Take your place in our passionate community of life-changing educators. View our video. Lead with Passion Amplify your voice to reach many. Find Balance Create harmony. Put Vision into Action Be an equity and instructional warrior.
Chart Your Learning Journey Your pace. Your path. Latest Articles View all. Classroom Management. Discipline Your Emotions. Carla Shalaby on Radically Inclusive Discipline. Social-emotional learning. Topics that can be found on ASCD. Instructional Strategies. Director and co-producer Steve Binder had worked hard to produce a show that was far from the hour of Christmas songs Parker had originally planned. He sang with the kind of power people no longer expect of rock 'n' roll singers.
He moved his body with a lack of pretension and effort that must have made Jim Morrison green with envy. The soundtrack album rose into the top ten.
According to friend Jerry Schillingthe special reminded Presley of what "he had not been able to do for years, being able to choose the people; being able to choose what songs and not being told what had to be on the soundtrack. He was out of prison, man. I give you my word I will never sing a song I don't believe in. Buoyed by the experience of the Comeback Special, Presley engaged in a prolific series of recording sessions at American Sound Studiowhich led to the acclaimed From Elvis in Memphis.
Released in Juneit was his first secular, non-soundtrack album from a dedicated period in the studio in eight years. As described by Dave Marsh, it is "a masterpiece in which Presley immediately catches up with pop music trends that had seemed to pass him by during the movie years. He sings country songs, soul songs and rockers with real conviction, a stunning achievement.
Presley was keen to resume regular live performing. Following the success of the Comeback Special, offers came in from around the world. He responded, "That's fine for me, now how much can you get for Elvis? He was scheduled to perform 57 shows over four weeks, beginning July Moore, Fontana, and the Jordanaires declined to participate, afraid of losing the lucrative session work they had in Nashville.
Presley assembled new, top-notch accompaniment, led by guitarist James Burton and including two gospel groups, The Imperials and Sweet Inspirations. Parker, who intended to make Presley's return the show business event of the year, oversaw a major promotional push.
For his part, hotel owner Kirk Kerkorian arranged to send his own plane to New York to fly in rock journalists for the debut performance. Presley took to the stage without introduction. The audience of 2, including many celebrities, gave him a standing ovation before he sang a note and another after his performance.
A third followed his encore, "Can't Help Falling in Love" a song that would be his closing number for much of the s. Cassandra Petersonlater television's Elvira, met Presley during this period in Las Vegas, where she was Facts Of Love (Passion Mix) - Various - Kind Of Funk 2 (CD) as a showgirl. She recalled of their encounter, "He was so anti-drug when I met him.
I mentioned to him that I smoked marijuana, and he was just appalled. He said, 'Don't ever do that again. Several of his family members had been alcoholics, a fate he intended to avoid. Presley returned to the International early in for the first of the year's two-month-long engagements, performing two shows a night. Recordings from these shows were issued on the album On Stage. Presley was performing in a jumpsuit, which would become a trademark of his live act.
Presley had been the target of many threats since the s, often without his knowledge. Presley went onstage with a Derringer in his right boot and a. The album, That's the Way It Isproduced to accompany the documentary and featuring both studio and live recordings, marked a stylistic shift.
As music historian John Robertson noted, "The authority of Presley's singing helped disguise the fact that the album stepped decisively away from the American-roots inspiration of the Memphis sessions towards a more middle-of-the-road sound. Another week-long tour, of the West Coast, followed in November. On December 21,Presley engineered a meeting with President Richard Nixon at the White Housewhere he expressed his patriotism and explained how he believed he could reach out to the hippies to help combat the drug culture he and the president abhorred.
He asked Nixon for a Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs badge, to add to similar items he had begun collecting and to signify official sanction of his patriotic efforts. Nixon, who apparently found the encounter awkward, expressed a belief that Presley could send a positive message to young people and that it was, therefore, important that he "retain his credibility". On hearing reports of the meeting, Paul McCartney later said that he "felt a bit betrayed.
The great joke was that we were taking [illegal] drugs, and look what happened to him", a reference to Presley's early death, linked to prescription drug abuse.
The U. Best received by critics was Elvis Countrya concept record that focused on genre standards. If [Presley's] sin was his lifelessness, it was his sinfulness that brought him to life". A date tour commenced with an unprecedented four consecutive sold-out shows at New York's Madison Square Garden. After the tour, the single " Burning Love " was released—Presley's last top ten hit on the U.
Presley and his wife, meanwhile, had become increasingly distant, barely cohabiting. Inan affair he had with Joyce Bova resulted—unbeknownst to him—in her pregnancy and an abortion. Priscilla related that when she told him, Presley "grabbed Presley replied, "Well, the image is one thing and the human being another In JanuaryPresley performed two benefit concerts for the Kui Lee Cancer Fund in connection with a groundbreaking TV special, Aloha from Hawaiiwhich would be the first concert by a solo artist to be aired globally.
