August 21 min. August 11 min. August min. August 19 min. August 27 min. Galileo Mittwoch: Die Tricks der Wahlkampfmanager 13 min. Galileo Montag: G-checkt: Schule ohne Klassenzimmer 35 min. Galileo Samstag: So isst die Welt Pfannkuchen 50 min. Galileo Sonntag: Galileo Plus: Extrem. August 12 min. August 25 min. Juli 16 min. Juli 19 min. Mai 28 min. Mai 18 min. Schlag den Star.
Schlag den Star Schlag den Star. Jens Lehmann - Ganze Folge Teil 2. Jens Lehmann - Ganze Folge Teil 1. Schlag den Star Vanessa Mai vs. Luna Schweiger - Ganze Folge Teil 2. Luna Schweiger - Ganze Folge Teil 1. Schlag den Star Max Mutzke vs. Teddy Teclebrhan - Ganze Folge Teil 1. Teddy Teclebrhan - Ganze Folge Teil 2. Schlag den Star Christoph Kramer vs. Felix Neureuther - Ganze Folge Teil 2. Felix Neureuther - Ganze Folge Teil 1. Schlag den Star Lucas Cordalis vs. Paul Janke - Ganze Folge Teil 2.
Paul Janke - Ganze Folge Teil 1. Sasha - Ganze Folge Teil 2. Sasha - Ganze Folge Teil 1. Schlag den Star Sarah Lombardi vs. Eko Fresh - Ganze Folge Teil 2. Eko Fresh - Ganze Folge Teil 1. Schlag den Star Faisal Kawusi vs. Ralf Moeller - Ganze Folge Teil 2. Could you say t h at again? Where is it? A 1 How do I get to SoHo on the subway? B Go t o t he subw ay st at ion at Grand Cent ral - 42nd St reet.
Get o f f at Spring St reet. JFK OK. It is located in Come out of t he subway on Spring St reet. Go st raight on for about Southeast Queens, about 15 miles 24km from M anhattan. Travel time to Manhattan by car during rush hour can be over A an hour; at other times it's about t hirt y to fort y minutes.
If you don't mind carrying your own luggage, t his is probably your best option. A I'm : so sorry I'm lat e. I missed t he bus. Taxis will take up t o four passengers and there is no B But you're alw ays lat e. A I m sorry. I'm really hungry. I don't w ant t o here any more. One free child A OK. Why don't w e go for a w alk? I can get a burger or som et hing. You can choose t o get off B I don't 5 like a w alk. A List en. I'll t ake you home now.
I suppose t h at way you can't be lat e! Necessit y is the mother of invention. Cassette reco rd ers 8 Th e c risp s w ere f irst called 'Sarato g a p o tato es'. The beautiful thing about learning is t hat no one can t ake it aw ay from you. At boarding school, I was an outsider and I was 2 A m y c an re m e m b e r o ne lang uag e m o re th an the o thers really, truly unhappy there.
Yes, I did. My brother and I both went to the same school and sometimes, we used to break the rules. Both of us were caned on several occasions. Luckily for me, I was really good at sport and that's the only reason they accepted me at Wellingt on. One day, when I was 14 or 15,1 had to read in class.
After the class, he said to me, 'The way you read suggests you might enjoy act ing. Would you consider playing M acbeth in the school play? The first st ep to get t ing w hat you w ant out of life is this: Decide w hat you w ant. Verb Noun be eat go have inv ite make rain take 1 choose cho ice 'We feel like d o ing so m ething special next w eekendb u t co nfuse 2 confusion w e haven't d ecid ed w hat to d o y et. I t 1 might be sunny. W e 3 ed ucate 5 lunch in a restaurant, o r w e 4 so me sand w iches w ith us.
In th at case, w e 8 info rm atio n 6 so me friend s f o r d inner o n Saturd ay. I lo v ed u niv ersity. Res earch done th at d o n ' t. The scientists d iv id e d the 4 w here w ere p articip ants in to tw o g ro up s. In the id eal c ity Can you write it down? Sleep at t h e sam e t i m es zyxwvutsrqponmlkjihgfedcbaZYXW 9 I keep a no te b o o k by the sid e o f m y b ed.
