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Our sample essays Expository Essay. Paper title: Online Education. Academic level: College. Discipline: English Paper Format: MLA format. Sources: 2. View this sample. Analysis Essay. Discipline: Political sciences. Paper Format: APA. In the northern Rockies are vast wilderness areas and the Columbia Basin, which is etched by the remarkable canyons of the Snake and Columbia rivers.
The western arm of the Cordillera consists of two lines of mountains with a series of valleys between them. In from the coast are the highest peaks, including active volcanoes. All these valleys are blessed with rich soils, and the more southerly were relatively easy to irrigate. Since the invention of refrigeration, these valleys have supplied the nation with fruit and vegetables. The mountains between the valleys and the coast include major earthquake zones, such as the San Andreas Fault, which caused the quake that leveled San Francisco.
Distributing limited water resources fairly, however, rather than earthquakes, seems to be the most serious environmental challenge to a majority of westerners. Largely fragile tundra, Alaska's interior is composed of mountains, broken plateaus and fairly flat valleys with a cold inland climate. Much of coastal and Policy Of Truth - Various - For The Masses (Cassette) Alaska has a temperate climate because of warm ocean currents. The building of the trans-Alaska pipeline, coastal oil spills and, as recently as the presidential election campaign, the debate over plans to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge ANWR to oil exploration have tested the nation's will to protect Alaska's nature.
Republican Vice Presidential Candidate Sarah Palin, the governor of the state, joined her party and a large majority of Alaskan voters in supporting the opening of the ANWR during the campaign. The American Cordillera are world-famous for veins of precious metals, such as the gold of the Sierra and Yukon and the Comstock silver lode of Nevada.
More recently, industrial metals such as copper and lead have been mined. Large occurrences of oil and gas are found in California and Wyoming, and the Colorado Plateau contains uranium, oil shale and soft coal.
To extract the oil and coal, say mining companies, open-pit and strip-mining are necessary. Conservationists, on the other hand, argue that this mining devastates parts of the plateau as thoroughly as it destroyed areas of the Great Plains and Appalachia.
The natural riches of Hawaii are vegetable rather than mineral. Trade winds give the islands a temperate climate. The volcanic mountains catch much rain on the windward side of the islands so that the leeward side has only moderate rainfall.
Coastlines and river systems Among the most important physical features and resources of the country are its coastlines, harbors, ocean currents and network of lakes and rivers. The shallow waters of the continental shelf off the North Atlantic coast known as the Great Banks contain many kinds of fish and attracted fishermen from Europe even before European settlers established their first colonies in the New World.
By the s the famous cod stocks there had collapsed from international over-fishing, however, and made the need to manage these maritime riches clear to the USA and Canada. The east coast has a warmer climate because of the Florida Current.
Fine harbors and estuaries made the sites of New York City, Philadelphia and Baltimore excellent locations for trade. The great eastern water systems are those that drain the Central Lowland: the Mississippi with its major tributaries and the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence system. One of the world's great inland water networks, the Mississippi system, carries freight from New Orleans north to Minneapolis and east to Pittsburgh.
Western tributaries of the Mississippi are mostly unfit for navigation, but since the s the Missouri has carried heavy barge traffic as a result of dams, locks and dredging. Because canals connect it to the Mississippi, the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence system functions as the second half of one vast network of inland waterways. The biggest group of freshwater lakes in the world, the Great Lakes carry more shipping than any other inland lake group. The fertile farmland surrounding the lakes and the iron, lumber and fossil fuels near their shores supported the rapid urbanization and industrialization of the Midwest in the s.
The opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway in made the lake cities international seaports by bypassing the obstacles to ocean-going freighters in the St. Lawrence with huge locks. On the west coast, limited rainfall and scant mountain run-off dry up all but three river systems, the Columbia, the Colorado and the San Joaquin-Sacramento, before they reach the sea.