The first show served as a practice run and backup should technical problems affect the live broadcast two days later. In Japan, where it capped a nationwide Elvis Presley Week, it smashed viewing records. The next night, it was simulcast to 28 European countries, and in April an extended version finally aired in the U. As described by Bobbie Ann Mason"At the end of the show, when he spreads out his American Eagle cape, with the full stretched wings of the eagle studded on the back, he becomes a god figure.
At a midnight show the same month, four men rushed onto the stage in an apparent attack. Security men came to Presley's defense, and he ejected one invader from the stage himself. Following the show, he became obsessed with the idea that the men had been sent by Mike Stone to kill him. Though they were shown to have been only overexuberant fans, he raged, "There's too much pain in me Stone [must] die.
After another two full days of raging, Red Westhis friend and bodyguard, felt compelled to get a price for a contract killing and was relieved when Presley decided, "Aw hell, let's just leave it for now. Maybe it's a bit heavy. Presley's divorce was finalized on October 9, Twice during the year, he overdosed on barbituratesspending three days in a coma in his hotel suite after the first incident. Towards the end ofhe was hospitalized, semi-comatose from the effects of a pethidine addiction.
According to his primary care physicianDr. George C. NichopoulosPresley "felt that by getting drugs from a doctor, he wasn't the common everyday junkie getting something off the street". Presley's condition declined precipitously in September. Keyboardist Tony Brown remembered Presley's arrival at a University of Maryland concert: "He fell out of the limousine, to his knees.
People jumped to help, and he pushed them away like, 'Don't help me. Everybody's looking at each other like, 'Is the tour gonna happen'? He was slurring. He was so fucked up. It was obvious he was drugged. It was obvious there was something terribly wrong with his body. It was so bad the words to the songs were barely intelligible. I remember crying.
He could barely get through the introductions. So often I thought, 'Boss, why don't you just cancel this tour and take a year off? He patted me on the back and said, 'It'll be all right. Don't you worry about it. Cultural critic Marjorie Garber wrote that he was now widely seen as a garish pop crooner: "In effect, he had become Liberace.
Even his fans were now middle-aged matrons and blue-haired grandmothers. On July 13,Vernon Presley—who had become deeply involved in his son's financial affairs—fired " Memphis Mafia " bodyguards Red West Presley's friend since the sSonny Westand David Hebler, citing the need to "cut back on expenses". Another associate of Presley's, John O'Grady, argued that the bodyguards were dropped because their rough treatment of fans had prompted too many lawsuits.
RCA, which had always enjoyed a steady stream of product from Presley, began to grow anxious as his interest in the recording studio waned. After a session in December that produced 18 songs, enough for almost two albums, Presley made no official studio recordings in Despite concerns from RCA and Parker, between July and OctoberPresley recorded virtually the entire contents of six albums.
Though he was no longer a major presence on the pop charts, five of those albums entered the top five of the country chart, and three went to number one: Promised LandFrom Elvis Presley Boulevard, Memphis, Tennesseeand Moody Blue Eight studio singles from this period released during his lifetime were top ten hits on one or both charts, four in alone.
Presley and Linda Thompson split in Novemberand he took up with a new girlfriend, Ginger Alden. Grossly overweight, his mind dulled by the pharmacopia he daily ingested, he was barely able to pull himself through his abbreviated concerts.
According to Guralnick, fans "were becoming increasingly voluble about their disappointment, but it all seemed to go right past Presley, whose world was now confined almost entirely to his room and his spiritualism books.
In the first, shot in Omaha on June 19, Presley's voice, Guralnick writes, "is almost unrecognizable, a small, childlike instrument in which he talks more than sings most of the songs, casts about uncertainly for the melody in others, and is virtually unable to articulate or project".
The book Elvis: What Happened? He was devastated by the book, and tried unsuccessfully to halt its publication by offering money to the publishers. On the evening of Tuesday, August 16,Presley was scheduled to fly out of Memphis to begin another tour. That afternoon, Ginger Alden discovered him in an unresponsive state on a bathroom floor. According to her eyewitness account, "Elvis looked as if his entire body had completely frozen in a seated position while using the toilet and then had fallen forward, in that fixed position, directly in front of it.
It was clear that, from the time whatever hit him to the moment he had landed on the floor, Elvis hadn't moved.
President Jimmy Carter issued a statement that credited Presley with having "permanently changed the face of American popular culture". Presley's funeral was held at Graceland on Thursday, August Outside the gates, a car plowed into a group of fans, killing two young women and critically injuring a third.
