Undoubtedly, the best is That's Entertainment! IIIwhich for the first time assembled raw unedited footage for two musical numbers and presented them as they would have looked had the film been completed with Garland. Also surviving today are Garland's prerecordings of all songs for the production.
She originally screen-tested and signed to play Helen Lawson in Valley of the Dolls The studio even provided a pool table in her dressing room at her request. Eventually, she backed out of the film and was replaced by Susan Hayward.
She kept her costume, a sequined pantsuit, and wore it while performing in concerts around the world. The character of Neely O'Hara in the film was partially based on her own history with pills, alcohol, and failed marriages. Sadly, Garland's real-life pill addiction contributed to her leaving the film.
Garland's death was attributed to an "incautious self-overdosage of Seconal. Campbell funeral home at Madison Ave. Over 22, people filed past her open coffin in 24 hours. Afterward, her body was stored in a temporary crypt for more than a year because no one had paid to move her body to a permanent resting spot.
Liza Minnelli was reportedly under the impression that Mickey Deans had made the necessary arrangements, but Deans claimed to have no money. Liza took on the task of raising the funds to have her mother properly buried at Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York. In both, her love interest played by Gene Kelly and Fred Astairerespectively says, "Why didn't you tell me I was in love with you? Liza Minnelli said Garland had planned on calling her autobiography "Ho-Hum".
Liza Minnelli originally wanted Mickey Rooney to deliver Garland's eulogy, but she was afraid that he wouldn't be able to get through it. So James Mason did it instead. She could view a piece of music once and have the entire thing memorized. Her favorite actor was Robert Donatbest known for his portrayal of the title character in Goodbye, Mr.
Chips It has resonated across The Year Summer Ended In June - Various - Under The Gun (DVD) century, enriching America's film heritage and captivating artists and audiences today". Garland discouraged her children from entering show business, pointing out her financial and health problems.
Nevertheless, Liza Minnelli and Lorna Luft became entertainers. Joey Luft lives in relative anonymity as a freelance photographer. She experienced financial difficulties in the s due to overspending, periods of unemployment, and her business manager embezzling funds.
The IRS garnished most of her concert revenues in the late s. Her financial difficulties combined with her erratic behavior due to her drug addiction helped break up her marriages and estrange her children from her a year before her death.
In any event, it was a heartbreak from which she never really recovered and which has remained a matter of some controversy ever since. Always had crooked front teeth, for which an MGM dentist fitted her with removable caps to wear in her films, including The Wizard of Oz Had 3 children: daughter, Liza Minnelli b.
March 12, with 2nd ex-husband, Vincente Minnelli and daughter, Lorna Luft b. March 29, with 3rd ex-husband, Sidney Luft. Has a special variety of rose named after her. The petals are yellow Garland adored yellow roses and the tips are bright red. It took devoted fans almost nine years after her death to find a rose company in Britain interested in naming a rose officially for her, and the Judy Garland rose didn't appear in the US until In she received a Special Tony Award "for an important contribution to the revival of vaudeville through her recent stint at the Palace Theatre".
When she married Vincente MinnelliLouis B. Mayer gave her away. Had weight problems most of her life. Drastic weight fluctuations often affected continuity in her films and can be seen in Words and Music and Summer Stock Was pregnant with her first child Liza Minnelli while filming her minor role in Till the Clouds Roll by In order to hide her pregnant stomach she was hidden behind stacks of dishes while singing "Look For The Silver Lining".
She had also recorded a song "Do You Love Me", which was cut before release. Her scenes were directed by her then husband Vincente Minnelli. So frustrated from the experience, his words in "The Other Side of The Rainbow: With Judy Garland on the Dawn Patrol" portrayed Garland as hopelessly drug-addicted, unprofessional and a horror to work with. Her daughter Lorna Luft 's godfather was Frank Sinatra. Gave birth to all three of her children via Caesarean section.
She also suffered from postpartum depression after the birth of her daughters Liza Minnelli and Lorna Luft. The famous theme song David Raksin wrote for Laura was originally entitled "Judy" in honor of her.
Was considered for the role of Careen O'Hara in Gone with the Windbut it was eventually given to Ann Rutherfordso Judy immediately began working on The Wizard of Oza film for which was considered as early as Johnnie Ray was best man at her wedding to fifth husband Mickey Deans. Did not attend the Academy Awards, where she was nominated as Best Actress for her portrayal of Vicki Lester in A Star Is Bornbecause she was in hospital after giving birth to her third child and only son Joey Luft.
She only performed "Over The Rainbow" three times during her many television appearances, which spanned 14 years. Offered the lead role in The Three Faces of Evebut turned down the role because the storyline bore too many resemblances to her own personal life. The role was then given to Joanne Woodward who went on to win the Best Actress Oscar for her performance.
