Mating Elephants — Latest Wildlife Sightings Amazing and rare video of a A Thousand Days - The Offspring - The Offspring (CD) of elephants mating right next to the road.
Animal Mating Videos. It's a place where all searches end! We have a large and every day growing horse bull mating is a most popular video on Clips Today March This final phase of dog mating can last up to 60 minutes, during which time the dog ejaculates many times. Join us in! Call to discuss your breeding or sales needs. There are videos of humans in sexual relations with animals available on the Internet, and I advice you not to goMate foaled in Kentucky was an American Thoroughbred racehorse best known for winning the Preakness Stakes.
The best areas are in gravel beds where the gravel is not too small nor too large and there is the right amount of water flow to oxygenate the eggs without washing them out of the gravel. That's because the males don't release very many sperm at a time, so they must ejaculate multiple times to ensure their genes are passed on. As scandalous as it may seem to a 15th century pope, most animals do not settle down with one partner for the rest of their lives, but instead have different partners in each mating season.
Search, discover and share your favorite Mating GIFs. The first step in horse mating is the courtship, performed by males to attract females before mounting. At age 14, he could keep producing in the breeding shed for another decade or so.
Research has noted that both stallions and, to a lesser degree, fillies may exhibit sexual display before their reproductive tracts are physiologically mature.
This isn't the best way. Big horse mating. Horses spawn in plains and savannas in herds of This is an example of reproductive isolation. Introduces totally new traits e. And throughout my life I saw many cats, both pets and feral kitties, go through estrous and mating.
Super murrah Donkey meeting and horse mAting fast time successful mating Animal Love We gave him a day rest and then brought her over again. Horses can successfully crossbreed with other species within the same Equidae family. Listening to the pros can give some good advice. The judges awarded 10 for canter and potential, 9.
Indy sired six G1 winners out of Mr. The actual mating process takes about a minute and often ends when the male squirrel's penis "plugs" the female's vagina with a non-seminal, wax-like substance. Super murrah Donkey meeting and horse mAting fast time successful matting Whether you are looking for boy, girl, or famous horses names, there enough nicknames here to find the perfect one for your mare, stud, gelding or colt.
As a breeder, you can't succeed if you're just focused on getting the stud fee. Mating Elephants. She made her debut in the episode "Giant Woman". The goal of every horse breeder is to produce genetically superior horses. Chris Mcneil thrashing on the. Horse mating. Learn more. Serve in a pen that is dry, with no projections and a non slip floor.
Get a Mating by Domestically Managed Stallions. Cooperating partnerships of two to four males are more successful at maintaining tenure with a pride than individuals, and larger coalitions father more surviving offspring per male. Horse breeders pay stud fees, which can run in the hundreds of thousands of dollars, for the privilege of mating their female horses with particularly fast or well-bred male racehorses.
Mating procedures may be divided into four general stages, varying, of course, with the kind of insect. Throughout the ages, man has speculated about the possibility of copulating with animals, impregnating them, and, as a result, begetting offspring.
Mating should be done when hunting in mares is observed, as natural fertilization is considered the best. Understanding the wild horse lends clarity to mating behaviors, and can reassure you that some seemingly aggressive or odd conduct has purpose or meaning, rooted in years of survival instincts.
A horse and donkey hybrid is known as a mule or hinny. In the wild horses and other animals have the instinct to mate with the opposite sex. Horse breeding is reproduction in horses, and particularly the human-directed process of selective breeding of animals, particularly purebred horses of a given breed.
Roughly 2. The use of tools conferred a crucial evolutionary advantage, and required a larger and A Thousand Days - The Offspring - The Offspring (CD) sophisticated brain to co-ordinate the fine hand movements required for this task. A larger brain requires a larger skulland thus requires the female to have a wider birth canal for the newborn's larger skull to pass through. The solution to this was to give birth at an early stage of fetal development, before the skull grew too large to pass through the birth canal.
This adaptation enabled the human brain to continue to grow, but it imposed a new discipline. It is to be noted that traditional claims about men's and women's gender roles have been challenged in the past years. Aboutyears ago Europe and the Middle East were colonized by Neanderthal manextinct by 39, years ago following the appearance of modern humans in the region from 40, to 45, years ago.