They do not support shipping, but the west's largest rivers have brought prosperity by providing hydroelectric power and irrigation. The Columbia, once a wild white river, now runs down through dams and calm lakes, turning the arid plateaus of Washington state into vegetable gardens and supplying electrical power as well as drinking water to several states and Native-American cultures. The Colorado serves the same purposes on a smaller scale.
Proposals for its further development have met opposition because more dams would destroy the beauty of the Grand Canyon and other canyon lands. Conservation, recreational areas and environmental protection Although the country's population is now over million, most of these people live in relatively small areas.
Some parts of the country are not suitable for urbanization because of climate or difficult topography. Others have been set aside as recreation areas or wildlife preserves. These and other factors give the USA a great variety of national, state and local parks and open spaces. In the USA, conservation of natural beauty and resources through national parks gained acceptance in the late s, with vocal support from President Theodore Roosevelt, among others.
Yellowstone National Park, the first nature preserve created by Congress, was put under federal control in The Park Service now administers over different sites, whose combined territory exceeds 40, square milessquare kilometers of land and water.
There are national parks in all parts of the nation, but the largest and most famous are located between the Rockies and the Pacific. Government protection of the parks means controlled development. According to federal law, the government must balance the interests of developers, holiday-makers, environmentalists and Native Americans. Concerted lobbying of Congress by grass-roots groups and highly organized environmental organizations such as the Sierra Club and National Audubon Society soon resulted in a series of landmark federal laws.
In the same year an independent regulatory body, the Environmental Protection Agency EPAtook on the national government's responsibility for monitoring and protecting America's natural environment, and the Clean Air Act gave the EPA the duty of identifying and reducing airborne pollutants.
By the end of the s the Clean Water Act, Safe Drinking Water Act and the Superfund statute, which provides emergency federal funding for eliminating the health hazards of toxic-waste sites across the nation, were in effect. These laws have been repeatedly strengthened and extended in the decades since their enactment because of the environmental damage caused largely by sprawling urban development, new and outmoded industrial sites, and innovative commercial forms of farming and food processing.
The middle latitudes are, however, known for wide variations in temperature and rainfall, and the great size of North America reinforces these differences.
In general, the more distant a place is from an ocean, the more it has temperature extremes in the summer and winter. Most climates in America are distinctly inland because, with the general eastward movement of air across the country, the Cordillera mountain system limits the moderating influence of the Pacific to a narrow strip along the west coast.
Thus, San Francisco experiences only a small differential between winter and summer temperatures, but coastal cities in the Northeast have the same range of temperatures that extend from the Rockies to the east coast. The easterly direction of weather systems across the country also means the Atlantic Ocean has only a weak moderating influence. Rainfall Rainfall from the Pacific Ocean is so confined to the coastal strip by the Cordillera that the areas between the mountains and the Great Plains are arid or semi-arid.
Farther east, rainfall increases because warm, moist air moves up over the nation's middle from the Gulf of Mexico, producing rainfall. This rain often comes in cloudbursts, hailstorms, tornadoes and blizzards, with rapid temperature changes as cold Canadian air collides with warm, humid air from the Gulf of Mexico. The seasons In winter, dry frigid Canadian air moves south, spreading cold weather to the plains and lowlands and causing storms at its southern edge.
In summer, that stormy edge moves north as gulf air brings hot weather that eliminates much of the temperature difference between the north and south. Along the Pacific, seasonal changes follow another pattern. Winter in the Pacific north-west is overcast and drizzly as a result of warm, moist air from the Alaskan coast.
Southern California is a climatic refuge in winter because of its mild temperatures and long periods of sunny weather. In summer, the Pacific north-west has mild air from the Pacific, and, except in the mountains, is nearly rainless. Farther south, summer means dry, hot air and high temperatures. Autumn in the north-east and upper mid- west is marked by mild days, frosty nights and crystal-clear skies.
Spring here brings temperate weather, but autumn and spring are also the seasons when the gulf and Canadian air masses lurch most violently together, spawning hurricanes along the gulf and Atlantic coasts in the fall and tornadoes in the Mississippi valley in the spring. Recent developments in the study of geography emphasize how political the subject is because mapping the physical world divides it in ways that decide where people belong and how resources are managed and distributed.
