these were demolished later in the year.
Around 15 minutes later, the Freightliner having cleared the single-track section from the south, yet another E. This one, and all other E. S, though still in E. It is destined for weekend engineering work, as this is mid-day Saturday, all the normal workings have finished and this train is heading to Dinnington Junction where there will be a site for the new work.
Finally in this section. After the engineering train had departed south with its yellow, JNA box wagons, an air of peace descended around the Maltby Colliery box area, as there would now be no further moves along here over the weekend, traction moves commencing once more, early Monday morning. So, a peaceful pair of shots as the last in the sequence, showing the line to the north past the box and, at the back of it, the semi-silvan aspect of the fields which surround the tracks here, this one full of itchy, smelly, sneeze-inducing, eye-watering, Rape Seed Oil crop.
Some information relating to the 3 semaphore boxes in this area, North, South and Station. And so to the last section, of this first part, the area around Brookhouse, Slade Hooton, and a little further south, Laughton-en-le-Morthen.
The most dominating aspect of this area is of course the Brookhouse Viaduct, crossing over Main Street in Brookhouse itself on a very impressive viaduct, built with two tracks in mind, but never carrying more than one. There are several perspectives available, over the formation which curves gently around directly to the south towards Laughton Common and Dinnington, but these days a few of them are now burgeoned with lineside vegetation growth, particularly the view along the viaduct.
The viaduct itself was built with provision for a double track formation to pass over but in the event, this never happened, the line ran single over it and itself was eventually singled all the way along to Dinnington Junction. The first picture of this section shows a Freightliner passing south over the viaduct and the support columns clearly show the space where the second track would have gone.
The information on the inside of the door shows the telecoms and signal wiring pairs between Dinnington Junction to the south and Maltby Colliery box to the north. All the cable to and from it had been stripped out and stolen and this was the only testament to any past infrastructure remaining at the junction Around 1km to the north of the wiring box at Laughton East Junction, a foot-crossing exists and nine months later, on 13th January,a D.
As I recall, this was a bright, clear, cold, crisp day and just after the start of the new year, A series of 35 traction shots now of various sorts, coal mainly, test trains, and an R. Some details about the two class 56 locomotives. The shot taken under the watchful gaze of Adrian Wynn who was stood just down from me on Brookhouse Lane with a view across the fields to the Viaduct. The fields at that time were home to some horses and their stable; not sure I ever saw the shot Adrian had taken here T to Cottam Power Station.
This time on 11th January,9 months after the last shot, a similar picture was taken, without Adrian Wynn this time, but now a 'stable lad' is inquisitive about what I am doing and me about him, turned out he lived in the Dinnington area and rented this field for his horses The next part of this S. R, a 7-year perspective, will continue on from Laughton Common, through Dinnington and on to the end of the line at Brancliffe East Junction ,also during the period 22nd March, to 30th June, As this part has taken 37 hours to put together, commencing on the 24 May, the next part will take around the same time I guess, so middle to end of July I guess.
Just got to create the 'tags list' from a live file which has been growing during this process and then, that's it!! A special inclusion for all of my deaf viewers, although those of you who can hear are welcome to enjoy it as well!
How did this come about? I think at some point I asked my regular viewers, "What songs do you like? So I figured, you gotta lead by example and I thought I'd put together a list of about songs I really like. But like a hungry snake, the list just kept growing, till now it's getting near Bottom line is, it's all about enjoyment, so here's a bunch of songs from my inner iPod which I enjoyed and I hope you will too.
While only may seem restrictive, allow me to inquire whether your own real local oldies station actually plays different songs? Or is their playlist actually a lot more narrow?
Anyhow, don't be surprised if I add more to this list only sparingly. For now I feel like giving this a break because it's gotten to the point where every time I think of a song I have to check this whole list to make sure it isn't already here. Billy Burke also returns as Charlie Swan. The Arrow will be voiced by Stephen Amell himself. The pack will also include an exclusive level and vehicles. PS4 logo shown on ad, but no word if this is a platform exclusive DLC.
For the 5 kilometre race results and photos Click here and enter the bib numbers for the full individual race results. Race photos here.
Thank-you to Sportstats. Part B. Other Communities Alexandria to Navan Click here. Part C. Other Communities Nepean to Woodlawn Click here. Newbiggin-by-the-Sea is a small town and civil parish in Northumberland, England, on the North Sea coast. Once an important port for shipping grain and a coal mining town, it is still a small fishing port making use of traditional coble boats.
The church was for centuries a chapel only, with a tower surmounted by a spire which was originally used as a beacon. In the Middle Ages, Newbiggin was a major port for the shipping of grain, third in importance after London and Hull. Henry III granted a charter for Operation Decoy - Hugh Masher - Operation Decoy (Vinyl) weekly market on Monday and an annual fair; inas a borough of note, it sent bailiffs to a council on matters of state, convened by the Bishop of Lincoln, the Earl of Warwick and other noblemen.