Have a ho t b ath. Cig arettes can cause a num ber o f sleep p ro b lem s. You knowt h at TV series about I are sisters, because w e' re v e ry celebrit ies w ho f ind o ut about t heir fam ilies? Sue's f r o m the same B Yes, I do. But I didn't see it last night. I w asn't at home. But I usually w at ch i t every w eek.
She d o esn't like sho rt int er est ing. I'd love t o f ind o ut about my fam ily. I'm t hinking about w earing 7 looking f or some inf or m at ion on t he int er net. So am I. In that case, he arg ues, Re ad th e sentenc es. Luckily, m o st o f Ive Got You Under My Skin - Frank Sinatra - My Way (The Best Of Frank Sinatra) (CD) d inhi's tw in s are b o rn healthy.
B This is Oliver. I'm returning your call. B I'm syou have t h e wr number. How can I help you? B Good morning. Mr Clarke, please. A merican English B Can you t el l him Fiona called? I'll c If y o u'v e learnt British English and y o u're trav elling in th e States, b lat er. A n o b v io u s d if f erenc e is B Hello, can I speak t o Alison, please? But so m etim es the w o rd is c o m p letely d i f f e re n t in British and 1 A Does your girlfriend know you're here? For t rut h is alw ays st range; stranger than fiction.
A f te r we had bought some souvenirs, we went back to the hotel 1 Th e streets w ere w h i te because i t. I th at the f i l m started at eig ht o 'clo ck. It has a ho le. Don't ask me! See if you can match the ten most common questions with their answers below. If there w eren't time zones, some people would have midday t ow el goat t hr ow in the middle of the night! C The Earth weighs 6,,,,,kg. D Because of their chemistry, some liquids can be absorbed by solid things.
If it reflects the sun's bike rays, we can see it, even during the day. It all depends on its angle towards the Earth. F Multiply the single numbers and the tens separately, then add them together. G Sunlight arrives on Earth in every colour, but it hits particles in our air that 'shine' blue.
This pushing action is stronger than ow l gravity, and so the plane goes up in the air. I Sunlight going through water drops in the air 'separates' into all the colours. Sp eaker 2 B W h o p ain te d Sunflowers? Jenny W h at shall w e d o this afterno o n, M att?
S and ra Yes, it is. Presenter O h. W hy 's that? Here it is. Paol o Because she d id n't really love me. Jenny W ho 's that? M att That's m y g rand father. Paol o It w as in the new spaper. There w as an article abo ut g rand m o ther behind h i m o n the rig ht. She's the one Be n Me? It w as just after they got m arriedS an d ra A student? W h at univ ersity d o y o u then left w i th all their mo ney. A n d there w as a p ho to o f but befo re they had any child ren.
M y aunt to ld me all go to? Ben Manchester. I go to M anchester Univ ersity. I' m in Presenter O hI' m so rry to hear that, Pao lo. A n d I' m Jenny So, w here are they?
Join me next M att W ell, as y o u kno w my dad is Spanish. If yo u're i n M att W ell, there's a festival there called 'La Paloma'. It like it? H o ckney exhib itio n called Fresh Flowers. A s the name still happens no w. There are lo ts o f stalls selling fo o d Be n W h at kind o f music d o v o u listen to?
S an d ra I like ro ck music. I really like M use. I d id n't. Be n Yes, it w as excellent. I' m so rry y o u missed it. H e w as g rand father. S an d ra Yes, I play tennis. I play rugby. I' m i n the univ ersity team. N o whe sends his friend s a d ifferent M att The m an o n the stall. The p ho to w as includ ed in S and ra A re you? They love it! Yo u had three chances to hit the target and Ben Yes, l a m. But I play tennis, to o.
Perhaps w e can play Fresh Flowers is o n at the Fo nd atio n Pierre Berge, y o u go t the p ho to fo r free. Yves Saint Laurent in Paris u n ti l January 30th. The Jenny It's a lo vely p ho to. Ben Yo ur bo y friend? The g allery M att That's w hat everyo ne says! S and ra Yes, here he is. W ay ne, this is Ben. Ben, W ay ne. Presenter H elloand w elco me to the p ro g ram m e. U mbye Sand ra. To day, w e're lo o king at lucky escapes, and N ic k S an d ra Bye.