While an autopsy, undertaken the same day Presley died, was still in progress, Memphis medical examiner Jerry Francisco announced that the immediate cause of death was cardiac arrest. Asked if drugs were involved, he declared that "drugs played no role in Presley's death". The pathologists conducting the autopsy thought it possible, for instance, that he had suffered "anaphylactic shock brought on by the codeine pills he had gotten from his dentist, to which he was known to have had a mild allergy".
A pair of lab reports filed two months later strongly suggested that polypharmacy was the primary cause of death; one reported "fourteen drugs in Elvis' system, ten in significant quantity". That, together with his drug habit, caused his death.
But he was difficult to diagnose; it was a judgment call. The competence and ethics of two of the centrally involved medical professionals were seriously questioned. Francisco had offered a cause of death before the autopsy was complete; claimed the underlying ailment was cardiac arrhythmiaa condition that can be determined only in someone who is still alive; and denied drugs played any part in Presley's death before the toxicology results were known.
It was permanently revoked in the s after the Tennessee Medical Board brought new charges of over-prescription. Inthe Presley autopsy report was reopened. Joseph Davis, who had conducted thousands of autopsies as Miami-Dade County coroner,  declared at its completion, "There is nothing in any of the data that supports a death from drugs. In fact, everything points to a sudden, violent heart attack. Other staff "could say nothing with confidence until they got the results back from the laboratories, if then.
That would be a matter of weeks. Eric Muirhead, "could not believe his ears. Francisco had not only presumed to speak for the hospital's team of pathologists, he had announced a conclusion that they had not reached. Early on, a meticulous dissection of the body As they proceeded, the doctors saw evidence that his body had been wracked over a span of years by a large and constant stream of drugs.
They had also studied his hospital records, which included two admissions for drug detoxification and methadone treatments. Put simply, the strain of attempting to defecate compressed the singer's abdominal aortashutting down his heart. However, inForest Tennantwho had testified as a defense witness in Nichopoulos' trial, described his own analysis of Presley's available medical records.
He concluded that Presley's "drug abuse had led to falls, head trauma, and overdoses that damaged his brain", and that his death was due in part to a toxic reaction to codeine—exacerbated by an undetected liver enzyme defect—which can cause sudden cardiac arrhythmia. Between andsix of Presley's posthumously released singles were top-ten country hits.
Graceland was opened to the public in Attracting over half a million visitors annually, it became the second most-visited home in the United States, after the White House. Inhe received the W. It topped the charts in over 20 countries and was included in a compilation of Presley's number-one hits, ELV1Swhich was also an international success.
The album returned Presley to the Billboard summit for the first time in almost three decades. Ina remix of " Rubberneckin' ", a recording of Presley's, topped the U. They were part of a campaign that saw the re-release of all 18 of Presley's previous chart-topping UK singles.
The first, "All Shook Up", came with a collectors' box that made it ineligible to chart again; each of the other 17 reissues hit the British top five. For much of his adult life, Presley, with his rise from poverty to riches and massive fame, had seemed to epitomize the American Dream. Sincethere have been numerous alleged sightings of Presley.
A long-standing conspiracy theory among some fans is that he faked his death. It is as if he has been canonized by acclamation. Presley's earliest musical influence came from gospel. His mother recalled that from the age of two, at the Assembly of God church in Tupelo attended by the family, "he would slide down off my lap, run into the aisle and scramble up to the platform.
There he would stand looking at the choir and trying to sing with them. The Statesmen were an electric combination Bass singer Jim Wetherington, known universally as the Big Chief, maintained a steady bottom, ceaselessly jiggling first his left leg, then his right, with the material of the pants leg ballooning out and shimmering.
As a teenagerPresley's musical interests were wide-ranging, and he was deeply informed about both white and African-American musical idioms. Though he never had any formal training, he had a remarkable memory, and his musical knowledge was already considerable by the time he made his first professional recordings aged 19 in When Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller met him two years later, they were astonished at his encyclopedic understanding of the blues,  and, as Stoller put it, "He certainly knew a lot more than we did about country music and gospel music.
Presley received his first guitar when he was 11 years old. He learned to play and sing; he gained no formal musical training but had an innate natural talent and could easily pick up music. While he couldn't read or write music and had no formal lessons, he was a natural musician and played everything by ear.
Presley played rhythm acoustic guitar on most of his Sun recordings and his s RCA albums. Presley was a central figure in the development of rockabillyaccording to music historians. Carl Perkins was doing basically the same sort of thing up around Jacksonand I know for a fact Jerry Lee Lewis had been playing that kind of music ever since he was ten years old. At RCA Victor, Presley's rock and roll sound grew distinct from rockabilly with group chorus vocals, more heavily amplified electric guitars  and a tougher, more intense manner.