As early asNewbiggin was a popular beach resort, with facilities to cater for visitors. The town had five public houses, one of which had a spa-like array of bathing facilities, several shops and lodging houses. The bay gave good anchorage for small vessels, but even then was very little used, except for the numerous boats belonging to the fishery, in which most of the inhabitants were employed. The plentiful fish caught were herring, cod, ling, haddock, salmon, trout, turbot, halibut, soles, lobsters and crabs, not only for the supply of the neighbouring markets but the region; and buildings for the curing of herrings.
Under the Local Government Act Newbiggin-by-the-Sea became part of the local government district of Wansbeck in The local government district was abolished inwith its responsibilities transferred to the Northumberland County Council unitary authority.
Wansbeck is one of Northumberland's four Parliamentary constituencies. The former local government district of Wansbeck and the Parliamentary constituency of Wansbeck both derive their names from the River Wansbeck which flows into the North Sea near Newbiggin-by-the-Sea. Fishing has always been associated with Newbiggin, although later many inhabitants were employed in coal mining. By the Victorian era, Newbiggin was Northumberland's favourite seaside town, attracting hundreds of visitors every day in the summer months.
Newbiggin Colliery was sunk in The colliery closed inbut at its peak in1, men were employed there. The town was at the end of the first telegraph cable from Scandinavia inand was laid from Jutland, Denmark. The lifeboat station was opened in following a fishing disaster in which ten Newbiggin fishermen lost their lives in stormy seas. It is the oldest operational boathouse in the British Isles. The crews have been presented with 16 awards for gallantry. A new offshore breakwater was installed to accompany the matching breakwater on the opposite side of the bay.
Newbiggin-by-the-Sea boasts the longest promenade in Northumberland. The 13th century Parish Church of St Bartholomew, bleakly situated against a North Sea backdrop at Church Point, contains a notable collection of medieval gravestones. Eight complete cross slab grave covers have been reset in the walls of the north aisle which was rebuilt in The chancel, the east and western bays of arcades and the west tower are all 13th century, while the spire dates to the 14th century.
The Church of St Mary the Virgin, Woodhorn commonly known as 'Woodhorn Church' is the oldest building in Wansbeck, with parts dating back to the 11th century, but has not functioned as a church since In recent decades, the building has housed at various times a museum and artists' studios. Newbiggin Town Council has set up the Woodhorn Church Working Group to discuss the future use of the now vacant building. Woodhorn Church was once the mother church in the Parish of Woodhorn with Newbiggin.
When she was declared redundant inthat role passed to St Bartholomew's. The Salvation Army has had a presence in Newbiggin-by-the-Sea since and its current premises consist of a worship hall on Front Street, opened inand a community hall on Vernon Place. Mary Heynes, who in her childhood was once head girl at the former West Junior School in Newbiggin, recalls that in the s, "The Salvation Army would be on the Quay wall every Sunday doing a service and the band would play.
St Mark's has now closed to worship. Prior to the building of St Andrew's inthe Methodists used to meet in the Wesleyan Chapel on Robinson Square, which was built in The Apostolic Church, whose beginnings can be traced to South Wales during the Welsh Revival, arrived in Newbiggin ininitially hiring a room above the Co-operative store which still stands on Cleveland Terrace. Subsequently, the Apostolic Church acquired a building at 15—17 Gibson Street, but this closed to worship in and now houses the Newbiggin Boxing Club gym.
Until Newbiggin was host to a street fair that attracted thousands of people every year. In its final years, the fair was set out in the following format: starting at the beginning of the shopping area of Front Street, up to the Cresswell Arms public house flowing into Church Point car park and continuing along the seafront promenade.
The lifeboat house and boatyard became the music venue. A stage replaced the boats and the lifeboat house opened its doors, serving food and afternoon tea. Starting inthe annual Old Ship Music Festival is attempting to bring back a summer event to the village. It invites bands from the region and worldwide to play, as well as local comedians, and raises money for charity with the help of local businesses. John Braine was working at the library in Newbiggin —56 when he wrote his best-selling novel Room at the Top.
This program is funded in part by the Kansas Humanities Council, a nonprofit cultural organization promoting understanding of the history, traditions, and ideas that shape our lives and build communities.
Harper's Fabric and Quilt Co. Okay Okay, I know you're sick of hearing through the grapevine that the journal is lost, for a while I thought it was and that scared me horribly.
But, we are back in action : Or at least trying to be. We are still in America, still on the west coast, and going kind of slow : but we will speed it up, I swear we will! Right now, there has been stunted growth because one of the participants came down with mono and couldn't make it to the post office, once she gets better the journal will be going to Mandee, then Lena Writght, then Olivia Freire, then Mary Hare, then Olivia Bee etc etc etc. I am really sorry for anyone in Canada or overseas who has to wait for so long, I will try to keep updates and keep the hype up.