The only witnesses present at her Las Vegas wedding to David Rose in were her mother and stepfather. During this marriage she was forced to undergo an abortion at the insistence of MGM studio head Louis B. Mayer who feared that pregnancy would hurt her good-girl image. The event reportedly left her traumatized for the rest of her life. Garland filed for divorce from Dave Rose on May 5, on the grounds of incompatibility. In a performance of "Come Rain Or Come Shine" on her variety show on CBS TV, though forgetting some of the words and seemingly "out of sync" with the orchestra she still managed to give a quite powerful and memorable performance.
Louis She performed with her sisters at the World's Fair in Chicago, in the Old Mexico Club on the infamous midway, where Sally Rand was the main attraction. They sold out every night. Eventually, both Mick and Elaine relented to her pleas and they smothered her as she slept. Mick and Elaine were both arrested on suspicion of murder, and following a bitter and acrimonious court case, Mick was eventually acquitted of Gladys's murder.
However, his marriage to Elaine was over and they quickly divorced, with unlucky Mick becoming a single father once again. Max Farnham, Steven The Year Summer Ended In June - Various - Under The Gun (DVD) was introduced as a young, middle-class professional businessman in and he had a turbulent residence at number 7 Brookside Close.
Patricia Gabrielle Glaisterhis second wife, suffered breast cancer and had to endure the regular returns of Max's first wife, Susannah Karen Drurywho was determined to win him back, bringing their two young children Matthew and Emily in tow.
Patricia's parents David and Jean Crosbie Marcia Ashton moved into number 6 inand David took over the petrol station franchise on Brookside Parade. Although he wasn't guilty, Patricia refused to believe him and left him, taking Alice and Thomas to live in France. Her mother joined them soon after. Following a quick divorce from Patricia later that year, Max remarried his first wife, Susannah, and following the death of their two children, Emily and Matthew in an April car crash where Susannah was driving, they became involved in a lengthy surrogacy storyline with Jacqui Dixon Alexandra Fletcher after Susannah discovered she could no longer have children as a result of an infection caused by injuries sustained in the crash.
Max was then abruptly written out in  when Steven Pinder decided to leave Brookside after almost nine years. His character's exit was unpopular and involved a retconned storyline where Max had supposedly had a year-long affair with a woman called Faye, never before mentioned in the script.
Like many of the families who came and went in Brooksidethe Dixon family also ended in divorce after Ron Vince Earl had an affair with Bev McLoughlin Sarah Whitewhich ended his long marriage to his first wife Deborah "D. D" O'Farrell Irene Marot who then left the series. Ron and Bev lived together for a while, renaming number 8 Cassa-Bevron.
Later inRon met and remarried an old flame, Anthea Brindley Barbara Hatwellthe mother of his long-lost and quickly forgotten daughter, Megan, who looked identical to his Ron's other daughter Jacqui.
This was alleged to be an act of 'self-defence', but resulted in Ron spending six months in prison. This storyline was based on the real-life case involving Tony Martin who shot an intruder on his property in an alleged act of self-defence. The viewing figures for Brookside had been steadily declining since their peak in and although the series was certainly still popular, Phil Redmond dated the beginning of the decline of Brookside to and changes in the programming policy of Channel 4, which he claims began that year.
Channel 4 chief executive Michael Jackson was reported to be concerned about the serial's falling ratings, which had by now dropped significantly to below five million viewers and was said to be considering cancelling and replacing Brookside. Attempts to boost ratings with explosions, shootings and underworld gangster storylines had also drawn substantial criticism from television watchdogs.
In response to the scathing criticism and falling ratings, there were attempts at a renewed and more grounded approach to storylining after the frenetic pace of the previous few years.
The Anglo-Irish Musgrove family arrived at number 8,  renting the property from Ron Dixon, however, the Shadwicks, who bought number 6, were perhaps the more successful family introduced at around the same time.
The introduction of these two families also heralded one of Brookside's longest-running story arcs, which linked the two new families; the date rape of Nikki Shadwick Suzanne Collins at a Christmas party held at number 5, home of the Johnsons. For the whole ofNikki accused neighbour Luke Musgrove Jason Kavannah of the attack and he was arrested on suspicion of rape, however, following a lengthy court case, he was found not guilty. After this and consistently denying the allegations, Luke then confessed to Nikki that he had, in fact, raped her that fateful night.
The Musgroves were extremely unpopular and were described as "ghastly" by critics, and with ratings continuing to slide, the entire family was quickly written out in January and they fled Liverpool overnight The Year Summer Ended In June - Various - Under The Gun (DVD) shame at Luke's confession of rape. However, in another British soap opera first, the character of teenage cannabis smoker Matt Musgrove Kristian Ealey immediately transferred to Brookside's sister-soap Hollyoaks where the character stayed until Sinbad who Harry called " Popeye " and Jimmy Corkhill, the only familiar faces from his time on the Close, looked after him until Harry's son Kevin Stuart Organ arrived to collect him and take him home to St Helen's.