N ick? M y parents rented a N i ck H i G lo ria. To day, lo vely ho use o n the beach, and the w eather w as great. M aureen Evason w as w alking w e'd like y o u, the listeners, to call i n and tell us abo ut W e w ent fo r a d elicio us meal fo r m y birthd aybut I w as at the to p o f the Teide v o lcano in Tenerife, w hen she y o ur experiences o f o nline relatio nship s.
She fell 27 metres u n til she hit a tree, - that's quick! The rescue A l an H im y name's A lan. S p eak er 2 A few years ago, I w ent to v isit an o ld scho o l o p eratio n to o k nearly four ho urs, and after that Presenter H elloA lan. A t scho o l M aureen spent tw o m o nths i n ho sp ital befo re she experience o f internet d ating? I' m quite shy, y o u see, and I'm no t child ren so she d id n't w ant to go o ut.
I spent a v ery Presenter Lucky M aureen! N i ck Joseph Rabad ue had a lucky escape w hen he w as at Presenter A n d w hat happened? In fact, after fo ur m o nths, try to go o n v acatio n w here it's co o l. Five minutes w e bo ug ht a house to gether. A n d no w w e've go t a bo o ked a v acatio n i n Sw ed en, but w e arriv ed i n the later, a lo rry crashed into their liv ing ro o mand threw beautiful little bo y called Sam.
It w as aw f u l because there w as the f am ily telev isio n into the air. The T V then land ed Presenter Co ng ratulatio ns. Thanks fo r calling. W e just sat i n cafes and o n the exact spo t w here Joseph had been o n the flo o r N o wI think w e have ano ther caller. D o yo u have any more? Presenter H elloKate. One Saturday o nline? The m an firedand the bullet hit Barry in Presenter So w hat happened? S p eak er 5 Three years ago, I bro ke up w i th m y jacket at the tim e, and the D V D sto pped the bullet.
Presenter W ho 's Craig? K ate W ell, no whe's my husband. Unfo rtunatelythe trav el Presenter A bso lutely! So, no w it's tim e fo r y o u, to gether. Ev eryw here I lo o kedexperiences. A n d here's o ur first caller. Paol o Paolo. W e're starting i n Venice, then S p eak er 5 W e have a cleaning lady w ho comes in every D ialogue 1 w e're g o ing to Vero na, and then M i l an.
W e're sto p p ing day and she does all o ur ho usew o rk. She makes the beds, W oman John! C h ri s W hat abo ut sleeping arrangements? That's the im p o rtant thing! W oman Yo u, to o. W e have a tw o -bed sleeping co m p artm ent. A n d w e're Presenter Tho se listeners w ho enjo y g o ing sho p p ing W oman 1 W ell, let's go and f in d the car. It isn't far. A p art f ro m w i l l be interested to hear o ur next new s sto ry.
It's that, w e're sleeping in ho tels. They're already bo o ked. D ialogue 2 C h ri s W ell, it so und s like a d ifferent kind o f tri p to the at last the W estfield sho p p ing centre has o pened i n G round staf f H ello. Stratfo rdi n East Lo nd o n. W e sent o ur rep o rter, Juliet Passenger To Bristo l. D a w n A bso lutely. It's g o ing to be d ifferent, but I' m sure Red d itch, o ver to take a lo o k at w hat is no w Euro pe's G round staf f C an I see y o ur passpo rt, please?
Juliet, w hat's it like in Passenger Here y o u are. W estfield rig ht no w? G round staf f Thanks. Can I see y o ur hand luggage? Here's y o ur b o ard ing pass. The Today, w e're go ing to lo o k at w o rd games, so let's start have special o p ening o ffers. So me shops have called flight is bo ard ing at Yo u're in w ith the mo st p o p ular o f them all: Scrabble.
Ricky ones security staff to help them c o ntro l the queues. Gro up B. Passenger Thanks a lo t. Rickyw ho actually inv ented the game? Juliet O hit's really very big! There are tw o eno rmo us G round staf f Enjo y y o ur f lig ht. R i ck y W ell, it w as an A m eric an called A lf re d M o sher d ep artm ent sto res, a huge sup ermarket, and D ialogue 3 Butts.