This was a big project to take on and I didn't realize it required so much work. Heaton is a suburb in the east end of Newcastle upon Tyne, England, about 2 miles 3 km from the city centre. It is bordered by the neighbouring areas of High Heaton and Cochrane Park to the north, Walker and Walkergate to the east, Byker to the south and Jesmond and Sandyford to the west.
The name Heaton means high town, referring to the area "being situated on hills above the Ouseburn, a tributary of the River Tyne. King John stayed in the castle at Heaton the remains of which can still be seen in Heaton Park on a number of occasions. By the 18th century, Heaton was a coal mining area with many of its collieries owned by Matthew White and Richard Ridley. The Heaton estate was broken up in when the area became officially incorporated into Newcastle upon Tyne.
Much of the land in Heaton in was owned by Armorer Donkin, who on his death in bequeathed the land to his business partner, the industrialist Sir William Armstrong.
Heaton was divided into two electoral wards, North Heaton and South Heaton, each of which was represented by three councillors. However, boundary changes to all wards in Newcastle upon Tyne were implemented at the city council elections in Maywith the majority of Heaton falling in the Heaton ward. Heaton is a mixed working class and middle class area. In recent years it has become a popular residence for many students attending the city's two universities, Newcastle University and Northumbria University.
Rent and student letting is generally lower in price than in the neighbouring student areas of Jesmond and Sandyford. During the 19th century, the building of the railways saw a line pass through Heaton, now the East Coast Main Line.
Heaton also has a major rail depot. Heaton became the location of Sir Charles Parsons engineering works producing turbines which was founded in The main commercial street in Heaton is Chillingham Road which benefits from local amenities including two small supermarkets, a number of small shops and newsagents, hairdressers, takeaways, cafes, restaurants and public houses, aswell as some local businesses on the side streets of Chillingham Road, such as Vincenzo's Heaton .
In the Cochrane Park area of Heaton there is a famous landmark building, The Wills Building, which was built in as a cigarette factory and was redeveloped in as luxury apartments. Heaton was originally served by Heaton railway station, which was on the main line from Newcastle to Edinburgh Waverley and also on the direct line from Newcastle to the coast.
Heaton is also served by a variety of bus routes, including routes 1, 62 and 63, which link Heaton to Newcastle city centre and areas in the west of Newcastle. Theresa's Primary School. Two Northern League football clubs play in areas neighboring Heaton. Heaton Stannington F. Jack Common —68author of 'Kiddar's Luck' and 'The Ampersand', was born and brought up at 44 Third Avenue, Heaton and attended Chillingham Road Primary School; his novels give a vivid portrait of the area in the early 20th century.
Chas Chandler —96bassist for the Animals. Manager of the Jimi Hendrix Experience and Slade. Cheryl Cole was born in Heaton on 30 June and lived there until the mids when she moved to nearby Walker. It forms the core of the Tyneside conurbation, the eighth most populous urban area in the United Kingdom.
The city is situated on the River Tyne's northern bank, approximately 8. Newcastle developed around a Roman settlement called Pons Aelius and the settlement later took the name of a castle built in by William the Conqueror's eldest son, Robert Curthose.
Historically, Newcastle's economy was dependent on its port. In particular, its status as one of the world's largest ship building and repair centres. Today, the city's economy is diverse with major economic output in science, finance, retail, education, tourism, and nightlife.
Newcastle was part of the county of Northumberland until when it became a county of itself. The first recorded settlement in what is now Newcastle was Pons Aelius "Hadrian's bridge"a Roman fort and bridge across the River Tyne.
This rare honour suggests Hadrian may have visited the site and instituted the bridge on his tour of Britain. The population of Pons Aelius then is estimated at 2, The course of the "Roman Wall" can be traced eastwards to the Segedunum Roman fort in Wallsend—the "wall's end"—and to the supply fort Arbeia in South Shields. The extent of Hadrian's Wall was 73 miles kmspanning the width of Britain; the Wall incorporated the Vallum, a large rearward ditch with parallel mounds, and was built primarily for defence, to prevent unwanted immigration and the incursion of Pictish tribes from the north, not as a fighting line for a major invasion.
Newcastle Castle Keep is the oldest structure in the city, dating back to at least the 11th century. After the Roman departure from Britain, completed inNewcastle became part of the powerful Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria, and was known throughout this period as Munucceaster sometimes modernised as Monkchester.
Conflicts with the Danes in left the settlements along the River Tyne in Operation Decoy - Hugh Masher - Operation Decoy (Vinyl). Because of its strategic position, Robert Curthose, son of William the Conqueror, erected a wooden castle there in the year Much of the keep which can be seen in the city today dates from this period.