More than one meaningful division of the country into regions is possible, and cultural regions defined as groups of states give only approximate borders because cultural boundaries rarely coincide with political units. Individual Native-American cultures, geographic areas and states, moreover, often show a unique mixture of traits that makes their inclusion in regional cultures inaccurate at best. Native-American cultural regions Many distinctive Native-American cultures existed when Europeans arrived in the mids.
An estimated 10 million Native Americans then lived in cultures with several hundred mutually incomprehensible languages and widely varying social structures. Any survey of cultural regions in such a diversity of groups must focus on broad similarities. See Figure 2. In the woodland eastern half of the country were areas now known as the north-eastern and south- eastern maize regions, where a variety of native cultures depended on hunting, fishing, farming and gathering.
These are called maize cultures because maize, or corn as it is called in the USA, was the most important staple of the Native-American diet. The longer growing season in the south-eastern maize region resulted in more extensive and highly developed agriculture. In the east as a whole, most housing was constructed of wood, bark and thatch. Women and children usually farmed while men hunted and fished. The Native-American cultural area in the prairies and Great Plains is known as the plains or bison region.
For thousands of years the population of this area was sparse compared with other parts of the continent. People lived along waterways and depended on river-bank farming, small-game hunting and gathering. Lacking any other means of transportation, they went on a communal buffalo bison hunt once a year on foot.
Then, between andthey discovered how to use the horses that reached them from Spanish-controlled areas to the south, and plains cultures were transformed. The population grew because the food supply increased dramatically when bison were hunted on horseback. Learning of this, some tribes, such as the Dakota, migrated from nearby woodlands to the open steppes farther west.
Plains peoples exchanged their settled farming customs for the nomadic culture of year-round buffalo hunters, discarding sod lodges for the portable tipi and evolving a society dominated by a warrior hunting class. The groups transformed by the arrival of the horse the Blackfoot, Crow, Cheyenne and Dakota are among the best-known of Native Americans, largely because of their fierce resistance to white settlement on their hunting grounds.
The Native-American cultural region called the south-west once encompassed a diversity of native cultures, nomadic hunters and gatherers as well as farmers, but most of its people relied on advanced forms of irrigated agriculture. These cultures all traced ancestry through the female line, and men did the farming while women owned the fields.
The Navajo and Apache were latecomers to the region, hunters and gatherers who migrated south from the Canadian plains between AD and and who adopted farming from the pueblo-dwelling peoples.
The Navajo later learned sheep-raising, peach-growing and silver-working from the Spanish, while some Apache groups took up aspects of nomadic plains cultures, such as the tipi and hunting buffalo on horseback, and copied cattle-raising from Spaniards and Americans. The California-intermontane cultural area included the barren territory around the Colorado plateau and most of California. The nomadic hunters and gatherers who lived here are often considered materially the poorest of the continent's native cultures.
On the other hand, their loosely organized family bands are often praised for their democratic political traditions and peaceful way of life. The plentiful nature available to the coastal cultures from northern California to southern Alaska made them a stark contrast to highland cultures of the nearby inland areas.
Among the most advanced groups of related cultures north of Mexico, the north-west peoples lived in coastal villages similar to independent city states. Well supplied with wild plants and game, the Chinook, Tsimshian, Kwakiutl, Haida and Tlingit did not need to farm. Fishing for salmon represented their primary economic activity, but saltwater fishing and whaling were also important.
They made long seagoing canoes and massive wooden lodges, decorating these household items and totem poles with symbolic carving. These peoples of plenty are well known for the potlatch, several days of feasting during which a leading family gave its guests extravagant gifts.
The north-west coastal peoples were among the few non-agricultural societies to practice slavery, which was common in Native- American farming cultures. Today both men and women among the Navajo practice the sheep-herding learned long ago from the Spanish. The Inuit arrived relatively late and wanted to distinguish themselves racially from Native Americans living farther south. The coastal peoples are skilled sea-hunters, while the inland cultures are based on hunting big game.