Inhis first gospel record was released, the four-song EP Peace in the Valley. Certified as a million-seller, it became the top-selling gospel EP in recording history. After his return from military service inPresley continued to perform rock and roll, but the characteristic style was substantially toned down.
His first post-Army single, the number-one hit "Stuck on You", is typical of this shift. RCA Victor publicity referred to its "mild rock beat"; discographer Ernst Jorgensen calls it "upbeat pop".
While Presley performed several of his classic ballads for the '68 Comeback Specialthe sound of the show was dominated by aggressive rock and roll.
He recorded few new straight rock and roll songs thereafter; as he explained, they had become "hard to find". Like his work of the s, Presley's subsequent recordings reworked pop and country songs, but in markedly different permutations. His stylistic range now began to embrace a more contemporary rock sound as well as soul and funk. Much of Elvis in Memphisas well as "Suspicious Minds", cut at the same sessions, reflected this Facts Of Love (Passion Mix) - Various - Kind Of Funk 2 (CD) rock and soul fusion.
In the mids, many of his singles found a home on country radio, the field where he first became a star. The developmental arc of Presley's singing voice, as described by critic Dave Marsh, goes from "high and thrilled in the early days, [to] lower and perplexed in the final months.
Jorgensen calls the recording of "How Great Thou Art" "an extraordinary fulfillment of his vocal ambitions", as Presley "crafted for himself an ad-hoc arrangement in which he took every part of the four-part vocal, from [the] bass intro to the soaring heights of the song's operatic climax", becoming "a kind of one-man quartet".
Hess himself thought that while others might have voices the equal of Presley's, "he had that certain something that everyone searches for all during their lifetime. Marsh praises his reading of " U. Male ", "bearing down on the hard guy lyrics, not sending them up or overplaying them but tossing them around with that astonishingly tough yet gentle assurance that he brought to his Sun records. Music critic Henry Pleasants observes that "Presley has been described variously as a baritone and a tenor.
An extraordinary compass Presley's best octave is in the middle, D-flat to D-flat, granting an extra full step up or down. His voice can not be measured in octaves, but in decibels; even that misses the problem of how to measure delicate whispers that are hardly audible at all. When Dewey Phillips first aired "That's All Right" on Memphis' WHBQmany listeners who contacted the station by phone and telegram to ask for it again assumed that its singer was black.
Interviewed inhe recalled how in his childhood he would listen to blues musician Arthur Crudup —the originator of "That's All Right"—"bang his box the way I do now, and I said if I ever got to the place where I could feel all old Arthur felt, I'd be a music man like nobody ever saw. Anti-negro prejudice doubtless figured in adult antagonism.
Regardless of whether parents were aware of the Negro sexual origins of the phrase 'rock 'n' roll', Presley impressed them as the visual and aural embodiment of sex. Despite the largely positive view of Presley held by African Americans, a rumor spread in mid that he had at some point announced, "The only thing Negroes can do for me is buy my records and shine my shoes. On the set of Jailhouse RockPresley granted Robinson an interview, though he was no longer dealing with the mainstream press.
He denied making such a statement: "I never said anything like that, and people who know me know that I wouldn't have said it. A lot of people seem to think I started this business.
But rock 'n' roll was here a long time before I came along. Nobody can sing that kind of music like colored people. Let's face it: I can't sing like Fats Domino can. I know that. The persistence of such attitudes was fueled by resentment over the fact that Presley, whose musical and visual performance idiom owed much to African-American sources, achieved the cultural acknowledgement and commercial success largely denied his black peers.
Addressing his '68 Comeback Special audience, he said, "Rock 'n' roll music is basically gospel or rhythm and blues, or it sprang from that. People have been adding to it, adding instruments to it, experimenting with it, but it all boils down to [that]. It used to be called rhythm and blues. Presley's physical attractiveness and sexual appeal were widely acknowledged.
He was that good looking. And if you never knew he Facts Of Love (Passion Mix) - Various - Kind Of Funk 2 (CD) a superstar, it wouldn't make any difference; if he'd walked in the room, you'd know somebody special was in your presence. Writing incritic George Melly described him as "the master of the sexual simile, treating his guitar as both phallus and girl".
While Presley was marketed as an icon of heterosexuality, some cultural critics have argued that his image was ambiguous. InSight and Sound ' s Peter John Dyer described his onscreen persona as "aggressively bisexual in appeal". Reinforcing Presley's image as a sex symbol were the reports of his dalliances with various Hollywood stars and starlets, from Natalie Wood in the s to Connie Stevens and Ann-Margret in the s to Candice Bergen and Cybill Shepherd in the s.