Butts w as an unemp lo y ed arch itect, and i n his smaller sho ps. These cro ssw o rd s to. I haven't d ecid ed w here I' m g o ing to have lunch, but please, sir? Passenger Here y o u are. The game had the same letter tiles as Scrabble, but no Presenter W h at effect has the sho p p ing centre had o n Immigration O f f i ce r W hat is the p urp o se o f y o ur bo ard. Players used the letter tiles to make w o rd s. They the lo cal area, Juliet? Later, Butts intro d uced a bo ardand a set o f rules o ut o f w o rk.
The sho p p ing centre has created 10, Immigration O f f i cer A n d ho w lo ng are v o u g o ing to and changed the name to Criss-Cross W ords. Presenter H o w d id Butts decide ho w many p o ints to Presenter H o w d id v o u get to W estfield today?
Passenger For three w eeks. Juliet I came by car. There's an eno rmo us car p ark w i th Immigration O f f i cer Can I have a co ntact telepho ne R i ck y He co unted ho w many times each letter appeared space fo r 5, cars.
But y o u can also get here by bus, number, please? Then, train, and by the und erg ro und - it's the best co nnected Passenger Yes.
M y friend 's num ber is Immigration O f f i cer Thank y o u, M r Green. Enjo y betw een o ne and ten p o ints. The mo st c o m m o n letters, Presenter N o wJuliet, the b ig questio n is. D ialogue 4 to use. There are mo re o f these letters in the game. There Juliet N oI haven't. I w as just lo o king aro undreally.
There's a grey case. Is it o urs? O urs is much smaller. Presenter So, w hen d id Butts' o rig inal game beco me them o n! M an 2 Yes. The first one came o ut really quickly. There it is! A t last! R i ck y W ell, inButts met a businessman called o f a d ifferent k i n d. M an 2 You stay here w ith the o ther bags. I'm g o ing to James Bru no t, w ho d esigned a new bo ard and changed get it. Then inthe 4 ,C» W oman 2 O K.
M y bo y friend D ialogue 5 sto re, d isco v ered the game o n ho lid ay, and lo v ed it so and I w ent cam p ing in the Lake D istric t w i th some Customs O f f i cer Excuse me, m ad am. Can v o u co me m uch he placed a large o rd er. Butts and Bru no t knew friend s, and it rained the w ho le tim e. It w as really this w ay, please? W e had to stav i n the tent and play cards Passenger Yes, o f co urse.
To d ay, Scrabble is so ld in co untries bo y friend go t bo red. He started c o m p laining abo ut the Passenger N oI d o n't th in k so. I bo ug ht some cho co late in 29 d ifferent languages. Presenter W h at a sto ry, Ricky! Thank y o u fo r sharing W e had a terrible arg ument, and in the end w e came Customs O f f i ce r Can I check y o ur bag, please? I' m never g o ing cam p ing Passenger Sure. G o ahead.
That's fine. N othat's my mum's jo b. The view- 3 B» eno ugh tim e to co o k and clean and thing s like that. I go w as incred ible. M y d ad goes o ut to w o rk every day, so aro und the city. The best b it w as that it w as a surp rise D aw n Yes, I am. I d ro v e straig ht to the airp o rt. Kastalsky was born in Moscow to protoiereus Dmitri Ivanovich Kastalsky. He studied music theory, composition and the piano at the Moscow Conservatory.
Ekt znam Sheet Music. Rodgers and Hammerstein. Richard Rodgers — and Oscar Hammerstein II — were a well-known American songwriting duo, usually referred to as Rodgers and Hammerstein.
They created a string of popular Broadway musicals in the s and s during what is considered the golden age of the medium. With Rodgers composing the music and Hammerstein adding the lyrics, five of their shows, Oklahoma! In all, among the many accolades that their shows and their film versions garnered were thirty-four Tony Awards, fifteen Academy Awards, the Pulitzer Prize, and two Grammys.
Edelweiss- Easy Play Sheet Music. ByTabano was replaced by Brad Whitford, and the band began developing a following in Boston. They were signed to Columbia Records in and released a string of multi-platinum albums, beginning with their eponymous debut album. Inthe band broke into the mainstream with the album Toys in the Attic, and their follow-up Rocks cemented their status as hard rock superstars. The band did not fare well between andreleasing a lone album, Rock in a Hard Place, which only went gold, failing to match the successes of their previous efforts.