Despite the attempts to return to being a more realistic and issue-led soap opera again, Brookside had ultimately become synonymous with plots involving guns and explosions, with no fewer than six catastrophic fires and explosions taking place during the soap's final few years.
Someone in the production team must take a perverse pleasure in watching blue flashing lights and fire engines". This was shortly before the soap was dropped from Graham's satirical page reviewing weekly soap opera plots, with Brookside' s column handed over to BBC Radio 4 rural-soap The Archers. The series was becoming less and less popular and as viewers abandoned Brooksideso did the support of the TV magazines and press. Inthe Murrays, a likeable family, were introduced and moved into number 9.
They were the creation of the soap's penultimate producer, Paul Marquesswho joined Brookside after working on Channel 4 and Sky One 's co-produced supernatural soap Springhill also set in Liverpool. The Murray family were an important and key part of another attempted revamp of Brookside this year, and featured the popular singer Bernie Nolan in her first acting role, as Diane Murray, second wife of Marty Neil Caple and step-mother to Steve Stephen FletcherAdele Katy Lamont and young Anthony Ray Quinn — Diane's mother, Bridget McKenna veteran actress Meg Johnson became a series regular at this time as well.
The producers surprisingly revived some past characters and they brought back lovable loud-mouth Bev McLoughlin Sarah White. Sammy Rogers' old school friend Nisha Batra Sunetra Sarker made an unexpected return, and a previous guest character, Leanne Powell Vickie Gateswas reintroduced and she became the series new comedy character.
Mick Johnson also had a visit from his long-departed former wife Josie Suzanne Packeralthough staying true to form, she didn't stick around for long, this time taking her daughter with her after Gemma's experimentation with the illegal clubbers' drug Ecstasy. The return of the popular character Bev McLoughlin and the Murrays succeeded in sparking new viewer interest in Brookside and the Murray family became central to various plots, although many were considered retreads of previously explored issues; these included Diane's lengthy IVF treatment, daughter Adele's Katy Lamont under-age pregnancy and abortion, and young Anthony's Ray Quinn powerful bullying storyline, which culminated in Anthony accidentally killing vindictive schoolgirl Imelda Clough.
Bev, meanwhile, became central to proceedings when she became the owner of the bar on Brookside Paraderenaming it Bev's Bar. The Liverpool 'scally' aspect, always traditionally at the heart of Brooksidewas still strong at this time with eldest Murray son Steve Steven Fletcher teaming up with Tim 'Tinhead' O'Leary Philip Olivierwho had married the rejuvenated character Emily Shadwick Jennifer Ellison who had been transformed from a shy, quiet, schoolgirl to a teenage, sexed-up vixen.
Tim and Emily moved in with the increasingly isolated Jimmy Corkhill at cursed number 10, providing storylines for the character following the exit of his daughter Lindsey and his wife Jackie after a poorly received lesbian love-triangle involving Lindsey, Jackie, and Shelley Bowers.
The shorthand explanation is I'm giving up the lesbian-affair-with-the-mother-in-law syndrome. We've been there, done that and patented the T-shirt.
Although the allegations against Sinbad were proven false, many on the Close refused to believe his innocence and the formerly upbeat and jolly character departed Brookside Close after 16 years under a cloud.
Although to a small degree Brookside's terminal ratings slide since its peak had been temporarily halted, plots started going around in circles before finally being resolved with Nikki Shadwick's date-rape storyline, Diane Murray's infatuation with pregnancy, and the long drawn-out breakdown of Jimmy and Jackie Corkhill's marriage being good examples of this. Another long term character, the notoriously accident prone Susannah Morrisey, was finally killed off when she fell down the stairs of number 7.
This became a successful 'Whodunnit' plotline which involved jilted former-lover Mick Johnson Louis Emerickvengeful Emily Shadwick Jennifer Ellison and returned former husband Max Farnham Stephen Pinder are all put in the frame when it is discovered that Susannah may have been pushed to her death. This was arguably the last time Brookside made a significant impact in the ratings, being pushed back up The Year Summer Ended In June - Various - Under The Gun (DVD) over 6 million when Max was revealed to be the culprit, although a final twist was revealed in flashback; Susannah had actually tripped over a toy as she argued with Max at the top of the stairs resulting in the fatal fall.
All murder charges were dropped, leaving Max free to marry his previous next-door neighbour, Jacqui Dixon Alexandra Fletcherwho became his third wife in Max and Jacqui continued to live at number 7 where Max had resided with his previous two wives, before they swapped houses with Ron Dixon Vince Earl next door at number 8, where Jacqui had previously lived with her family.