June Juanico of Memphis, one of Presley's early girlfriends, later blamed Parker for encouraging him to choose his dating partners with publicity in mind.
Elvis kept several horses at Gracelandand horses remain important to the Graceland estate. A local former teacher, Alene Alexander, has taken care of the horses at Graceland for 38 years. She and Priscilla Presley have a love for horses and have formed a special friendship. It was because of Priscilla that Elvis brought horses to Graceland.
Alexander now serves as Graceland's Ambassador. She is one of three of the original staff members still working at the estate. The horse named Palomino Rising Sun was Elvis' favorite horse, and there are many photographs of him riding him. Once he became Presley's manager, Colonel Tom Parker insisted on exceptionally tight control over his client's career.
Early on, he and his Hill and Range allies, the brothers Jean and Julian Aberbachperceived the close relationship that developed between Presley and songwriters Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller as a serious threat to that control. Leiber thought there was a mistake—the sheet of paper was blank except for Parker's signature and a line on which to enter his.
ByParker's contracts gave him 50 percent of most of Presley's earnings from recordings, films, and merchandise. He would sign a contract without even reading it. He was only interested in 'now money'—get the buck and get gone. Lacker was instrumental in convincing Presley to record with Memphis producer Chips Moman and his handpicked musicians at American Sound Studio in early The American Sound sessions represented a significant departure from the control customarily exerted by Hill and Range.
Moman still had to deal with the publisher's staff on-site, whose song suggestions he regarded as unacceptable. He was on the verge of quitting until Presley ordered the Hill and Range personnel out of the studio. Throughout his entire career, Presley performed in only three venues outside the United States—all of them in Canada, during brief tours there in I'll probably start out here in this country and after that, play some concerts abroad, probably starting in Europe.
I want to see some places I've never seen before. Parker was uncharacteristically reluctant, prompting those close to Presley to speculate about the manager's past and the reasons for his evident unwillingness to apply for a passport. Parker arguably exercised tightest control over Presley's film career.
Hal Wallis said, "I'd rather try and close a deal with the devil" than with Parker. Fellow film producer Sam Katzman described him as "the biggest con artist in the world". In Lacker's description, "The only thing that kept Elvis going after the early years was a new challenge.
But Parker kept running everything into the ground. In Leiber's telling, Jean Aberbach warned them to never again "try to Facts Of Love (Passion Mix) - Various - Kind Of Funk 2 (CD) with the business or artistic workings of the process known as Elvis Presley". In the early s, the circle of friends with whom Presley constantly surrounded himself until his death came to be known as the "Memphis Mafia". If we hadn't been around, he would have been dead a lot earlier. Larry Geller became Presley's hairdresser in Unlike others in the Memphis Mafia, he was interested in spiritual questions and recalls how, from their first conversation, Presley revealed his secret thoughts and anxieties: "I mean there has to be a purpose I swear to God, no one knows how lonely I get.
And how empty I really feel. I know he invented rock and roll, in a manner of speaking, but He's worshiped as a god today because in addition to inventing rock and roll he was the greatest ballad singer this side of Frank Sinatra —because the spiritual translucence and reined-in gut sexuality of his slow weeper and torchy pop blues still activate the hormones and slavish devotion of millions of female human beings worldwide.
Presley's rise to national attention in transformed the field of popular music and had a huge effect on the broader scope of popular culture.
Elvis was a blessing. They wouldn't let black music through. He opened the door for black music. His following was immense, and he was a symbol to people the world over of the vitality, rebelliousness, and good humor of his country.
Presley's name, image, and voice are recognized around the globe. He introduced the beat to everything and he changed everything—music, language, clothes. It's a whole new social revolution—the sixties came from it. On the 25th anniversary of Presley's death, The New York Times asserted, "All the talentless impersonators and appalling black velvet paintings on display can make him seem little more than a perverse and distant memory.
But before Elvis was camp, he was its opposite: a genuine cultural force. Elvis' breakthroughs are underappreciated because in this rock-and-roll age, his hard-rocking music and sultry style have triumphed so completely.
Elvis Presley is a supreme figure in American life, one whose presence, no matter how banal or predictable, brooks no real comparisons. The cultural range of his music has expanded to the point where it includes not only the hits of the day, but also patriotic recitals, pure country gospel, and really dirty blues.
Elvis has emerged as a great artista great rockera great purveyor of schlocka great heart throba great borea great symbol of potencya great hama great nice personand, yes, a great American.
Presley remains the best-selling solo music artist according to Guinness World Records  with sales estimated up to million.
Presley holds the records for most songs charting in Billboard ' s top 40—    —and topaccording to chart statistician Joel Whitburn  according to Presley historian Adam Victor.