Throughout the Middle Ages, Newcastle was England's northern fortress. In Newcastle was separated from Northumberland and made a county of itself by Henry IV. Newcastle was successfully defended against the Scots three times during the 14th century. Froma royal act restricted all shipments of coal from Tyneside to Newcastle Quayside, giving a monopoly in the coal trade to a cartel of Newcastle burgesses known as the Hostmen.
This monopoly, which lasted for a considerable time, helped Newcastle prosper and develop into a major town. The phrase taking coals to Newcastle was first recorded contextually in He was persuaded to sail a shipment of coal to Newcastle by merchants plotting to ruin him; however, his shipment arrived on the Tyne during a strike that had crippled local production, allowing him to turn a considerable profit.
Victoria Tunnel, built In after a government document requested its cities build air-raid shelters, Operation Decoy - Hugh Masher - Operation Decoy (Vinyl) of the tunnel was converted. In the Sandgate area, to the east of the city, and beside the river, resided the close-knit community of keelmen and their families.
In the s, about 7, out of 20, inhabitants of Newcastle died of plague, more than one-third of the population. Inthe Scots then captured the reinforced fortification on the Lawe in South Shields following a siege and the city was besieged for many months. It was eventually stormed "with roaring drummes" and sacked by Cromwell's allies.
The grateful King bestowed the motto "Fortiter Defendit Triumphans" "Triumphing by a brave defence" upon the town. Charles I was imprisoned in Newcastle by the Scots in —7. In the 18th century, Newcastle was the country's fourth largest print centre after London, Oxford and Cambridge, and the Literary and Philosophical Society of , with its erudite debates and large stock of books in several languages, predated the Operation Decoy - Hugh Masher - Operation Decoy (Vinyl) Library by half a century.
A permanent military presence was established in the city with the completion of Fenham Barracks in The Great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead was a tragic and spectacular series of events starting on Friday 6 Octoberin which a substantial amount of property in the two North East of England towns was destroyed in a series of fires and an explosion which killed 53 and injured hundreds. The status of city was granted to Newcastle on 3 June InNewcastle became the seat of an Anglican diocese, with St.
Nicholas' Church becoming its cathedral. Newcastle's public transport system was modernised in when Newcastle Corporation Tramways electric trams were introduced to the city's streets, though these were replaced gradually by trolley buses fromwith the tram service finally coming to an end in The city acquired its first art gallery, the Laing Art Gallery inso named after its founder Alexander Laing, a Scottish wine and spirit merchant who wanted to give something back to the city in which he had made his fortune.
Another art gallery, the Hatton Gallery now part of Newcastle Universityopened in With the advent of the motor car, Newcastle's road network was improved in the early part of the 20th century, beginning with the opening of the Redheugh road bridge in  and the Tyne Bridge in Efforts to preserve the city's historic past were evident as long ago aswhen the Museum of Science and Industry opened, as did the John G Joicey Museum in the same year.
Council housing began to replace inner-city slums in the s, and the process continued into the s, along with substantial private house building and acquisitions. Unemployment hit record heights in Newcastle during the Great Depression of the s. The city's last coal pit closed in , though a temporary open cast mine was opened in  The temporary open cast mine shifted 40, tonnes of coal, using modern techniques to reduce noise, on a part of the City undergoing redevelopment.
During the Second World War, the city and surrounding area were a target for air raids as heavy industry was involved in the production of ships and armaments. The raids caused deaths and injuries. The public sector in Newcastle began to expand in the s. The federal structure of the University of Durham was dissolved.
That university's colleges in Newcastle, which had been known as King's College, became the University of Newcastle upon Tyne now known as Newcastle Universitywhich was founded in , followed by a Newcastle Polytechnic in ; the latter received university status in and became the Northumbria University.
Further efforts to preserve the city's historic past continued in the later 20th century, with the opening of Newcastle Military Vehicle Museum in and Stephenson Railway Museum in The Military Vehicle museum closed in InNewcastle was the venue for the Freedom City festival. The exhibition describes the story of the north of England through its innovators, artists, designers and businesses. The city is located on the north-western bank of the River Tyne, approximately 46 miles 74 km south of the border with Scotland.
The ground beneath the city is formed from Carboniferous strata of the Middle Pennine Coal Measures Group — a suite of sandstones, mudstones and coal seams which generally dip moderately eastwards. To the west of the city are the Upper Pennine Coal Measures and further west again the sandstones and mudstones of the Stainmore Formation, the local equivalent of the Millstone Grit. In large parts, Newcastle still retains a medieval street layout.
Narrow alleys or 'chares', most of which can only be traversed by foot, still exist in abundance, particularly around the riverside. Stairs from the riverside to higher parts of the city centre and the extant Castle Keep, originally recorded in the 14th century, remain intact in places.