Although Perry and Whitford returned in and the band signed a new deal with Geffen Records, it wasn't until the band sobered up and released 's Permanent Vacation that they regained the level of popularity they had experienced in the s.
After 38 years of performing, the band continues to tour and record music. Crazy Sheet Music. The Daydream. They say their one goal is to make music they're proud of. Their manager claims they have built a strong, loyal fan base without traditional forms of financing, promotion or backing. To date all material has Ive Got You Under My Skin - Frank Sinatra - My Way (The Best Of Frank Sinatra) (CD) self-released through their own label, Poco Poco Records.
Mystery Sheet Music. Oscar Hammerstein. Many of his songs are standard repertoire for vocalists and jazz musicians. He co-wrote songs. Hammerstein was the lyricist and playwright in his partnerships; his collaborators wrote the music. Whiting, and Sigmund Romberg, but he is best known for his collaborations with Richard Rodgers, as the duo Rodgers and Hammerstein, whose collaborations include Oklahoma!
Gundam Seed Destiny. The series spanned 50 episodes plus a recap episode entitled "Edited"aired in Japan from October 9, to October 1, at p. The series won the Animage Anime Grand Prix prize in and Shinkai no Kodoku Sheet Music. High School Musical. It will be the first Disney Channel Original movie to have a theatrical sequel. A fourth installment, High School Musical 4, has been announced to be in the writing stages. High School Musical was Disney Channel's most watched movie at its time, with Ive Got You Under My Skin - Frank Sinatra - My Way (The Best Of Frank Sinatra) (CD).
In the UK, it receivedviewers for its premiere and 1. The film's soundtrack was the best-selling album in the United States for Together, they try out for the lead parts in their high school musical, and as a result, divide the school. Despite other students' attempts to thwart their dreams, Troy and Gabriella resist peer pressure and rivalry, inspiring others along the way not to "stick with the status quo.
Breaking Free Sheet Music. He received critical musical training in Italy before settling in London and becoming a naturalised British subject. He was strongly influenced by the techniques of the great composers of the Italian Baroque and the English composer Henry Purcell. Handel's music was well-known to many composers, including Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven. Jean Sibelius. His mastery of the orchestra has been described as "prodigious. Like Beethoven, Sibelius used each successive work to further develop his own personal compositional style.
His works continue to be performed frequently in the concert hall and are often recorded. Other works include pieces inspired by the Finnish national epic, the Kalevala; over songs for voice and piano; incidental music for 13 plays; the opera Jungfrun i tornet The Maiden in the Tower ; chamber music; piano music; Masonic ritual music; and 21 separate publications of choral music. Symphony No.
Nobuo Uemastu. Freddie Hubbard. He was known primarily for playing in the bebop, hard bop and post bop styles from the early s and on. His unmistakable and influential tone contributed to new perspectives for modern jazz and bebop. Hammerhead Trumpet Solo Sheet Music. Johann Sebastian Bach 31 March — 28 July was a German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra, and solo instruments drew together the strands of the Baroque period and brought it to its ultimate maturity.
Although he introduced no new forms, he enriched the prevailing German style with a robust contrapuntal technique, an unrivalled control of harmonic and motivic organisation in composition for diverse musical forces, and the adaptation of rhythms and textures from abroad, particularly Italy and France.
Matthew Passion; the St. While Bach's fame as an organist was great during his lifetime, he was not particularly well-known as a composer. His adherence to Baroque forms Ive Got You Under My Skin - Frank Sinatra - My Way (The Best Of Frank Sinatra) (CD) contrapuntal style was considered "old-fashioned" by his contemporaries, especially late in his career when the musical fashion tended towards Rococo and later Classical styles.
A revival of interest and performances of his music began early in the 19th century, and he is now widely considered to be one of the greatest composers in the Western tradition. Rudy Villanueva. But Cebuanos in general know him simply as Fr. His years as accompanist for the Schola Cantorum at the seminary and for the Pro Musica Antiqua and the composite chorus at University very much shaped his musical interests. Thus, following his studies, he has composed mostly choral and solo vocal music, while coaching quite a few Cebu choral groups.