Whitburn has Presley also with 18, and thus tied for second;  Billboard has him third with As an album artist, Presley is credited by Billboard with the record for the most albums charting in the Billboard :far ahead of second-place Frank Sinatra's He also holds the record for most time spent at number one on the Billboard 67 weeks. This gave him a new record for number-one UK albums by a solo artist with 13, and extended his record for longest span between number-one albums by anybody—Presley had first topped the British chart in with his self-titled debut.
Inthe spider Paradonea presleyi was named in his honor. Presley worked with many bands and studio musicians over the course of his career. The following is a list and timeline of the most prominent musicians that worked with Presley during his lifetime. A vast number of recordings have been issued under Presley's name. The total number of his original master recordings has been variously calculated as  and In the case of his albums, the distinction between "official" studio records and other forms is often blurred.
For most of the s, his recording career focused on soundtrack albums. In the s, his most heavily promoted and bestselling LP releases tended to be concert albums. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Elvis. American singer and actor. For other uses, see Elvis disambiguation. Presley in a publicity photograph for the film Jailhouse Rock. Tupelo, MississippiU. Memphis, TennesseeU. Priscilla Beaulieu. Musical artist. See also: List of songs recorded by Elvis Presley on the Sun label.
Presley transformed not only the sound but the emotion of the song, turning what had been written as a "lament for a lost love into a satisfied declaration of independence. Presley's definition of rock and roll included a sense of humor—here, during his second Sullivan appearance, he introduces one of his signature numbers. Elvis in publicity photos for the film Jailhouse Rock. See also: Military career of Elvis Presley. See also: Elvis Presley on film and television. Presley broke new stylistic ground and displayed his vocal range with this number-one hit.
The quasi-operatic ballad ends with Presley "soaring up to an incredible top G sharp. Main article: Singer Presents Beginning with his American Sound recordings, soul music became a central element in Presley's fusion of styles.
Here, he revels in lyrics full of sexual innuendo. See also: Aloha from Hawaii via Satellite. From How Great Thou Arta traditional song popular in the black gospel tradition. The arrangement evokes "the percussive style of the s Golden Gate Quartet. Further information: Colonel Tom Parker. Main article: Memphis Mafia. Scotty Moore — lead guitar, backing vocals —59, —69; died Bill Black — double bass, backing vocals —58; died DJ Fontana — drums —59, —69; died Gordon Stoker — backing vocals —59, —68, —71; died Neal Matthews, Jr.
Hardin — piano —76 Emory Gordy, Jr — bass guitar, backing vocals Duke Bardwell — bass guitar, backing vocals —75 David Briggs — piano —77 Tony Brown — piano —77 Bobby Ogdin — piano Main articles: Elvis Presley albums discographysinglesand songs.
Blues Blue Hawaii Girls! Main article: Elvis Presley on film and television. The physician who delivered him wrote "Elvis Aaron Presley" in his ledger. The name was chosen after the Presleys' friend and fellow congregation member Aaron Kennedy, though a single-A spelling was probably intended by Presley's parents to parallel the middle name of Presley's stillborn brother, Jesse Garon. Late in his life, he sought to officially change the spelling to Aaron and discovered that state records already listed it that way.
Knowing his wishes for his middle name, Aaron is the spelling his father chose for Presley's tombstone, and it is the spelling his estate has designated as official. He received credit on two other songs to which he did contribute: he provided the title for " That's Someone You Never Forget "written by his friend and former Humes schoolmate Red West ; Presley and West collaborated with another friend, guitarist Charlie Hodge, on " You'll Be Gone " He tallies each side of the former single as a number-one Billboard ' s sales chart had "Don't Be Cruel" at number one for five weeks, then "Hound Dog" for six and reckons "I Beg of You" as a top ten, as it reached number eight on the old Top chart.
Billboard now considers both singles as unified items, ignoring the historical sales split of the former and its old Top chart entirely. Whitburn thus analyzes the four songs as yielding three number ones and a total of four top tens. Billboard now states that they yielded just two number ones and a total of two top tens, voiding the separate chart appearances of "Hound Dog" and "I Beg of You". CBS News. Retrieved July 12, July 19, Elvis Presley: The Man.
The Life. The Legend. Simon and Schuster. ISBN Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved March 3, Graceland to Downtown Memphis. Retrieved March 10, The Elvis Movies. Retrieved April 22, August 15, Retrieved January 9, March 17, Retrieved July 1, December 3, Roberts Backbeat Books.
Jerry Osborne Enterprises. The opening track "I Forgot That You Existed" is a light-hearted pop rap and post- tropical house song, where Swift declares her indifference to her detractors and farewell to the events that inspired Reputationwith a reference to Drake and his song " In My Feelings ".