Close, Sandhill and Quayside contain modern buildings as well as structures dating from the 15th—18th centuries, including Bessie Surtees House, the Cooperage and Lloyds Quayside Bars, Derwentwater House and House of Tides, a restaurant situated at a Grade I-listed 16th century merchant's house at 28—30 Close.
The city has an extensive neoclassical centre referred to as Tyneside Classical, largely developed in the s by Richard Grainger and John Dobson. More recently, Newcastle architecture considered to be Tyneside classical has been extensively restored. Broadcaster and writer Stuart Maconie described Newcastle as England's best-looking city and the German-born British scholar of architecture, Nikolaus Pevsner, describes Grey Street as one of the finest streets in England.
Immediately to the north-west of the city centre is Leazes Park, first opened to the public in  after a petition by 3, working men of the city for "ready access to some open ground for the purpose of health and recreation".
Just outside one corner of this is St James' Park, the stadium home of Newcastle United FC which dominates the view of the city from all directions. Another major green space in the city is the Town Moor, lying immediately north of the city centre. It is larger than London's Hyde Park and Hampstead Heath put together and the freemen of the city have the right to graze cattle on it.
James' Park, Newcastle United Football Club's ground; this is not exercised, although the Freemen do collect rent for the loss of privilege. In the south-eastern corner of Newcastle is Exhibition Park, which contains the only remaining pavilion from the North East Coast Exhibition of From s until this housed the Newcastle Military Vehicle Museum; which closed in The pavilion is now being used as a microbrewery and concert venue for Wylam Brewery. The wooded gorge of the Ouseburn in the east of the city is known as Jesmond Dene and forms another recreation area, linked by Armstrong Park and Heaton Park to the Ouseburn Valley, where the river finally reaches the River Tyne.
The springtime dawn chorus at 55 degrees latitude has been described as one of the best in the world. The area around the Tyne Gorge, between Newcastle on the north bank and Gateshead on the south bank, is the famous Newcastle-Gateshead Quayside.
Large-scale regeneration efforts have led to the replacement of former shipping premises with modern new office developments; an innovative tilting bridge - the Millenium Bridge - integrated the Quayside more closely with the Gateshead Quayside, home to the BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art the venue for the Turner Prize  and the Norman Foster-designed The Sage Gateshead music centre.
The Newcastle and Gateshead Quaysides are now a thriving, cosmopolitan area with bars, restaurants, hotels and public spaces. The historic heart of Newcastle is the Grainger Town area. Established on classical streets built by Richard Grainger, a builder and developer, between andsome of Newcastle upon Tyne's finest buildings and streets lie within this area of the city centre including Grainger Market, Theatre Royal, Grey Street, Grainger Street and Clayton Street.
Richard Grainger was said to 'have found Newcastle of bricks and timber and left it in stone'. Hodges, who also built Nelson's Column, designed and built the statue, and the monument plinth was designed and built by Benjamin Green. The Grainger Market replaced an earlier market originally built in called the Butcher Market.
The development of the city in the s saw the demolition of part of Grainger Town as a prelude to the modernist rebuilding initiatives of T. Dan Smith, the leader of Newcastle City Council. A corruption scandal was uncovered involving Smith and John Poulson, a property developer from Pontefract, West Yorkshire, and both were imprisoned. A new Chinese arch, or paifang, providing a landmark entrance, was handed over to the city with a ceremony in The Tyneside flat was the dominant housing form constructed at the time when the industrial centres on Tyneside were growing most rapidly.
They can still be found in areas such as South Heaton in Newcastle but once dominated the streetscape on both sides of the Tyne. A new development in the Ouseburn valley has recreated them; Architects Cany Ash and Robert Sakula were attracted by the possibilities of high density without building high and getting rid of common areas. In terms of housing stock, the authority is one of few authorities to see the proportion of detached homes rise in the Census to 7.
Data in Newcastle was first collected in by the solicitor James Losh. They had 10 minutes to plan what they'd use, and 20 minutes to build the volcano. Iain and Joe both used cola and Mentos to get their volcano to erupt, the former used lots of Mentosthe latter using about seven overall to both make their eruptions.
Sian made a pre-erupted volcano, and added sparklers to the top of it to mimic it erupting, Paul basically attached a bicycle pump to a tube and added in a reactant to cola we never find out and forces the bubbly lava through a tiny hole at the top of his volcano.
Lou made a clay volcano, set various sweets and pills on fire, and stood back. Despite his best efforts, Iain and Sian get 2 points, Paul gets 3 points, with Joe and Lou getting 5 points each. Making a Spectacle of Yourself : James Acaster in Series 7 has a pair of yellow shutter shades as part of his outfit for some of his pre-recorded challenges.
The Man in Front of the Man : On a meta-level. Alex is the show's creator and develops the tasks, but on the show he takes the part of "assistant" and Greg takes on the ego trip of sitting in the big chair, the job of judging points for the tasks and determining whether a competitor's attempts at Loophole Abuse are valid, and the pleasure of bullying Alex. Maneki Neko : They appear in parts of series 8, as it had an Asiatic theme.