The Inuit of Alaska are settled villagers who build underground sod-walled houses. Fast and efficient dog sledges and kayaks made it possible for them to live in one place and supply themselves with food. Indigenous Hawaiians gathered food from the tropical forests, terraced mountain sides and irrigated their fields to grow crops. Expert open-sea fishermen from outrigger canoes, they also built semicircular fish ponds along the seashore. The common people lived in small areas where they had limited rights to fish, water, wood, wild foods and farming.
Attitudes toward the land Attitudes toward land and land-ownership in Native American cultures varied. Group possession and the communal use of land were most common. Almost all native groups had a concept of their own territory that was theirs by long residence and whose boundaries they defended or extended as circumstances demanded.
Picturing native cultures as idealized societies in which land had only spiritual value is invariably wrong because it romanticizes and oversimplifies the realities of life in North America before European settlement. The Indians were aware of their dependence on the land, which led most native cultures to deify or revere nature. On the other hand, some cultures exploited their environment until it became depleted. Others over-hunted until some animals became extinct.
If resources became scarce, groups moved to meet their needs, and conflict with other cultures resulted. Cultural regions in the contemporary USA Political geography Today's cultural regions result from varying mixtures of increasingly global antecedents, with Native- American elements, at their most noticeable, representing one of several continental ingredients.
The main American regions are much-used concepts for understanding subdivisions of American culture and society. Still, US regions tend to be less distinct than those in older, more demographically stable countries.
The high mobility of the American population adds to the homogenizing effects of popular mass culture, modern transportation, urbanization and the centralization of the economy and government.
The north-east The north-east often seems to be one unit when viewed from other sections of the country. In fact, the north-east is arguably still the nation's economic and cultural center, and is two regions New England and the Mid-Atlantic rather than one.
New England itself is often divided into two parts. Southern New England Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island has long had a cultural importance out of proportion to its size, natural resources and population.
Massachusetts received a very large number of early colonists from Britain and rapidly developed stable institutions, cohesive communities and an expanding population that strongly influenced the rest of New England and the northern half of the country during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Americans trace several aspects of the nation's traditional core culture to southern New England. The region supposedly also bequeathed the country belief in the so-called Puritan work ethic, the faith that hard work and good morals are rewarded in this world and the next.
In the mid-nineteenth century, New England authors such as Ralph Waldo Emerson expressed central values that for over a hundred years were taught in US schools as the foundation of the entire nation's culture. In the s New England Yankees became famous for their economic ingenuity, as traveling peddlers, clipper-ship captains and mill owners.
The fall line near the coast, by providing cheap water power close to trade routes, made the region the cradle of American industry. When industry converted to steam and electricity, the region lost manufacturing jobs to parts of the country richer in the natural resources essential to modern industry.
One of New England's greatest strengths in its economic competition with other regions today is its concentration of quality institutions of higher education and research. New England is now a leader in innovative business methods, publishing and high-technology industries. The region's tourist industry flourishes because of its scenic qualities and status as a repository of the nation's history.
The northern zone of the region Maine, Vermont and most of New Hampshirewith its woodland mountain areas, has developed a lucrative industry providing summer cottages and second homes for people who want to escape east-coast cities.
With a larger, more varied population, better soil and a greater share of natural resources, the mid- Atlantic region surpassed New England in trade and manufactures during the s. During the next century, these advantages helped the mid-Atlantic region grow into the nation's commercial-industrial hub. Its harbors became the nation's premier port cities, and here too the fall line provided cheap water power.
The mid-Atlantic also has passages Policy Of Truth - Various - For The Masses (Cassette) the Appalachian Mountains. First roads, then canals and later railroads followed these east-west routes as they opened western New York, Pennsylvania and the Great Lakes states to settlement and carried farm products to the coastal cities of the mid-Atlantic.