It features reverberated vocals and vintage instrumentals, and romantic lyrics that reference traditional marriage vows. In the fourth track, " The Man ", Swift imagines the media's treatment of her if she were a man,  over a production featuring flashy harmonies, murky synths, and rumbling beats. It sees Swift examining the blossoming of a relationship, speculating how much the subject can surmise her feelings for him, and mentions the neighborhood Music Row.
Marked with peppy cheerleader chants  Swift expresses her disillusionment at the state of US politicsusing the song as a metaphorical critique. The tenth track, "Death by a Thousand Cuts", is a fast-paced torch songwith an ornate guitar, a tinkling piano section and quivering synths. In the bubblegum pop and synth-pop song " Me! Not the things I hate, not the things I'm afraid of, the things that haunt me in the middle of the night. I think that you are what you love. The cover artwork of Lover was shot and edited by year-old Colombian photographer and collage artistValheria Rocha; she, along with Swift, handled the art direction of the photographs used for the album's campaign.
I think about Loverand all the glitter heart eyes it inspired and the way people photoshopped themselves on the cover: everyone, from my neighbor to Ellen DeGeneres.
There's a level of iconicness and relatability that made the cover influential. People saw they could easily make their own versions of Lover and I think it makes them feel a little closer to Taylor. The cover artwork features Swift in her signature red lips, with a heart-shaped pink glitter arrangement surrounding her right eye, before a cloudy sky dominated by pink and blue hues, as well as a yellow light leak. The album title is etched above Swift's head, in a slanted, pink, glittery, cursive font.
The aesthetic of Lover has been described as daytime,  summer,  and spring,  incorporating butterflies,  hearts floral  and kitsch and consisting heavily of pastel colors. Lover was released on August 23,through Republic Records ; it is the first album by Swift to be released under the label since her departure from Big Machine Records in November It is the first time Swift made her album available for streaming on its release day, and the first time she made an album available for digital purchase directly on her website.
The deluxe edition comes in four versions, each containing a CD, two bonus audio memos and a blank journalwith different bonus content of Swift's old diary entries, photos, and a poster. Swift teased the details about Lover through cryptic hint-dropping and " easter eggs " on social media. Entertainment Weekly wrote, Swift "has perfected the pop culture feedback loop: She shares updates about her life and drops hints about new music, which fans then gobble up and re-promote with their own theories, which Swift then re-shares on her Tumblr or incorporates into future clues.
It's like a T-Swift-built Escher staircase of personal memories and moments that tease what's next". Swift commented that she loves "that they [fans] like the cryptic hint-dropping. Because as long as they like it, I'll keep doing it. It's fun. It feels mischievous and playful". The magazine added that Swift "has designed the ultimate artistic scavenger hunt — and it's easy to get swept up in its drama, even if you don't listen to her music", and that she makes the audience "feel like they're on the journey with her".
A few weeks before the expected release of LoverSwift invited a select group of fans to private listening parties called Secret Sessionsto listen to the album, a tradition which began with in These sessions were held in London,  Nashvilleand Los Angeles,  where "Swift met personally with each fan and posed for photos until 5 a.
When talking about the second track on the album, Cruel Summershe said, "It deals with the idea of being in a relationship where there's some element of desperation and pain in it, where you're yearning for something that you don't quite have yet. Swift partnered with Amazon in the lead-up to the release, with Amazon featuring Lover -themed designs on some Facts Of Love (Passion Mix) - Various - Kind Of Funk 2 (CD) their cardboard delivery boxes.
The New York Times highlighted Swift's "old-fashioned" way of releasing Loverfrom the release of its lead single "Me! The newspaper stated that Swift is "steady in her traditional pop playbook, with radio singles, music videos, magazine covers, television appearances and a stream of things for sale, all on schedule", even though the majority of the music industry has adapted to the digital era.
Lover was supported by four singles and a promotional single ; all of which charted inside the top 40 of the Billboard Hot —three of them reached the top ten. It was released along with its symbolic music video on April 26, The video—Swift's solo directorial debut—was met with praise from critics for its satire and features cameos from Swift's father Scott Swift and TikTok star Loren Gray. A lyric video accompanied the song's release. Swift performed songs from Lover on several televised events.
On May 1,Swift and Urie made the first live performance of "Me! On September 9,to celebrate the album release, Swift played a one-off City of Lover concert at L'Olympia in Paris, France, where she performed eight Lover songs including the singles "Me! On September 17,Swift announced the Lover Fest, a concert tour set to begin in the summer ofstarting on June 20,in Werchter, Belgium and concluding on August 1,in Foxborough, Massachusetts. I want to perform it in a way that feels authentic.