To date, book publications and sound recordings of his music involve singing, while an extended work-in-progress is a theater-piece tentatively called Leon Kilat: A Cebuano Opera. Heitor Villa-Lobos. Heitor Villa-Lobos March 5, — November 17, was a Brazilian composer, described as "the single most significant creative figure in 20th-century Brazilian art music".
Villa-Lobos has become the best-known and most significant Latin American composer to date. He wrote numerous orchestral, chamber, instrumental and vocal works. His music was influenced by both Brazilian folk music and by stylistic elements from the European classical tradition, as exemplified by his Bachianas Brasileiras "Brazilian Bachian-pieces".
His earliest pieces originated in guitar improvisations, for example Panqueca "Pancake" of The concert series of —21 included first performances of pieces demonstrating originality and virtuosic technique. Reconciling European tradition and Brazilian influences was also an element that bore fruit more formally later.
His three-movement String Quartet no. The works use Brazilian folk tales and characters, imitations of the sounds of the jungle and its fauna, imitations of the sound of the nose-flute by the violinophone, and not least imitations of the uirapuru itself. Estrela a lua nova Sheet Music. Yoko Kanno. She is also a skilled keyboardist, and is the frontwoman for The Seatbelts, who perform many of Kanno's compositions on the various original soundtracks for which she is responsible.
Rain Sheet Music. Although widely associated with glam metal, the band's sound incorporates heavy metal and hard rock elements. Since its formation, Europe has released eight studio albums, three live albums, three compilations and eight videos.
Europe rose to international fame in the s with its third album The Final Countdownwhich became a high commercial success and sold over three million copies in the United States. Europe was one of the most successful rock acts of the 80s and sold over four million albums in the United States alone and over 16 million albums worldwide. Europe went on hiatus inreunited temporarily for a one-off performance in Stockholm on New Year's Eve and announced an official reunion in Final countdown Sheet Music.
George Frederick Bristow. La scrittura, un sistema di segni durevoli che permette di trasmettere e conservare le informazioni, ha cominciato a svilupparsi tra il VII e il IV millennio a. Quando i sistemi di scrittura vennero inventati, furono utilizzati quei materiali che permettevano la registrazione di informazioni sotto forma scritta: pietraargillacorteccia d'albero, lamiere di metallo. La scrittura alfabetica emerse in Egitto circa 5.
Gli antichi Egizi erano soliti scrivere sul papirouna pianta coltivata lungo il fiume Nilo. Inizialmente i termini non erano separati l'uno dall'altro scriptura continua e non c'era punteggiatura.
I testi venivano scritti da destra a sinistra, da sinistra a destra, e anche in modo che le linee alternate si leggessero in direzioni opposte. Le tavolette di cera erano assicelle di legno ricoperte da uno strato abbastanza spesso di cera che veniva incisa da uno stilo. Avevano il vantaggio di essere riutilizzabili: la cera poteva essere fusa Ive Got You Under My Skin - Frank Sinatra - My Way (The Best Of Frank Sinatra) (CD) riformare una "pagina bianca".
Erano utilizzate anche le cortecce di albero, come per esempio quelle della Tiliae altri materiali consimili. La parola greca per papiro come materiale di scrittura biblion e libro biblos proviene dal porto fenicio di Bibloda dove si esportava il papiro verso la Grecia. Tomus fu usato dai latini con lo stesso significato di volumen vedi sotto anche la spiegazione di Isidoro di Siviglia. Che fossero fatti di papiro, pergamena o carta, i rotoli furono la forma libraria dominante della cultura ellenisticaromanacinese ed ebraica.
Gli autori cristiani potrebbero anche aver voluto distinguere i loro scritti dai testi pagani scritti su rotoli. La storia del libro continua a svilupparsi con la graduale transizione dal rotolo al codexspostandosi dal Vicino Oriente del II - II millennio a.
Fino al II secolo d. All'arrivo del Medioevocirca mezzo millennio dopo, i codici - di foggia e costruzione in tutto simili al libro moderno - rimpiazzarono il rotolo e furono composti principalmente di pergamena. Quattro son troppi? Anche nei suoi distici, Marziale continua a citare il codex: un anno prima del suddetto, una raccolta di distici viene pubblicata con lo scopo di accompagnare donativi.