Mick Johnson, played by Louis Emerick for over 12 years, then fled the Close after a suicide attempt, and Jimmy Corkhill descended into madness, eventually being diagnosed bipolarbut these were storylines which, to viewers and critics alike, obviously demonstrated the writers were running out of steam and there were serious questions about the lack of direction the soap was now heading. Brookside had been renewed in but the four-year contract renewal period ended in Novemberby which point Paul Marquess left to become producer of ITV 's long-running police drama The Bill.
By this time, Brookside had become a far less important part of Channel 4's programming. Ratings had dropped to less than three million, and although regularly airing three times a week in prime timesometimes double episodes were shown back-to-back and the audience could not keep up with the constant moves around the schedules to accommodate Channel 4's newer programming, including ' reality ' shows such as Location, Location, LocationProperty LadderGrand Designsand to a much greater extent, the ratings powerhouse Big Brotherwhich started on Channel 4 in During latefollowing a failed attempt by Channel 4 to lure former producer Mal Young back to the series,  Phil Redmond resumed total control of Brookside  to take the programme through its 20th anniversary, and he pledged to return the ailing programme back to its former glory.
Furthermore, after years of broken homes and waifs-and-strays making up the core-cast of Brooksideanother new family arrived and the hard-working, middle class, Gordon family moved into number 5 in Maywhich had been vacated by Mick Johnson. But, as Alan John BurtonDebbie Annette Ekblom and their four teenage children settled into life on the Close, also running the petrol station on Brookside Paradethe comparisons to the earlier and popular Grant family were obvious, but their arrival did absolutely nothing to halt the rapid ratings decline.
The Gordons were considered miscast and generally unlikeable. Their eldest daughter Ruth Lynsey McCaffrey had returned home with her young son Luke Callum Giblin and new boyfriend Dan Matthew Crompton following her failed marriage to Sean Smith Barry Sloane ; meanwhile, the young teenage scallies Stuart David Lyon and Ali Kris Mocherrie were regularly seen tormenting their other sister, Kirsty Jessicca Noonwho had also returned home just as the Gordon's moved into number 5 after a stint travelling.
Just as Phil Redmond had promised in his vision of the new-look Brooksidecharacters were once again seen debating political and environmental issues of the time, and the Gordons were often seen discussing topics over the dinner table, much like the Grant family in the early years.
However, critics on websites such as Off the Telly argued that the Gordons lacked any on-screen chemistry and this meant that scenes such as these were often forced and were viewed as contrived.
A much more grounded approach to storylining had been attempted during along with the influx of new characters but the programme's ratings failed to pick up. As the serial approached its 20th anniversary, ratings dropped to below 1. Channel 4 was committed to Brookside contractually until November and this move was widely seen as damage limitation — the removal of the problem series from primetime would cease the channel's dwindling audience share and Brookside would quietly die playing out on Saturday afternoons.
The announcement coincided exactly with the 20th Anniversary of Brooksideand it was something of a blow considering the programme was celebrating the milestone on-screen a brand new look: a post-production film-effect was added, a new title sequence launched with an updated theme tune — and all this started with a highly dramatic multi-episode story arc that saw the return of Lindsey Corkhill for a guest stint, not surprisingly arriving just as armed drug dealers sped onto the Close, hotly pursued by police.
The November anniversary siege began with four armed drug dealers, having taken a wrong turn, cornered in the small cul-de-sac. In desperation, they raided some houses on the Close to take cover and took many residents hostage in their homes.
These were highly graphic and violent scenes and signalled the end of the relatively low-key, character-led storylines of — these highly dramatic episodes were designed to shock: in the storyline, teenagers Ali and Kirsty Gordon were violently terrorised at gunpoint in number 5, Steve Murray was shot and dumped unconscious outside the front door of number 9, Nikki Shadwick was almost raped againand her sister, Emily O'Leary, fell to her death from an upstairs window of number 10, terrified and desperately trying to escape.
Marty Murray was beaten and locked in a cupboard, there was the implied rape of Kirsty Gordon, blatant abuse of the drug cocaineextremely strong language, and a realistic portrayal of a deranged, drug addicted bank robber called Terry 'Psycho' Gibson by Greg Milburn. The siege ran over several episodes and culminated the following week in a spectacular stunt involving a police helicopter which was gunned down by Gibson and then spectacularly crashed onto the Brookside Parade car park, exploded, and instantly killed off the popular character Diane Murray.
The stunt was vaguely reminiscent of the plane crash storyline in Emmerdalewhich Redmond had himself devised for that flagging series inwith the storyline now praised as saving the series from cancellation.
However, the helicopter crash could not save Brookside and the storyline was ultimately criticised as being completely unrealistic and ultimately unsuitable for pre-watershed viewing and, in particular, during the Saturday evening omnibus, broadcast from On 30 NovemberBrookside quietly transferred to its new 'graveyard' Saturday afternoon slot, typically starting at around pm, and the programme was optimistically retooled to fit the new minute daytime only slot.