The Erie Canal, joining Lake Erie with New York City, made the cost of shipping a ton of freight from the lake to the city nearly twenty-four times cheaper, and thus the pattern of transportation down the inland rivers to New Orleans rapidly shifted towards New York, which became the nation's largest and wealthiest city. By the later s, transportation and trade welded together New England, the mid-Atlantic region and the big cities of the Great Lakes and inland rivers.
Although it includes agricultural areas, the distinguishing aspect of the core is still the size and closeness of its racially and ethnically mixed industrial cities. Like New England, this region has had to develop new jobs, diversify its economy and recruit employers with tax breaks and social services. But the economic tug-of-war between the regions continues, and the south and west still attract more jobs and people than the urban core.
Far from homogeneous, the south has two sub-regions, the lowland south on the Coastal Plain and the upland south in the Piedmont, southern Appalachians and Ozarks. Many observers argue that the rural and urban south has lost much of its traditional character because of economic transformation and migration from other parts of the nation and abroad. The distinctiveness of the southern lowland developed with the earliest settlement along the Atlantic coast.
The first colonists, Englishmen who came for economic rather than religious or political reasons, did not find the gold and silver that Spanish discoveries made them dream about, but the climate and soil proved suitable for growing and exporting cash crops such as tobacco and cotton, which required much manual labor but offered huge profits.
Soon estates larger than Policy Of Truth - Various - For The Masses (Cassette) family farm called plantations became common and resulted in dispersed settlement with a few small urban centers. To meet the need for field-workers, plantation-owners imported white indentured servants people who sold themselves into virtual slavery for four to seven years to pay for their passage to North America. By the late s, however, planters turned to Africans sold into permanent slavery for labor.
African slavery existed in all the American colonies, but became the main source of workers only in the plantation south. As late as the s, a proposal to end slavery failed by only one vote in the Virginia legislature. It was cheap fertile land to the west, improved machinery for harvesting cotton and high prices for the crop from northern and British textile mills that made cotton the backbone of the early Industrial Revolution.
This development confirmed the contrasts between the industrializing north and the slave-dependent south that led to the Civil War. Although slavery ended with the Civil War, cotton remained the region's main cash crop into the s, and most African Americans remained dependent on their former masters for work and a place to live.
Agriculture is still important, but today its products are much more varied. Industry has also moved south because of low energy and labor costs and natural resources such as iron ore, bauxite, oil, gas and vast pine forests. Since the Civil Rights laws and voter-registration drives of the s, the important roles of African Americans in public life and their support for the Democratic Party have driven most conservative white Americans to the Republicans, making the south a two-party region for the first time in a century.
The rapidly growing Latino population further complicates the picture by voting largely as Democrats. Still, surveys indicate that southerners as a whole remain less educated, more religious, more conservative and more predominantly old-stock American than the population of the other regions. The mid-west The mid-west includes the states bordering the Great Lakes and two tiers of states west of the Mississippi river from Missouri and Kansas north to Canada.
The Great Lakes states with their many manufacturing centers are called the industrial mid-west, although they are also important farm states. In similar fashion the two western tiers of states are called the agricultural mid-west, in spite of industrial cities such as St. Louis and Minneapolis. The early routes of western migration through the Appalachians met in the Great Lakes states, making them the first place where the cultures of New England, the mid-Atlantic and the south combined.
By the Great Lakes mid-west was well integrated into the markets of the north-east, and during the Civil War it gained a proud sense of its identity from having sacrificed men and wealth for the preservation of the Union.
After the war, the settlement of the trans-Mississippi agricultural mid-west was completed as steel-plated ploughs tore up the deep-rooted buffalo grass of the prairies and Great Plains and turned them into farmland. In the s, machinery and new strains of winter wheat made these areas some of the most productive farmland in the world.
In recent decades mid-western industrial cities have made great strides towards economic and environmental recovery, despite persistent problems with the loss of manufacturing jobs, slums and urban blight that follow in the wake of de-industrialization.
Today Indianapolis, Detroit and Policy Of Truth - Various - For The Masses (Cassette), for example, can boast of glamorous downtown convention centers, museums and resurgent industries that no longer pollute the air and water. Chicago, the national hub of the commodities market, an important international seaport and the home of widely diversified industry and cultural institutions, remains the region's premier city.