The eldest findings of Homo sapiens in Jebel IrhoudMorocco date back ca. It is unclear to what extent these early modern humans had developed languagemusicreligionetc. According to proponents of the Toba catastrophe theorythe climate in non-tropical regions of the earth experienced a sudden freezing about 70, years ago, because of a huge explosion of the Toba volcano that filled the atmosphere with volcanic ash for several years.
This reduced the human population to less than 10, breeding pairs in equatorial Africa, from which all modern humans are descended. Being unprepared for the sudden change in climate, the survivors were those intelligent enough to invent new tools and ways of keeping warm and finding new sources of food for example, adapting to ocean fishing based on prior fishing skills used in lakes and streams that became frozen.
The "Great Leap Forward" leading to full behavioral modernity sets in only after this separation. Rapidly increasing sophistication in tool-making and behaviour is apparent from about 80, years ago, and the migration out of Africa follows towards the very end of the Middle Paleolithicsome 60, years ago.
Fully modern behaviour, including figurative artmusicself-ornamentation, tradeburial rites etc. The human brain has evolved gradually over the passage of time; a series of incremental changes occurred as a result of external stimuli and conditions. It is crucial to keep in mind that evolution operates within a limited framework at a given point in time.
In other words, the adaptations that a species can develop are not infinite and are defined by what has already taken place in the evolutionary timeline of a species. Given the immense anatomical and structural complexity of the brain, its evolution and the congruent evolution of human intelligencecan only be reorganized in a finite number of ways. The majority of said changes occur either in terms of size or in terms of developmental timeframes. There have been studies that strongly support the idea that the level of intelligence associated with humans is not unique to our species.
Scholars suggest that this could have, in part, been caused by convergent evolution. One common characteristic that is present in species of "high degree intelligence" i. Along with this, there is a more developed neocortex, a folding of the cerebral cortex, and von Economo neurons. Said neurons are linked to social intelligence and the ability to gauge what another is thinking or feeling and, interestingly, are also present in bottlenose dolphins.
The cerebral cortex is significantly larger in humans than in any other animal and is responsible for higher thought processes such as: reasoning, abstract thinking, and decision making. Another characteristic that makes humans special and sets them apart from any other species is our ability to produce and understand complex, syntactic language. The cerebral cortex, particularly in the temporal, parietal, and frontal lobes, are populated with neural circuits dedicated to language.
There are two main areas of the brain commonly associated with language, namely: Wernicke's area and Broca's area. The former is responsible for the understanding of speech and the latter for the production of speech.
Homologous regions have been found in other species i. Area 44 and 45 have been studied in chimpanzees but they are not as strongly related to or involved in linguistic activities as in humans. A big portion of the scholarly literature focus on the evolution, and subsequent influence, of culture.
This is in part because the leaps human intelligence has taken are far greater than those that would have resulted if our ancestors had simply responded to their environments, inhabiting them as hunter-gatherers.
In short, the immense complexity and marvel of superior human intelligence only emerge inside of a specific culture and history. Selection for cooperation aided our ancestors in surviving harsh ecological conditions and did so by creating a specific type of intelligence.
An intelligence that, today, is highly variant from individual to individual. The social brain hypothesis was proposed by British anthropologist Robin Dunbarwho A Thousand Days - The Offspring - The Offspring (CD) that human intelligence did not evolve primarily as a means to solve ecological problems, but rather as a means of surviving and reproducing in large and complex social groups.
These group dynamics relate to Theory of Mind or the ability to understand the thoughts and emotions of others, though Dunbar himself admits in the same book that it is not the flocking itself that causes intelligence to evolve as shown by ruminants. Dunbar argues that when the size of a social group increases, the number of different relationships in the group may increase by orders of magnitude. Chimpanzees live in groups of about 50 individuals whereas humans typically have a social circle of about people, which is also the typical size of social communities in small societies and personal social networks;  this number is now referred to as Dunbar's number.