With an obviously significantly reduced budget, storylines would now revolve around only a handful of characters, often in just one location, giving the programme a much slower pace. Brookside Parade was phased out of the storyline, the entire set handed over to Hollyoaks to become the students' university bar. The recently introduced Gordon family started to be written out and the abrupt disappearance and eventual death of Alan in the siege aftermath, followed shortly after by Debbie dying in an unconvincing car crash, gave the remaining family a depressive on-screen presence.
With long, 90 minute episodes featuring endless scenes of shouting, arguing and crying as the Gordon children dealt with the reality of becoming orphansit became impossible for viewers to have sympathy for the unpopular characters that had been poorly integrated into the series and been given very little to do. Inand now with a much reduced cast, storylines focused strongly on Brookside's most popular remaining characters in more self-contained episodes, such as Bev's troubled relationship with her young son Josh Jack McMullen and the developing relationship between Jimmy Corkhill and Nikki Shadwick.
Nikki had been raped, stalked, held hostage, and her father, brother and sister had all been killed during her time in Brookside Close. With her mother, Margi, now living abroad, she became increasingly dependent on Jimmy and started to see him as a father figure, even agreeing to look after Jimmy so that he could be released from secure psychiatric care.
Following the siege, however, she had a brief relationship with the sniper who had rescued her, Matt Henderson Jamie Lomasbut when that storyline was quickly abandoned during the jarring transition to the minute block format, Nikki began to become romantically interested in Jimmy. After pursuing him for some time, viewers cringed when the two slept together, but knowing a relationship would be impossible, the two resolved to move on.
Ultimately though, Jimmy called off the wedding when he suspected he may have lung cancer although it later transpired to be asbestosisso Margi jumped on the first plane back to Brussels leaving Nikki all alone at number 6 once again until long running characters Sammy and Katie Rogers eventually moved back to the Close as Nikki's lodgers.
Further low-key storylines in the final year of Brookside included following Mike Paul Byatt and Rachel Dixon's Tiffany Chapman continuous problems with debt before they finally settled down away from the Close with their daughter Beth. Long serving character Katie Rogers Diane Burke found love with Nic Howard James Sarsfield and gave birth to their baby girl, although it was left up to the viewer to decide whether Katie and Nic were eventually married when they left the Close for Florida in the closing episodes.
Anthony Murray's harrowing bullying storyline was happily resolved and his parents, Marty Neil Caple and recently returned real mum Jan Helen Shealseventually reconciled and remarried. Bev and Ron Dixon also got back together, finally forgiving all the problems of their chequered pasts, they gave their relationship another chance and got married, with young Josh Jack McMullen completing their happy family.
Some viewers were surprised to discover, however, that long-running characters Max and Jacqui Farnham had left Brookside off-screen, with Ron making a scripted, off-hand remark about their departure to a new life in Woolton. Channel 4 officially announced the end of Brookside on 11 Juneand the final episode would be shown just two days after its 21st Anniversary in November.
The programme was then moved again to what would become its final timeslot, on Tuesdays in a minute format, with times varying but always after 11 pm. The later time slot allowed the soap to introduce scenes of a more darker feel, with bad language being frequently used in the last few episodes. A final story arc, introduced eight weeks before the last episode, saw some of the off-screen Brookside Close residents selling-up to a company called Cinerco.
The company intended to demolish part of the Close for the construction of an access road to a new waste incinerator site. The remaining characters of Brookside Close once again began integrating with each other as they dealt with the reality of losing their homes to the highly contentious plans. Taking full advantage of the new late-night timeslot, the writers reintroduced the raw language frequented in early episodes whilst unmotivated violence and drug abuse could now be seen in abundance.
This approach, once again, did nothing to improve the ratings, having now fallen well below , although during the final six weeks, a rawness and energy previously captured in the very early years made a surprising return with a new character, the despised drug-dealer Jack Michaelson Paul Duckworthwho moved into the recently vacated number 8. The fact that the entire neighbourhood was about to be demolished was an obvious plot loop hole, but the character nevertheless became the focus of the end of Brookside as all the remaining residents found themselves seriously affected by his destructive presence.
Meanwhile, the rest of Brookside Close began to be boarded-up as the other residents started to move away. In the extended final episode, screened at and divided into five parts, Brookside shocked the audience one last time with the remaining residents of Brookside Close taking a stand against Michaelson, lynching him from number 8's bedroom window.
Written by creator Phil Redmond, the final episode started exactly the same way episode one had begun 21 years previously, with a milkman delivering provisions to the residents of the Close. This time, however, he was greeted with the sight of Jack's dead body hanging from his bedroom window. When the police started investigating, all of the residents on Brookside Close gave false alibis, thus protecting each other from prosecution over Jack's murder.