Questa mole composta da numerosi fogli contiene quindici libri poetici del Nasone». Dal II secolo a. Nel mondo antico non godette di molta fortuna a causa del prezzo elevato rispetto a quello del papiro. Il libro in forma di rotolo consisteva in fogli preparati da fibre di papiro phylire disposte in uno strato orizzontale lo strato che poi riceveva la scrittura sovrapposto ad uno strato verticale la faccia opposta.
La scrittura era effettuata su colonne, generalmente sul lato del papiro che presentava le fibre orizzontali. Non si hanno molte testimonianze sui rotoli di pergamena tuttavia la loro forma era simile a quella dei libri in papiro.
Gli inchiostri neri utilizzati erano a base di nerofumo e gomma arabica. Dal II secolo d. La vecchia forma libraria a rotolo scompare in ambito librario. In forma notevolmente differente permane invece in ambito archivistico. Questo mezzo, permettendo l'accelerazione della produzione delle copie di testi contribuisce alla diffusione del libro e della cultura. Altri suoi distici rivelano che tra i regali fatti da Marziale c'erano copie di Virgiliodi Cicerone e Livio. Le parole di Marziale danno la distinta impressione che tali edizioni fossero qualcosa di recentemente introdotto.
Sono stati rinvenuti "taccuini" contenenti fino a dieci tavolette. Nel tempo, furono anche disponibili modelli di lusso fatti con tavolette di avorio invece che di legno. Ai romani va il merito di aver compiuto questo passo essenziale, e devono averlo fatto alcuni decenni prima della fine del I secolo d.
Il grande vantaggio che offrivano rispetto ai rolli era la capienza, vantaggio che sorgeva dal fatto che la facciata esterna del rotolo era lasciata in bianco, vuota. Il codice invece aveva scritte entrambe le facciate di ogni pagina, come in un libro moderno. La prima pagina porta il volto del poeta. I codici di cui parlava erano fatti di pergamena ; nei distici che accompagnavano il regalo di una copia di Omeroper esempio, Marziale la descrive come fatta di "cuoio con molte pieghe".
Ma copie erano anche fatte di fogli di papiro. Quando i greci ed i romani disponevano solo del rotolo per scrivere libri, si preferiva usare il papiro piuttosto che la pergamena. I ritrovamenti egiziani ci permettono di tracciare il graduale rimpiazzo del rotolo da parte del codice. Fece la sua comparsa in Egitto non molto dopo il tempo di Marziale, nel II secolo d.
Il suo debutto fu modesto. A tutt'oggi sono stati rinvenuti 1. Verso il d. I ritrovamenti egiziani gettano luce anche sulla transizione del codex dal papiro alla pergamena.
Sebbene gli undici codici della Bibbia datati in quel secolo fossero papiracei, esistono circa 18 codici dello stesso secolo con scritti pagani e quattro di questi sono in pergamena.
Stop Doggin Me - Various - The Living Word - Wattstax 2 (Vinyl, LP, Album), Fogas Kérdés - R-GO - Kisstadion Koncert (CD, Album), 八神純子* - 思い出は美しすぎて (Vinyl), Movimiento di Rock - Adriano Celentano - Adriano Celentano: The First Italian Rock (CD, Album), Heart Of Gold - Johnny Hates Jazz - Turn Back The Clock (Vinyl, LP, Album), Beat Dramatic 5 - New Century Orchestra - Beat Dramatic (Vinyl), Dream Ballet - George Duning - 1001 Arabian Nights (Original Sound Track Recording) (Vinyl, LP), Amen Youpi - Various - [50+1] An Electronic Swindle (File, MP3), Halloween - Dead Kennedys - C.L.P.LIVE.1982.11-26 (CD, Album), Все Будет Хорошо - Алёна Винницкая - Рассвет (CDr, Album), Jail Break - Humphrey Lyttelton - Sad, Sweet Song & Crazy Rhythms (CD, Album), Revision - Visionaries - Couch Potato (Vinyl), Johnny Thunders & Patti Palladin - He Cried (Vinyl), I Kissed Her - Terminal Choice - Ominous Future (CD, Album)