I want to go to some places I haven't been and play festivals. Where we didn't have festivals, we made some. Due to the COVID pandemicall festival dates planned for the tour were canceled, with the US and Brazil shows postponed and to be rescheduled to sometime in Lover received positive reviews from music critics, most of whom complimented its free-spirited sound and earnest themes, and agreed that it showcases a new side of Swift.
Rob Sheffield from Rolling Stone called the album "overpowering" and a "career-capping masterpiece". Club called the album "one of [Swift's] strongest, most relatable albums to date He further described the album as "grown-up, complex pop". Nora Princiotti of The Boston Globe labelled Lover as "satisfying pop" that dips back into many of Swift's "creative wells", with songs that "snatch elements from all over her past", instead of "going for a clear, new sound like she did on her previous two albums"; she added that the result is a "dreamy record that makes good use of its stylistic freedom".
In a less favorable review, Sal Cinquemani from Slant Magazine wrote the album "attempts to be something to everyone" but "lacks a unified sonic aesthetic".
However, he remarked Swift's songwriting as better "than any of her competitors" and praised "False God" and "It's Nice to Have a Friend" for being "more satisfying". Numerous publications placed Lover in their year-end best-albums lists. Lover and its singles received three nods at the 62nd Annual Grammy Awards. The album contended for Best Pop Vocal Album as Swift's third consecutive nomination in the category, following and Reputation She was also crowned the Artist of the Decade of the s.
Lover sold more than 3. Withpre-adds on Apple Music within one day, Lover is the most pre-saved album by a female artist as of July ; it is also the most pre-saved pop album on the platform.
In the US, Lover sold aroundcopies in its first day, earning the biggest sales week ofbreaking the first-week sales record of Jonas Brothers ' Happiness Beginsin a day. It is the singer's sixth number-one album in the country; she also became the first female artist in US history to have six albums sell more thancopies in a single week. Lover earned more than million streams across all platforms in the US in its first week, marking the second largest streaming week of all time among albums by women.
Additionally, Lover outsold all the other albums on the chart combined in its opening week, the first album to achieve this feat since Reputation. All 18 tracks from Lover charted simultaneously on the Billboard Hotbreaking numerous records—the most simultaneous Hot entries among women, the most simultaneous Hot debuts among women, the album by a female artist with most simultaneous Hot entries and the album by a female artist with the most simultaneous Hot debuts—all of which were previously held by Billie Eilish and her debut studio album, When We All Fall Asleep, Where Do We Go?
By the end ofLover had sold 1. It is Swift's fourth album to become the best-seller of the year, following Fearless inin and Reputation in Lover was also the only release to reach the one-million mark. The album also generated more than 2. In Canada, Lover debuted at number-one on the Billboard Canadian Albums Chart as Swift's sixth consecutive chart-topper in the country.
In Europe, Lover gave Swift her highest debuts on many charts in her career yet. In the United Kingdom, it debuted at number one on the UK Albums Chart with 53, units, consisting of 35, traditional sales.
It made Swift the first female artist to have four chart-topping albums in the s decade. In Ireland, the album debuted at number one on the Irish Albums Chartmaking Swift the only female artist with four chart-topping albums in the country in the s decade. It also posted the biggest first-week sales of in the country and all of the 18 tracks from the album appeared in the top 75 of the ARIA Singles Chart. In China, Lover was a massive success, topping the best-selling digital albums lists of all major Chinese music platforms.
It became the first international album in Chinese history to surpass 1 million units within a week of its release, setting the record for the biggest sales week for an international artist in the country. Following and ReputationLover is Swift's third album to rank in the all-time top 10, making her the first non-Chinese act to achieve this; all the three releases have exceeded 1 million digital units in the country. Track listing and credits adapted from the album liner notes, Apple Music and Tidal.
Adapted from the album liner notes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Lover Taylor Swift album. This article is about the Taylor Swift album. Taylor Swift. Online . News . Swift sings over lush and unhurried synth beats that explode into an earworm chorus of plunging echoes. It was released as the second single from Lover during the pride month.
See also: City of Lover. Swift Bell Frank Dukes. Swift Jack Antonoff Annie Clark. Swift Joel Little. Swift Antonoff Sounwave [a]. Swift Dave Meyers. Digital download streaming. List of albums List of Billboard number-one albums of List of number-one albums of Australia List of number-one albums of Belgium List of number-one albums of Canada List of number-one albums of Ireland List of number-one albums from the s New Zealand List of number-one albums of Mexico List of number-one albums in Norway List of number-one albums of Scotland List of number-one albums of Sweden List of UK Albums Chart number ones of the s List of UK Album Downloads Chart number ones of the s List of best-selling albums in China.
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