As had been seen in Brookside before, the culprits of the lynching were not revealed, with several characters seen to have the same blue rope with which Jack was hanged. Encouraged by the return of Barry GrantTim O'Leary, Steve Murray, and the remaining Gordon lads were all seen contemplating killing Jack, and whilst Jimmy Corkhill was also aware there was a plan, the only male resident in ignorance of what was happening was Ron Dixon.
During the darkness of the night, three masked residents broke into Jack's house and suspended him from the front window; however, this is all that was revealed to the audience.
In the last part of the episode, Phil Redmond had his final say in a rebellious scripted rant criticising religion, urban migration, public ignorance and the prohibition of drugs, which was voiced by Brookside's longest-running character, Jimmy, sat in an armchair on the front lawn of number Jimmy was also the last resident of Brookside Close to leave their house.
Though films like Ghostbusters had demonstrated that television stars could lead a blockbuster film, other television actors like Shelley Long and Bill Cosby had failed in their recent attempts to make the transition. He's an ordinary guy who's been thrown into extraordinary circumstances". Rickman was already in his early 40s as he made his screen debut as Hans Gruber. He was cast by Silver, who had seen him perform in a Broadway version of Les Liaisons Dangereusesplaying the villainous Vicomte de Valmont.
His role was shot in chronological order over three weeks. McTiernan had wanted the character to be suave like actor Cary Grantbut Bochner conceived of the character's motivations coming from cocaine use and insecurity. McTiernan hated the performance initially until he noticed Gordon and Silver were entertained by Bochner's antics.
Screenwriter Steven E. He said, "If [Gruber] had not planned the robbery and put it together, [McClane] would have just gone to the party and reconciled or not with his wife. You should sometimes think about looking at your movie through the point of view of the villain who is really driving the narrative.
The script continued to undergo changes up to and during filming. Several subplots and traits for characters other than McClane were created during the first few weeks of filming because Willis was still working on Moonlighting.
He would film the show for up to ten hours and then work on Die Hard at night. McTiernan gave Willis time off to rest and tasked De Souza with adding the new scenes. These included scenes with Holly's housekeeper, Holly confronting Gruber following Takagi's death, an introductory scene for Thornburg, and more moments between Powell and his fellow officers.
Silver wanted a scene between McClane and Gruber before the film's denouement but De Souza could not think of a plausible scenario until he happened to overhear Rickman affecting an American accent. He realized this would allow Gruber to disguise himself when he met McClane, and the earlier scene of Takagi's murder was reworked to conceal Gruber's identity from McClane.
He did not want to use terrorists as the villains, as he considered them to be "too mean", and avoided focusing on the terrorists' politics in favor of making them thieves driven by monetary pursuits; he felt this would make it more suitable summer entertainment.
McClane's character was not fully realized until almost halfway through production. McTiernan and Willis had determined that McClane is a man who does not like himself much but is doing the best he can in a bad situation. Cinematographer Jan de Bont said the building's design was distinct, making it The Year Summer Ended In June - Various - Under The Gun (DVD) character on its own, and clear views of the building were available from a distance, enabling establishing shots as McClane approaches it.
The surrounding city could be seen from within the building, enhancing the realism. Very little of the film was storyboarded beforehand because De Bont believed intricate storyboarding made his job redundant. Instead, he and McTiernan would discuss that day's filming in detail, and the feeling or sensation they wanted to convey. De Bont was more concerned with creating a dramatic rather than an attractive shot. He cited the use of real flares in the film that generated unpredictable smoke and sometimes obscured the image.
Willis's first day on set was on November 2, He came straight from filming Moonlighting to shoot one of his most pivotal scenes, where McClane leaps from a rooftop as it explodes behind him, saved only by a length of firehose.
In contrast to their on-screen dynamics, Bedelia and VelJohnson spent most of their time between scenes with Rickman. The film's ending had not been finalized when filming began.
In the finished film, Theo retrieves an ambulance from the truck the terrorists arrived in to use as an escape vehicle, but as this was a late addition, the truck the terrorists had been filmed arriving in was too small to hold an ambulance. Another scene, showing the terrorists synchronizing their TAG Heuer watches, also showed the truck was empty; this scene had to be deleted, leading to other necessary changes.
As scripted, McClane realizes that the American hostage he encounters is Gruber because of the distinctive TAG Heuer watch he observed on the other terrorists; the watches were no longer an established plot point.
De'voreaux actually punched Gilyard during the scene, which was added in only in the last 10 days of filming. There was flexibility with some roles, depending on the actors' performances, meaning some characters were kept in the film longer and others killed off sooner.
He recruited Frank J. Urioste and John F. Link to edit scenes together while in mid-motion, contrary to the mainstream style of editing used at the time. Let It Snow! Kamen initially saw a mostly incomplete version of Die Hard and was unimpressed.