Manipulative Editing : Is often joked about in the online outtakes, in which Greg will often make a comment along the lines of "That's not making it in [to the final broadcast edit of the show]". This is usually for entirely valid reasons a lengthy tangent that would bump up the run-time without really adding anything, or some off-colour jokes that would probably create some difficulties regarding broadcast guidelines, etc. But now, imagine it on the editing room floor.
Joe: These people know the truth! Greg: Right, [Rhod] can have one point for a start. Rhod: [protesting] Oh come on — Greg: You've had your money's worth out of that picture, you prick. Alex: Up next: they're Russell and Alice. They're cool kids, and this is what they did Nish: I can feel the wind on my buttcrack. Alex: I can see the wind on your buttcrack. Greg: Rob Beckett is the winner of five luxury shoeboxes, a prize that he told me in the break he thought Operation Decoy - Hugh Masher - Operation Decoy (Vinyl) rubbish!
Mel: But I don't know what fucking size everybody else is going to draw! Race Against the Clock : Most of the challenges are done with a fixed time limit to complete in, e. Starting with Series 6, some timed tasks have additional stipulations that make the task more difficult where the contestants aren't allowed to see any clock and must work out the running time based on intuition. Examples include getting to the Taskmaster House and kissing the Taskmaster portrait as close to 30 minutes as possible note both Asim and Tim misunderstood that part of the task as racing to the Taskmaster house and kissing the portrait as quickly as possible, and placed last and second-last respectively "The Old, Soft-Curved Padlock" and inflating as many balloons as you can and popping them all in under 10 minutes, with any balloons remaining unpopped past the minute mark disqualifying a contestant note Jo and Katy were both disqualified in this round because Jo had one leftover unpopped balloon that she missed and Katy hadn't started popping any balloons until just after the minute mark "Don't Like Them Go Bang".
Rage Breaking Point : In Series 7's "The Pendulum Draws The Eye", Rhod Gilbert completed the "find the sock with the satsuma" task by finding a satsuma in the kitchen and stuffing it into a sock at random. When it looked like he was going to win the task due to Loophole AbuseJames Acaster — who was already seething a little bit due to a previous task wherein his attempt at demonstrating improvement with the hula-hoop was strictly judged and marked down due his choking his first attempt — snapped and launched into a rather angry tirade heavily suggesting that Greg was going easy on Rhod due to the long-standing friendship the two had outside of the show.
A rather lengthy argument ensued, and while Greg ultimately decreed that there would be no official winner of the task as a result, there was a notably hostile, bitter and on-edge feel in the studio for several minutes afterwards.
After spending the entire series being rather mild and polite about things, with little to show for it, in the final episode of Series 8 Joe Thomas reaches this when his lengthy and exhaustive effort to dispose of an eraser turns out to be for naught after other contestants exploit Exact Words and just lazily flush the eraser down the toilet.
He's rather forceful when arguing that this technically doesn't count as "erasing" the eraser since it's still intact and could, if someone was particularly determined, be retrieved and used as an eraserbut it's when Iain Stirling — who, let us note, hasn't exactly been shy about chucking a bit of a wobbly when tasks haven't gone his way throughout the series — demands to know "where the fuck this is coming from" that he just snaps: Joe: I just feel — [Angrily] I'm just so fed up with putting, like, loads and loads of just genuine physical effort into the tasks, and then these other people come up with some wanky work-around!
I mean -- rea -- put some fucking effort in! Mark: I'm devastated it was just me, and I'm absolutely shattered to get no points out of something that, if I look back over this calendar year, is genuinely one of the major things I've done with it. Alex : after Daisy had finished There are no more swear words, as far as I can tell.
Greg: While grading the prize entries Fourth Audience boos and groans Greg: addressing the audience You shut your fucking mouths. I will put him last! Greg: Do you not know how to put a tie on? Let's all put on a tampon, and then we'll see! I genuinely do not know what they're applauding. Tablecloth Yank : In "H. Greg is a little annoyed by this. Take That! This continued in the next episode, "A Very Nuanced Character".
Happens in "Spatchcock It": Noel : There's no such thing as a carrot skipping rope. You just made that up [ Greg: You know your way around a boiled egg don't you? Rose: I do. Greg: I'll tell you why, it's because that noise - that "Oohhhh" - is the sound of a room full of adults Greg: addressing Kerry during the prize round for "Another Spoon" What did Katy bring in and can you fill a minute talking about it? Mel: It was fine!
It was- you saw there was a little bit of awkwardness. Alex: Yeah, I found you after two and a half minutes, then felt embarrassed for three days.