In addition, there is evidence to suggest that the success of groups is dependent on their size at foundation, with groupings of around being particularly successful, potentially reflecting the fact that communities of this size strike a balance between the minimum size of effective functionality and the maximum size for creating a sense of commitment to the community.
As evidence, Dunbar cites a relationship between neocortex size and group size of various mammals. Phylogenetic studies of brain sizes in primates show that while diet predicts primate brain size, sociality does not predict brain size when corrections are made for cases in which diet affects both brain size and sociality. The exceptions to the predictions of the social intelligence hypothesis, which that hypothesis has no predictive model for, are successfully predicted by diets that are either nutritious but scarce or abundant but poor in nutrients.
Meerkats have far more social relationships than their small brain capacity would suggest. Another hypothesis is that it is actually intelligence that causes social relationships to become more complex, because intelligent individuals are more difficult to learn to know. There are also studies that show that Dunbar's number is not the upper limit of the number of social relationships in humans either.
The hypothesis that it is brain capacity that sets the upper limit for the number of social relationships is also contradicted by computer simulations that show simple unintelligent reactions to be sufficient to emulate "ape politics"  and by the fact that some social insects such as the paper wasp do have hierarchies in which each individual has its place as opposed to herding without social structure and maintains their hierarchies in groups of approximately 80 individuals with their brains smaller than that of any mammal.
Insects provide an opportunity to explore this since they exhibit an unparalleled diversity of social forms to permanent colonies containing many individuals working together as a collective organism and have evolved an impressive range of cognitive skills despite their small nervous systems. Studies aimed to correlating brain volume to complexity have failed to identify clear correlations between sociality and cognition because of cases like social insects.
In humans, societies are usually held together by the ability of individuals to recognize features indicating group membership. Social insects, likewise, often recognize members of their colony allowing them to defend against competitors. Ants do this by comparing odors which require fine discrimination of multicomponent variable cues.
In an even more impressive social use of their dance language, bees indicate suitable nest locations to a swarm in search of a new home. The swarm builds a consensus from multiple 'opinions' expressed by scouts with different information, to finally agree on a single destination to which the swarm relocates.
Another theory that tries to explain the growth of human intelligence is the reduced aggression theory aka self-domestication theory. According to this strand of thought what led to the evolution of advanced intelligence in Homo sapiens was a drastic reduction of the aggressive drive.
This change separated us from other species of monkeys and primates, where this aggressivity is still in plain sight, and eventually lead to the development of quintessential human traits such as empathy, social cognition and culture. Tamed foxes, for example, exhibit advanced forms of social communication following pointing gesturespedomorphic physical features childlike faces, floppy ears and even rudimentary forms of theory of mind eye contact seeking, gaze following.
On a mechanistic level these changes are believed to be the result of a systemic downregulation of the sympathetic nervous system the fight-or-flight reflex. Hence, tamed foxes show a reduced adrenal gland size and have an up to fivefold reduction in both basal and stress-induced blood cortisol levels. This downregulation of sympathetic nervous system reactivity is also believed to be accompanied by a compensatory increase in a number of opposing organs and systems.
Although these are not as well specified various candidates for such "organs" have been proposed: the parasympathetic system as a whole, the septal area over the amygdala,  the oxytocin system,  the endogenous opioids  and various forms of quiescent immobilization which antagonize the fight-or-flight reflex. Other studies suggest that social exchange between individuals is a vital adaptation to the human brain, going as far to say that the human mind could be equipped with a neurocognitive system specialized for reasoning about social change.
Social Exchange is a vital adaptation that evolved in social species and has become exceptionally specialized in humans. This adaption will develop by natural selection when two parties can make themselves better off than they were before by exchanging things one party values less for things the other party values for more.
However, selection will only pressure social exchange when both parties are receiving mutual benefits from their relative situation; if one party cheats the other by receiving a benefit while the other is harmed, then selection will stop. Consequently, the existence of cheaters—those who fail to deliver fair benefits—threatens the evolution of exchange. Using evolutionary game theory, it has been shown that adaptations for social exchange can be favored and stably maintained by natural selection, but only if they include design features that enable them to detect cheaters, and cause them to channel future exchanges to reciprocators and away from cheaters.