McTiernan did not like a piece created for the final scene where Karl attempts to kill McClane, and decided to use a temporary track that was already in place; a piece of James Horner 's unused score for Aliens Cues are also used from the action film Man on Fire.
The perception of film stunts changed shortly before production of Die Hard following a fatal accident on the set of the Twilight Zone: The Movieand a push was made to prioritize a film's crew over the film itself. The stunt involved a foot 7. He considered it to be one of his toughest stunts. A set was used for the following scene where McClane shoots out a window to re-enter the building.
It was shot approximately halfway into the filming schedule so that all involved had gained more stunt experience. The window was made of fragile sugar glass that took two hours to set up, and there were only a few takes for this reason.
Instead of a hoist, a team of stuntmen positioned below the window dragged the hose and pulled Willis towards the edge, as they could better control Willis's fall if he went over. For Gruber's fall from Nakatomi Plaza, Rickman was dropped between 20 and 70 feet 6 and 21 m ; reports are inconsistent. Rickman had to fall backward onto the bag, something stuntmen avoid to control their fall. McTiernan said, "there's no way he could fake that".
Capturing the stunt was difficult because it was impossible for a human operator to refocus the camera fast enough to prevent the image from blurring as Rickman fell away. Despite these innovations, the camera struggled to keep Rickman entirely in focus during his 1. To complete Gruber's fatal descent, Bates was lowered feet 97 m from Fox Plaza in a harness that slowed his fall as he neared the ground. A railing knocked over during shooting was never replaced.
In the scene where McClane throws C4 down the elevator shaft to stop the assault, the effects team unwittingly blew out every window on one floor of the building. It took three attempts above Fox Plaza, and nine camera crews filming with twenty-four different cameras. Mortar-like devices filled with propane were used for explosions. They took ten minutes to install and offered a six-second burst of flame. To prevent the in-building locations looking similar because of the standard fluorescent office lighting, De Bont concealed small film lights in high locations.
He controlled these to create more dynamic and dramatic lighting. This gave him the opportunity to use unusual light positioning. He also placed fluorescent tubes on the floor in one scene to indicate they had not been installed.
The Nakatomi Building's 30th floor—where the hostages are held—was one of the few sets. De Govia's reasoning was that it reflected the contemporary trend of Japanese corporations buying up American corporate assets. An early design for the Nakatomi logo was too reminiscent of a swastika and it was re-designed to look closer to a Samurai warrior's helmet.
A foot-long m matte painting provided the city backdrop as viewed from inside the building's 30th floor. It featured animated lights and other lighting techniques to present both moving traffic, daytime and nighttime. The summer of was expected by film industry executives to be dominated by action and comedy films, although a broader range of films was released that year.
Die Hard was singled out for Willis's salary, and the failure earlier that year of his previous film, the western Sunsetwhich brought into question his leading man capabilities. The larger salaries paid to these stars were based on the built-in audience they could attract to a film's opening week, with good word of mouth supporting the film thereafter, but Willis did not have a built-in audience.
Willis featured prominently in the film's early marketing campaign, but it underwent several changes as the film's release date drew nearer. His refusal to address this, or speak about his personal life to the media, had reinforced this perception.
For his part, Willis said that he wanted the media to focus on his acting. As 20th Century Fox's confidence in Willis's appeal faltered, the film's posters were changed The Year Summer Ended In June - Various - Under The Gun (DVD) focus on Nakatomi Plaza, with Willis's name billed in tiny print.
Explaining why he was more involved in the promotion for Die HardWillis said, "I'm so excited about this film To me, it represents why I wanted to be an actor. Instead, positive reviews and the limited release had made it a "must-see" film. It also showed the action genre was not "dead". Initial critical reviews of Die Hard were mixed.
McTiernan's direction was praised. Critics were conflicted over Willis's performance. Huffhines wrote that the performance improved as Willis hewed closer to his own working class background. Writing for The Washington PostHal Hinson complimented Willis's "grace and physical bravado" that allowed him stand alongside the likes of Stallone and Schwarzenegger.
Conversely Vincent Canby said he lacked "toughness". He acknowledged it was difficult to perform when acting only against special effects. Rickman's performance was praised. The action and violence were criticized by many reviewers. He believed it was the result of a calculated effort to please the broadest possible audience, and concluded that it had squandered its potential as an intelligent thriller for "numbing" violence and carnage.
He described it as a "nearly perfect movie for our time", designed to appeal to audiences Canby described as "kidults"—adults with the mindset of children. Schickel believed it to be a cynical scene that undermined the humanity formed between McClane and Powell, by having Powell find redemption for his own mistakes through violence.