Mel: I made him look away and then slipped it into his box. Bob: With your head placed firmly in your hole note a canvas which they are wearing around their necks — stops to laugh. Alice: You'd bounce right off, spread the load. Greg: I'd spread my load immediately realises what he says, cue laughter and disgust Greg: So until I distribute myself Nish : I have to say, I'm starting to increasingly understand why we're being grouped together [ Alex: Is there anything you are looking for in particular?
Rylan: Not really. I'm trying to work out how I can cheat. Paul: The expression and the tears reflect what I'm going through on the inside. Dave Gorman: Introducing them as "brother and sister"'s taken on a sinister twist, hasn't it Rob Beckett: Shoes are the least of our worries. Josh Widdicombe: Greg, I felt you and I have been getting in on this show.
Josh: And I was afraid that you'd forget me, so I got a tattoo. A photo of Josh getting Greg's name tattooed on his foot appears on the screen. Jon: I'm very frustrated to have asked if you knew what "debajo de la mesa" means. Jon: I think it means "under the table". Other Contestants: big gasp. Kerry : What — what was he doing?
Greg: Oh, trust me — we're coming on to that. Doc: It was a toss of the coin for me between the Last Skeptic and my mum, and now I'm so glad. Because you lot would have just cussed my mum out for like ten minutes.
Greg: I would never have cussed your mum unless she looked like a common criminal. You lot would have just cussed my mum for ten minutes. So what have we learned today? We've learned that the Tasks set by the Taskmaster are Serious BusinessNish Kumar and Mark Watson know how to make a song in under 30 minutes, and of course, that TV Tropes will indeed ruin your life! Contestants by Series.
Aborted Arc : During initial filming of the tasks, Phil Wang originally imagined that he would develop an intense rivalry with fellow contestant James Acaster, going so far as to write "Fuck You James Acaster" in the "deliver this task to Alex" task "Lotta Soup". However, he quickly forgot about it over the course of filming and only remembered when they showed his VT for the aforementioned task.
Absurdly High-Stakes Game : The contestants have a clause in their contracts saying that they are genuinely giving up ownership for their submissions for the Prize Tasks, and are only allowed to request that the winner returns them if they lose. Prizes particularly in the early seasons can be of absurdly high value sentimental or monetary for a comedy show, including marriage certificates, wedding rings, Guinness World Record certificates and blank cheques.
This has gradually downplayed over the years as contestants have caught on and decided not to risk their prized possessions, with most prizes being either overtly absurd novelty items or, it's hinted, things that the contestants have specially bought from sites like eBay.
Accidental Pervert : On the rare occasion, the tasks are worded in what Greg suspects as a "deliberately saucy" way that can frame Alex as one. The tasks to give Alex a "special cuddle" "Dignity Intact" and to "excite Alex" as measured by his heart rate increase "Twelve Blush Majesty Two" come to mind.
Achievements in Ignorance : While playing Charades in "The FIP", Sara simply began yelling out guesses and managed to give three correct anwers even without Rob miming anything. Then a passerby randomly suggested another correct answer. When put in a squash court full of various objects and simply told "Score 11 points" with zero indication of how it's done, the winning team never actually figured out that points were scored by touching their head and just lucked out that they all tended to do it pretty regularly.
Actor Allusion : Johnny Vegas brings in a teabag for a prize task and alludes to the adverts he used to do for PG Tips tea.
Actually Pretty Funny : In Series 1, Romesh Ranganathan can at times be seen concealing a grin after Greg makes a crack at his expense, in order to maintain his Grumpy Bear persona. Greg as a general rule finds Alex's riffing in the show's intro tedious at best, or genuinely annoying.
However he does occasionally crack up and admit it when one of Alex's pieces tickles him, such as when Alex tricked him into drinking undiluted fruit cordial in Series 8. Ad Bumpers : Each section ends with specially filmed ad bumpers; the first series used the same ones each week, the second and third series used a mix of ad bumpers, but the fourth series onward has a different set of bumpers for each show.
The common link is that each bumper leading into a break will feature Alex waving goodbye, and each bumper starting a new section will have Alex showing which part of the show this is usually by holding up fingers. This wasn't the case for "BMXing", as it used leftover footage from "One Warm Prawn", specifically involving a spinning plastic lizard attached to a cordless drill, which had kept on going for just over an hour and a half.
Paul Chowdhry in "A Very Nuanced Character" was set the task of having the most fun on a bouncy castle for an hour, and clips from his attempt were used on each advert break for that episode. Mike Wozniak was givin his own special task to fart the fastest in Series 11 episode "Absolute Casserole. Ain't Too Proud to Beg : In "Fear of Failure", when it looked like Joe Wilkinson's impressive hole-in-one with a potato was going to be disqualified owing to an inadvertant rule violation, Joe became so distraught and desperate to salvage his achievement that he ended up crawling across the studio on his hands and knees to beg in front of Greg.