Thus, humans use social contracts to lay the benefits and losses each party will be receiving if you accept benefit B from me, then you must satisfy my requirement R. Humans have evolved an advanced cheater detection system, equipped with proprietary problem-solving strategies that evolved to match the recurrent features of their corresponding problem domains. Not only do humans need to determine that the contract was violated, but also if the violation was intentionally done.
Therefore, systems are specialized to detect contract violations that imply intentional cheating. One problem with the hypothesis that specific punishment for intentional deception could coevolve with intelligence is the fact that selective punishment of individuals with certain characteristics selects against the characteristics in question.
For example, if only individuals capable of remembering what they had agreed to were punished for breaking agreements, evolution would have selected against the ability to remember what one had agreed to. Intelligence predicts the number of arguments one can make when taking either side of a debate. Humans who could get away with behaviours that exploited within and without-group cooperation, getting more while giving less, would overcome this.
Inpsychologist Satoshi Kanazawa argued that g was a domain-specificspecies-typicalinformation processing psychological adaptation and inKanazawa argued that g correlated only with performance on evolutionarily unfamiliar rather than evolutionarily familiar problems, proposing what he termed the "Savanna-IQ interaction hypothesis".
Gray gave subjects a item computerized version of the Wason selection task a logic puzzle in a social relations context as proposed by Leda Cosmides and John Tooby in The Adapted Mind and found instead that "performance on non-arbitrary, evolutionarily familiar problems is more strongly related to general intelligence than performance on arbitrary, evolutionarily novel problems". Nisbettand Lindsay M. Oliver demonstrated experimentally that subjects who have completed semester-long college courses in propositional calculus do not perform better on the Wason selection task than subjects who do not complete such college courses.
This model, which invokes sexual selectionis proposed by Geoffrey Miller who argues that human intelligence is unnecessarily sophisticated for the needs of hunter-gatherers to survive. He argues that the manifestations of intelligence such as languagemusic and art did not evolve because of their utilitarian value to the survival of ancient hominids. Rather, intelligence may have been a fitness indicator. Hominids would have been chosen for greater intelligence as an indicator of healthy genes and a Fisherian runaway positive feedback loop of sexual selection would have led to the evolution of human intelligence in a relatively short period.
Evolutionary biologist George C. Williams and evolutionary medicine researcher Randolph M. Nesse cite evolutionary psychologists John Tooby and Leda Cosmides as referring to the emotions as "Darwinian algorithms of the mind ,"  while social psychologist David Buss has argued that the sex-specialized differences in the emotion of jealousy are evolutionarily stable strategies for detecting infidelity by a mating partner.
Nesseview sexual selection as a subcategory of social selection[list 1] with Nesse and anthropologist Christopher Boehm arguing further that altruism in humans held fitness advantages that enabled evolutionarily extraordinary cooperativeness and the human capability of creating culture and collective punishment by bands against bulliesthievesfree-ridersand psychopaths.
In many species, only males have impressive secondary sexual characteristics such as ornaments and show-off behavior, but sexual selection is also thought to be able to act on females as well in at least partially monogamous species. This means that less attractive individuals will find other less attractive individuals to mate with.
If attractive traits are good fitness indicators, this means that sexual selection increases the genetic load of the offspring of unattractive individuals. Without sexual selection, an unattractive individual might find a superior mate with few deleterious mutations, and have healthy children that are likely to survive.
With sexual selection, an unattractive individual is more likely to have access only to an inferior mate who is likely to pass on many deleterious mutations to their joint offspring, who are then less likely to survive. Sexual selection is often thought to be a likely explanation for other female-specific human traits, for example breasts and buttocks far larger in proportion to total body size than those found in related species of A Thousand Days - The Offspring - The Offspring (CD).
That human female breasts typical mammalian breast tissue is small  are found sexually attractive by many men is in agreement with sexual selection acting on human females secondary sexual characteristics.