Hinson believed the audience was deliberately manipulated into cheering for the act. And now you've turned into an idiot! BassmanKevin F. The set also includes a standard Blu-ray and digital download. A limited-edition steelbook case version was also released. Die Hard merchandise includes clothing, Funko Popscoloring and activity books, crockery, Christmas jumpers and ornaments, and an illustrated Christmas book retelling the film.
The TurboGrafx edition begins with McClane fighting terrorists in a jungle; the NES version offers a "foot meter" that slows McClane's movements after he repeatedly steps on shattered glass. Players choose either McClane or secondary character Chris Thompsen to battle through Nakatomi Plaza, defeat terrorists led by White Fang, and rescue the President's daughter.
Die Hard: The Ultimate Visual History —a book chronicling the development of the Die Hard film series—was released in to coincide with the film's 30th anniversary. Die Hard has been described by critics such as Richard Brody and Chris Hewitt as a story about obtaining redemption through violence. McClane comes to Los Angeles to save his marriage, but makes the same mistakes that drove Holly away; Brody and Hewitt suggest that it is only after McClane defeats the terrorists through violence that their marriage is seemingly reconciled.
Ebert notes the more even-tempered characters—often African American—fare better. Brody said that McClane endures physical punishment, including his feet being cut by glass shards to create a bloody " stigmata ". In making these sacrifices, he salvages his family.
In this sense, McClane can be seen as a modern, working-class Christ -like figure. Alexander Boon compares McClane violently reclaiming his wife to the Greek figure Odysseus slaughtering his wife's suitors. McClane is rewarded for his masculinity, despite demonstrating negative male traits. The pair share a non-romantic intimacy that enables McClane to confess his failings as a husband in a way he did not with Holly, allowing McClane to grow as a person.
Peter Parshall observed that McClane and Gruber are reflections of each other. Willis believes that if given the choice, McClane would pass the responsibility of dealing with the terrorists on to anyone else, but he is forced to serve as a reluctant hero.
Scott Tobias wrote this serves as a symbol of his marital commitment. Holly is presented as the opposite; she uses her maiden name and is not wearing her wedding ring. Instead, she is gifted a Rolex watch by her employers, serving as a symbol of her commitment to her job and the division in her marriage. When McClane unclasps the watch at the film's end to free Holly from Gruber's grasp, the totem of their separation is broken, and they appear to have reconciled.
Parshall describes the negative portrayals of female characters in Die Hard. They appear sexualized in pin-up posterssuggest drinking while pregnant, or are away from their families on Christmas Eve at a work function. Holly takes a position of authority following her boss's death, but that power is delegated to her by Gruber, and it is used in traditionally feminine ways, to care for her colleagues. Takagi is replaced in Holly's life with a different dominant male, McClane.
In response, an American cowboy saves the day, rescuing his captured wife from a foreign-owned tower. Die Hard has elements that are anti-government, anti-bureaucracy and anti-corporation. McClane responds "so my captain keeps telling me", suggesting that he operates outside of bureaucratically approved procedures.
They believe they are in control of events, unaware the terrorists have already anticipated their every action. The corporation hosts a party on Christmas Eve, keeping employees away from their families, and the villains cynically appropriate Christmas iconographies.
By defeating them, McClane upholds tradition and defends society. Alongside the mainly German group of terrorists, Nakatomi Plaza is owned by a Japanese corporation, and the hostages are American. The A. Club noted that unlike many other s films, Die Hard is not an allegory for the Vietnam War. The film mocks the idea when one FBI agent remarks that their helicopter assault is reminiscent of the war; his partner responds that at the time he was only in middle school.
Before Die Hard ' s release, action films often starred muscle-bound men like Schwarzenegger and Stallone, who portrayed invincible, infallible, catchphrase-spouting heroes in unrealistic settings. Willis's portrayal of John McClane redefined the action genre, presenting a normal person with an average physique completely counter to that archetype. He is failing, both personally and professionally, and serves as a vulnerable, identifiable hero who openly sobs, admits his fear of death, and sustains lasting damage.
Importantly, his one-liners do not come from a place of superiority over his foes, but as a nervous reaction to the extreme situation in which he finds himself, which he is only able to overcome through enduring suffering and using his own initiative.
Similarly, Rickman's portrayal of Gruber redefined action villains who had previously been bland figures or eccentric madmen. Gruber ushered in the clever nemesis; he is an educated, intelligent villain, who serves as the antithesis of the hero.
Rickman described the role as a "huge event" in his life. Die Hard raised Willis from television stardom to worldwide recognition and brought fame to Rickman. It was expected that salaries for major stars would increase significantly to ensure they were paid more than a newer star like Willis. Fox Plaza has become a popular tourist attraction, although the building itself cannot be toured.
I TV team, keeps the same UX, but it's much faster at everything and it doesn't crash. Google TV OS 'better reflects how people watch video in ,' says the Times' 'Wirecutter' column, which had selected Roku the previous nine years.
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