Mid-western political traditions show a mixture of pragmatic caution and organized protest. While the region has the reputation of being conservative, it was the birthplace of the Republican Party, which opposed the spread of slavery and nominated Lincoln for the presidency. Later, the agricultural mid-west was home to the Populist and Farmer-Labor parties, which protested against the economic domination of the north-east, and a center of the Progressive Movement, which strove to make American governments more honest, efficient and democratic.
Mid-western states, such as Minnesota and Wisconsin, have since then been leaders in social and environmental reform. The region's population grows increasingly diverse due to arrivals from Africa, Asia and Latin America. It represents possibility, freedom, self-reliance, the future.
As a region, it is made up of three parts: the south-west, the mountain states, and the Pacific coast. The south-west consists of New Mexico, Arizona and parts of surrounding states with a similar climate and culture. Seized during the Mexican-American War ofthis area now has a mixture of old, unusually strong Spanish-Mexican and Native-American communities - and a blend of people from many parts of the country and world who came in large numbers after Today cattle- and sheepranching are important for the economy, but dams on the major rivers and wells have transformed deserts into irrigated farmlands and metropolitan areas, such as Phoenix and Albuquerque.
The warm, dry climate has proven attractive to retirees, people with respiratory ailments as well as electronics and aerospace companies. Mining, the petroleum industry and tourism, in the south-west's stunning national parks, are also important economic supports.
The federal government is the largest landowner in the south-west and even more clearly dominates the economy of the mountain states. The importance of its decisions about the leasing of federal lands becomes obvious when one learns that the government owns over four-fifths of Nevada, two-thirds of Utah and vast areas of the sub-region's other states.
The traditional independence of longtime residents is increasingly frustrated by their lack of control over local resources. During World War II and the Cold War the federal government used desert areas of the south-west as test sites for a range of nuclear and conventional weapons with effects that are still hotly debated. The population density is low but appears to be growing so rapidly that some westerners think in-migration and development are nearing their acceptable limits.
The mines brought the outside investment, transportation infrastructure and business that laid the financial foundation for urban areas such as Denver and Butte. Agriculture depends on ranching and forestry because other forms of farming require irrigation, and water rights have become as precious as rare metals. Las Vegas and Reno found wealth through the gambling and entertainment industries.
Today it prospers by expertise in computer software and technology as well as by mining and irrigated agriculture. European settlement of the Pacific coast began with the establishment of Spanish missions in California in the s and included Russian and British domination of the Pacific north-west before the USA gained sovereignty over the area in the s. The coastal territories attracted sizeable populations and qualified as states before the interior west because of the Gold Rush and reports of the lush greenness of the Oregon and Washington valleys.
By the s it was an industrializing metropolis that produced finished goods which successfully competed with imports from the east. Today the city is the hub of a larger area that includes Berkeley and its famous university, Oakland with its many industries, the Silicon Valley complex of computer firms, Stanford University and the Napa Valley wine district.
Los Angeles has experienced rapid population growth ever since it became the terminus of a transcontinental railroad in The LA metropolis, a group of cities connected by a maze of highways, is home to the Hollywood film and media conglomerates as well as major energy, defense and aerospace companies. California's two largest urban areas contain every major racial and ethnic group in the nation, with especially large Asian and Latino elements.
Politically, southern California has the reputation of being conservative, while the northern part of the state is considered liberal. In the Pacific north-west the population and culture show less Latino and more New England and north-west European influence, while Asian-American groups are as well established as farther south.
During the past thirty years, so many people and businesses have relocated to Washington and Oregon that state authorities have attempted to limit growth. Their avowed goal is to preserve the environment and quality of life through a mixed economy based on agriculture, forestry and tourism, as well as on heavy and high-technology industries.
Resource and land-management are major issues in Hawaii and Alaska, as they are in the continental west. Hawaii's government instituted a detailed landuse system soon after it became a state in The law not only provided areas for commercial, industrial and residential building, but also protected farmland, nature reserves and tourist attractions.