Sexual selection for intelligence and judging ability can act on indicators of success, such as highly visible displays of wealth. Growing human brains require more nutrition than brains of related species of ape. It is possible A Thousand Days - The Offspring - The Offspring (CD) for females to successfully judge male intelligence, they must be intelligent themselves. This could explain why despite the absence of clear differences in intelligence between males and females on average, there are clear differences between male and female propensities to display their intelligence in ostentatious forms.
While sexually selected ornaments such as peacock feathers and moose antlers develop either during or after puberty, timing their costs to a sexually mature age, human brains expend large amounts of nutrients building myelin and other brain mechanisms for efficient communication between the neurons early in life.
These costs early in life build facilitators that reduce the cost of neuron firing later in life, and as a result the peaks of the brain's costs and the peak of the brain's performance are timed on opposite sides of puberty with the costs peaking at a sexually immature age while performance peaks at a sexually mature age.
Critical researchers argue the above shows that the cost of intelligence is a signal which reduces the chance of surviving to reproductive age, and does not signal fitness of sexually mature individuals. Since the disability principle is about selection from disabilities in sexually immature individuals, which increases the offspring's chance of survival to reproductive age, disabilities would be selected against and not for by the above mechanism.
These critics argue that human intelligence evolved by natural selection citing that unlike sexual selection, natural selection have produced many traits that cost the most nutrients before puberty including immune systems and accumulation and modification for increased toxicity of poisons in the body as a protective measure against predators.
The number of people with severe cognitive impairment caused by childhood viral infections like meningitisprotists like Toxoplasma and Plasmodiumand animal parasites like intestinal worms and schistosomes is estimated to be in the hundreds of millions.
Thus, widespread, virulentand archaic infections are greatly involved in natural selection for cognitive abilities. People infected with parasites may have brain damage and obvious maladaptive behavior in addition to visible signs of disease. Smarter people can more skillfully learn to distinguish safe non-polluted water and food from unsafe kinds and learn to distinguish mosquito infested areas from safe areas.
Smarter people can more skillfully find and develop safe food sources and living environments. When people search for mates based on their success, wealth, reputation, disease-free body appearance, or psychological traits such as benevolence or confidence; the effect is to select for superior intelligence that results in superior disease resistance.
A predominant model describing the evolution of human intelligence is ecological dominance-social competition EDSC explained by Mark V. Flinn, David C. Geary and Carol V. Ward based mainly on work by Richard D. According to the model, human intelligence was able to evolve to significant levels because of the combination of increasing domination over habitat and increasing importance of social interactions.
As a result, the primary selective pressure for increasing human intelligence shifted from learning to master the natural world to competition for dominance among members or groups of its own species. As advancement, survival and reproduction within an increasing complex social structure favored ever more advanced social skills, communication of concepts through increasingly complex language patterns ensued.
Since competition had shifted bit by bit from controlling "nature" to influencing other humans, it became of relevance to outmaneuver other members of the group seeking leadership or acceptanceby means of more advanced social skills. A more social and communicative person would be more easily selected. Human intelligence is developed to an extreme level that is not necessarily adaptive in an evolutionary sense.
Firstly, larger-headed babies are more difficult to give birth to and large brains are costly in terms of nutrient and oxygen requirements. Sincescientists have been evaluating genomic data on gene variants thought to influence head size, and have found no evidence that those genes are under strong selective pressure in current human populations. While decreased brain size has strong correlation with lower intelligence in humans, some modern humans have brain sizes as small as with Homo erectus but normal intelligence based on IQ tests for modern humans.
Increased brain size in humans may allow for greater capacity for specialized expertise. The two major perspectives on primate brain evolution are the concerted and mosaic approaches. Simian primate brain evolution studies show that specific cortical regions associated with high-level cognition have demonstrated the greatest expansion over primate brain evolution.
Studies on cortical expansions in the brain have been used to examine the evolutionary basis of neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease. However, other researchers found no correlation between expanded cortical regions in the human brain and the development of Alzheimer's disease. If you do not want to interact with some reputed silver lab breeder, do not worry.