Greg: God, I got a real sense of power for a moment then. Greg: And that's the end of Taskmaster, good night! Don't you ever, ever do that again! I'll kick you in the leg! Kerry reading from a task letter inside "E, look under the doormat Lou: And what's the camera for?
Alex: We're going to show this on tv. Richard: How do I know when it's full, it'll overflow, will it? Alex: Yeah, you'll be able to see that with your eyes. Katherine: I can do a courgette. I can do oranges, an apple You're fine as you are. Asim: I can never tell if you two are going to fuck or fight. Greg: Frequently both. Greg: "We're basically saying there are no rules in our version of golf.
Rob Beckett: You're going to be at a loss at the end of the series, on the amount of money you've spent on- Al Murray: What price glory? Mark: Oh, I need this. I need this, yeah. So I have to give in to it. It opens with Al Murray's entry for the "do something that will look cool when sped up or slowed down" task from the previous series. The Ad-Bumpers for "I've Sinned Again" features Alex recreating past tasks using miniature figurines of the champions on the model of a field.
Those same figurines are then used by Iain Stirling for his best volcano in Series 8 episode "Stuck in a Mammal Groove" so that he can pay tribute to them. Series 5 features a call back to a different show entirely. In "A Wind-Dried Puffin", Bob Mortimer breaks an apple with his bare hands as part of the "make a water-cooler moment with this water-cooler" task. Greg then points out that he'd previously done so on an episode of Would I Lie to You?
While he admits it's still impressive, Greg thus docks Bob points because he was repeating himself. The runway which is sometimes set up for live tasks has been dubbed as "The Knappett" ever since "The Perfect Stuff" where Series 7 contestant Jessica Knappett fell off said runway for her disastrous, magnificent walk.
It even has a plaque to signify this. In the studio, Greg points out that she's the only contestant ever who has gone to the toilet mid-task while against the clock. Calvinball : A task in "Down An Octave" was one that sent the teams to a squash court, and had to score 11 points as fast as possible. They were given things to aid them such as cakes, a bucket, and squash rackets and balls. Alex in the studio later clarified the points system: Disrespecting the Taskmaster deducts 2 points, shaking your head deducts a point, but to score a point, they had to touch their head.
The Cameo : Former contestants have at times popped up to help out in challenges in later series. See The Bus Came Back above for the full list. Camera Abuse : In the credits of "Hollowing Out a Baguette," Joe Lycett tosses a chunk of cheese into the studio audience and accidentally strikes a camera. James becomes so enraged by missing a par in "Twelve Blush Majesty Two," due to the inherent problems knocking a cricket ball into a golf hole that he takes it out on the hole's flag, which has a camera attached to it.
Greg wasn't happy abut the broken camera, but he understood why he was angry. Paul Sinha knocks into a camera in "Clumpy Swayey Clumsy Man" while trialing his route to take in a task that had him blindfolded and riding a scooter. Greg does lampshade this. Greg while still laughing : I mean, absolute carnage before the blindfold has gone on!
Nish Kumar: [ during a task where he has to paint a rainbow in a darkened room, with a tone of sudden realisation ] Oh I can't see the colors! That's how this works! Greg: pointing at Alex's bare foot Do you see what I'm capable of?! Paul: It did look like an eagle, you ate the beak. Paul: Clark Kent has got the glasses Greg: Eagles have got the beaks. Paul whispering : He's a doctor.
Alex whispering : What sort of doctor, Paul? Paul whispering : Oh for fuck's sake you fucking bastard. Jessica: from an outtake of "The Pendulum Draws the Eye," referencing the javelin incident Yes, but Rhod, we can't— you've got to stop doing this! You can't just nearly kill Alex every time you have to do a task! Katy: Alex, you should tell people when you're being bullied.
Alex: mouthing I'm being bullied. Katy: I don't care.
Картинка-Медсестра - Бутырка - Икона. Четвертый Альбом (Cassette, Album), Anticop - TSOL* - Disappear (CD, Album), Metal Strike - Inertia (4) - Existential (CD, Album), Truancy - El-P - Fantastic Damage (CD, Album), Bocxvoetje - Jacob van Eyck* / Erik Bosgraaf - Der Fluyten Lust-hof (Selected Works) (CD), Clip Your Own Wings - Old Gray & Tiny Moving Parts - Old Gray & Tiny Moving Parts (Vinyl), Lookin For A Reason - Creedence Clearwater Revival - Chronicle Volume Two (Vinyl, LP), The Way She Looks At Me - N.V. - Some Kind Of Love (Cassette, Album), Pia KKK - NFW (2) - No Fucking Way III (File, Album), Hyacinth Valley - Meadowy Temple - The Residence (File, Album), Lucia - Peppino Di Capri E I Suoi Rockers - Lucia / Ce Vo Tiempo (Vinyl), Back Where You Belong - Foreigner - Double Vision (Vinyl, LP, Album)