In the nineteenth century, settlers from the mainland recruited large numbers of Asians to work on plantations. Today, the people are highly urban and have a make-up that is unique in the nation. The majority is Asian American, with people of Japanese extraction constituting the largest nationality group. White people make up the largest minority, followed by smaller groups of Latinos, African Americans and native Polynesians. Much of its history has involved struggles between resource-hungry developers, who lease land from government and create jobs for local residents, and conservationists, who lobby public authorities to restrict land-use because they view Alaska as the last chance to preserve an American wilderness.
Until Alaska won statehood insettlers and natives there subsisted primarily through fishing, hunting and logging. Except for the short-lived Klondike Gold Rush ofthe area seemed destined to prove right the skeptics who said the country had, inbought a ridiculously expensive Russian icebox containing only sealskins and salmon.
During the s and s, Alaska received a wave of immigrants who wanted to escape the congestion and pollution in the forty-eight contiguous states. The negotiations over how the environment should be preserved and the profits from the oil shared were the most critical in Alaska's history. The huge amounts of land and money Native Americans received in compensation gave them an entirely new status. To safeguard wildlife and the tundra, the trans-Alaska pipeline was insulated and lifted several feet above ground.
The results of oil development have been mixed. The population grew rapidly, reaching over half a million bybut, though the per-capita income for Alaskans is the highest in the nation, so is the state's unemployment rate. Much of Alaska's employment boom was temporary. In the supertanker Exxon Valdez went aground and spilled millions of gallons of oil on Alaska's coasts. The demands for a clean-up united environmentalists, the fishing and tourist industries, Native-American organizations and ordinary citizens.
Still, because the nation's economy remains largely dependent on fossil fuels, the fleets of tankers plying local coasts seem likely to grow, especially if drilling begins in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Changing public attitudes: where do we go from here?
Two-thirds foresaw a critical energy shortage in the next five years. Few Americans are ready to give up modern lifestyles and technology, but many have understood that quality of life in the future means reconciling environmental and pro- development interests to manage the nation's natural resources wisely. In polls since early roughly a two to one majority of Americans preferred conserving existing supplies of coal, gas and oil to finding new sources of these energy sources. Presidential figures have taken stands in this debate and have received a varied response.
On the one hand, small opinion poll majorities supported the Bush administration's criticism that the Kyoto Protocol was likely to hurt the US economy, and on the other, in the victory the public gave Democrat Barack Obama, it elected a leader who promises to revive the Protocol, energize American involvement in international efforts to deal with global warming and search for alternative energy sources.
Faced with gas prices that soared and then plummeted and an economic crisis that took homes and jobs from millions, the public voted for change but gave mixed signals to the victor. Shortly after the election as the economy worsened the public ranked protecting the environment further down on its list of concerns, after several economic and national security problems.
See Table 2. TABLE 2. Outline the main physical features of the US, describing the country's most important natural resources and commenting on the environmental cost of their use.
They started a ministry, The River at Music City, in Reba began mentoring young writers by way of The Writing Room, a songwriting course that she teaches in Nashville. InReba and Dony divorced. After decades of being out of print, Rambo's solo albums are beginning to become available on digital music outlets for the first time.
As a solo artist, Rambo has received two awards from eight nominations. As a solo artist, Rambo has received one award from four nominations. She also has an additional six nominations as a member of The Rambos.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Reba Rambo McGuire. American Christian singer and songwriter born Dawson SpringsKentuckyU. Singer songwriter author minister. Landy Gardner. Dony McGuire. Dottie Rambo Buck Rambo. Christian southern gospel contemporary Christian. Vocals bass guitar guitar percussion. Heart Warming Impact Light Benson.
Musical artist. The Newark Advocate. Ohio, Newark. Retrieved December 10, — via Newspapers. Cash Box. The Republic. Columbus, Indiana. Encyclopedia of Contemporary Christian Music. ISBN New York: Oxford UP. Retrieved Record World.
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