Change Location. Adoption Fee: 0. Aussie Rescue So Cal Inc. Breeders of chocolate, black Labrador puppies for adoption in southern, northern California. When you shop, sign into smile. Show All. You can meet other golden retriever owners, get referrals for service providers like trainers or groomers, and attend or participate in local events. We took them into our rescue and his sister. We called about one dog and he was already spoken which was a blessing because we got to meet our Dixie and we knew she belonged with us.
Recommended Pets. We take in labs ranging in age from puppies to seniors though most of our dogs are in the age range and try to provide you with as much information as we can about each dog. A volunteer-powered, c 3-approved, foster-based rescue in Alexandria, Virginia.
Direct adoptions work well and allow everyone to share in the accountability of their community California Weimaraner Education and Rescue and Doberman Rescue Fillmoretrusted organizations who work with the same selfless idealism, also stepped in to help - we are truly grateful.
Biological Oceanography - Sarah Smith. Dog Days of Summer Campaign. Find out how you can help the IRC offer lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. If you have a purebred Lab that you english black labrador retrievers, english chocolate labrador retrievers, english yellow labrador retrievers, black lab breeders, chocolate lab breeders, yellow lab breeders, english central coast california, ca, northern california, northern ca, central california, central ca,southern california, s Loree Schwartz coordinates Toy Breed Rescue in the San Francisco Bay Area of California and has been rescuing Shih Tzu and other toy breeds since Pug Rescue of Sacramento.
Santa Clara, CA: Dogs. Wags and walks is different than many other rescues because we do not select dogs based on their size or age or even their breed. He is a young boy and still has many puppy traits such as the occasional mouthing but this will stop once he gets the attention and exercise he needs. Burt holds "Cinnamon" who looks like a cute brown bear cub!
Our mission is to rehabilitate and re-home displaced Australian Shepherds, including Mini's and sometimes when we can we will help their friends. We live and work by our motto: Be Kind. Tip: Avoid products containing Xylitol. Labrador retriever male who was owner surrendered to the rescue due to a new baby. See our available rescues on Petfinder and Adopt-A-Pet.
Amazon will donate 0. Turning Unwanted Dogs. Southern California Pit Bull Rescue is focused on saving abused, neglected, sick and injured pit bulls. Please keep in mind that we match dogs with the most suitable families on an ongoing basis, so some dogs shown may already have a prospective match, and some dogs may not reach the website.
More About Us. We are especially proud of the ability of our members to Central California Labrador Retriever Rescue. Welcome to Safe Harbor Animal Rescue! We are a c3 non-profit organization dedicated to giving dogs a second chance at a happy life. California Shar-Pei Rescue is a registered non-profit Chinese Shar-Pei dog and puppy rescue, serving California and surrounding states. Bennett is 6 years old. General Information: Bailey has been living with a family with a young child and he is very good around him.
Adoptable Dogs and Cats looking for a forever home! If you are interested, please fill out our online application form.
Again, we do not adopt outside the areas we cover in Southern California! We cannot take in owner relinquishments for foster, but we will assist the owners in a search for a new home if they continue to to physically and financially support "Click here to view Lhasa Apso Dogs in California for adoption.
Whether you are in the Atlanta area or beyond, we have something for you to do: marketing, events organization, dog transport, fostering, handling dogs at events and more. Lu's Labs - Labrador Retriever Rescue. We regularly have chocolate, black and yellow labrador puppies.
Back to Photo. Sponsors help provide these wonderful dogs with veterinary treatment, collars, tags We are a no-kill rescue shelter. Sex: Male. Weimaraners are rowdy, happy dogs. SinceGolden Rescue has found homes for abandoned, unwanted or displaced Golden Retrievers throughout Canada. Pit Bull mix. Pound Puppy Rescue is a c 3 nonprofit founded in This kind of behavior is normal for many dogs, but for the Labrador Retriever--which usually weighs at least sixty pounds, and often much more--it can be a serious Save A Lab Rescue is an all-volunteer, not-for-profit c 3 organization that is dedicated to the rescue, rehabilitation and rehoming of displaced Labrador Retrievers and Labrador Retriever mixes.
Read through our available dogs as well as upcoming ones to help get a better insight into their personalities and behaviors.
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